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  #46  
Old 24 Mar 11, 07:57
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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Below is a link to an interesting Wikipedia article called English as a foreign language. Interesting both to people trying to learn English and to English speakers trying to learn another language.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English...econd_language
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  #47  
Old 21 Apr 11, 11:18
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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World Languages -most influential

Attached is an interesting article which attempts via various metrics which of the world's languages are the most influential.

http://www.andaman.org/BOOK/reprints.../rep-weber.htm
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  #48  
Old 18 Sep 11, 14:22
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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Japan Today article: How language defines us

An article from Japan Today that I found interesting.

http://www.japantoday.com/category/j..._2011-09-18_PM
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  #49  
Old 08 Sep 12, 14:07
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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From the MIT Opencourseware program, a link to their page which has links to the various free on-line language courses they provide:

http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/#foreign-...nd-literatures

Last edited by lakechampainer; 08 Sep 12 at 17:47..
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  #50  
Old 29 Sep 12, 14:44
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Link to a page I found interesting. It discusses the different problems encountered by English a second language learners, broken down by the major languages.

http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/langdiff/index.htm
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  #51  
Old 09 Oct 12, 18:57
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lakechampainer View Post
Some Godfather names run through Google Translate:

Clemenza - Clemency
Abandanno - abandonment
Neri - blacks
Fontane - fountains
Gatto - cat
Lampone - raspberry
Rossi - red
Brasi - Brazilian
Hagen (German) - hook (haken)
Ola (Spanish) - wave
Mancini - left-handed
Cuneo - wedge
Valenti - valiant
Vitelli - calves
Calo - drop
Falcone - falcon
Molinari - millers
Tessio (Tessitore) - weaver
Rosato (Brothers) - pinkish
Tramonti - sunsets
Fabrizzio (fabbricando) - fabricating
Bocchicchio (boccaglio) -mouthpiece
Corleone (Coeur de Lion) - Lionhearted (French)


and of course Bonasera (buonasera) - good evening
And the main family:

Vito - life
Carmella - orchard, fruit garden - her role, to bear children and raise them
Sonny - took his father as model
Fredo - Fraidy - afraid
Mike - I Like Ike - like Ike, military and civilian leader
Connie - with he - defined by who her husband and father and brothers are
Hagen - hook - the hook to the outside world
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  #52  
Old 01 Jan 13, 12:08
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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link to a website on languages of the European Community.

http://ec.europa.eu/languages/langua...nguages_en.htm
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  #53  
Old 20 Feb 13, 19:39
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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A linguistics article from Wikipedia called "Force Dynamics" that I found interesting.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Force_Dynamics

excerpt:

Force dynamics is a semantic category that describes the way in which entities interact with reference to force. Force Dynamics gained a good deal of attention in cognitive linguistics due to its claims of psychological plausibility and the elegance with which it generalizes ideas not usually considered in the same context. The semantic category of force dynamics pervades language on several levels. Not only does it apply to expressions in the physical domain like leaning on or dragging, but it also plays an important role in expressions involving psychological forces (e.g. wanting or being urged). Furthermore, the concept of force dynamics can be extended to discourse. For example, the situation in which speakers A and B argue, after which speaker A gives in to speaker B, exhibits a force dynamic pattern.
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  #54  
Old 30 Jun 13, 09:52
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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An interesting web site on the English Language I found - focuses on obscure words, word origins, etc.

http://phrontistery.info/index.html

Below is the brief description on the home page

Welcome to the Phrontistery! I'm your host, Forthright. Since 1996, I have compiled word lists in order to spread the joy of the English language. Here, you will find the International House of Logorrhea (an online dictionary of obscure and rare words), the Compendium of Lost Words (a compilation of ultra-rare forgotten words), and many other glossaries, word lists, essays, and other language and etymology resources. If you have a question, comment, addition, or suggestion, feel free to e-mail me. Happy word-hunting!
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  #55  
Old 13 Sep 13, 05:41
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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Google's Quest to Eliminate the Language Barrier

From Der Spiegel - Translate This: Google's Quest to Eliminate the Language Barrier

http://www.spiegel.de/international/...-a-921646.html

excerpt

Franz Josef Och, 41, has long been focused on a single goal: to build the perfect translation computer, a machine that is so inconspicuous and fast "that you hardly notice it all, except as a whisper in your ear," a device that can promptly spit out any text, the content of a website or a conversation in any other language.
For Och, what could amount to trouble-free travel for tourists and a grim future for many interpreters is in fact much more: a path to artificial intelligence. Even as a teenager, he dreamed of machines that could simulate uniquely human attributes.
Och studied computer science and eventually earned a Ph.D., writing his dissertation on artificial intelligence. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), part of the United States Department of Defense, brought him to California. In 2004, Och received a call from Google founder Larry Page, who asked: Don't you want to scale up? Och was given his own department, Google Translate.
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  #56  
Old 13 Sep 13, 11:34
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However if you have ever used Google Translate on a military history article, you will quickly come to the conclusion that computers still have a very difficult time in determining the correct context on which to base a translation.
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Last edited by GCoyote; 29 Sep 13 at 15:41..
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  #57  
Old 29 Sep 13, 07:21
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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From Technology Review.com: How Google Converted Language Translation into a Problem of Vector Space Mathematics

http://www.technologyreview.com/view...e-mathematics/

excerpt

The new approach is relatively straightforward. It relies on the notion that every language must describe a similar set of ideas, so the words that do this must also be similar. For example, most languages will have words for common animals such as cat, dog, cow and so on. And these words are probably used in the same way in sentences such as “a cat is an animal that is smaller than a dog.”
The same is true of numbers. The image above shows the vector representations of the numbers one to five in English and Spanish and demonstrates how similar they are.
This is an important clue. The new trick is to represent an entire language using the relationship between its words. The set of all the relationships, the so-called “language space”, can be thought of as a set of vectors that each point from one word to another. And in recent years, linguists have discovered that it is possible to handle these vectors mathematically. For example, the operation ‘king’ – ‘man’ + ‘woman’ results in a vector that is similar to ‘queen’.
It turns out that different languages share many similarities in this vector space. That means the process of converting one language into another is equivalent to finding the transformation that converts one vector space into the other.
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  #58  
Old 01 Nov 13, 19:03
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Link to the Radio Bremen website, which includes the daily news. The language of Radio Bremen is Plattdeutsche or lower German. Plattdeutsche is closer to English than the standard "High German" or Hochdeutsch which is taught to foreigners and is used by Germans of different dialects when they are speaking to each other. The version of Plattdeutsch from the Frisian Islands near The Netherlands is even closer to English.

http://www.radiobremen.de/bremeneins...2941625098241#!


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low_German

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisian_languages

Last edited by lakechampainer; 01 Nov 13 at 21:48..
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  #59  
Old 31 Mar 14, 12:57
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lakechampainer View Post
Some Godfather names run through Google Translate:

Clemenza - Clemency
Abandanno - abandonment
Neri - blacks
Fontane - fountains
Gatto - cat
Lampone - raspberry
Rossi - red
Brasi - Brazilian
Hagen (German) - hook (haken)
Ola (Spanish) - wave
Mancini - left-handed
Cuneo - wedge
Valenti - valiant
Vitelli - calves
Calo - drop
Falcone - falcon
Molinari - millers
Tessio (Tessitore) - weaver
Rosato (Brothers) - pinkish
Tramonti - sunsets
Fabrizzio (fabbricando) - fabricating
Bocchicchio (boccaglio) -mouthpiece
Corleone (Coeur de Lion) - Lionhearted (French)


and of course Bonasera (buonasera) - good evening
of course, "Peter" Clemenza - like St. Peter - the "rock" upon which Vito built his organization
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  #60  
Old 07 Sep 14, 21:59
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lakechampainer is simply cracking [600]
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From Wikipedia: 88 Modern Constellations in Different Languages

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/88_mode...rent_languages
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