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Go Back   Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History > Historical Events & Eras > Warfare Through the Ages

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Warfare Through the Ages Roman, Greek, Japanese, etc. Topics cover all manner of pre-modern warfare and empire-building and crushing.

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  #751  
Old 03 Feb 06, 02:32
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United States Marine Corps History (Timeline)



3rd February



1799
- Martinique
Marines on board frigate United States assist in sinking the French privateer L'Amour de la Patrie off the island of Martinique.

1801
- Quasi War
The treaty ending the Quasi War with France is ratified by the U.S. Senate.

1852
- Argentina
Marines from the Brazil Squadron join British and French forces ashore to protect international lives and property in Buenos Aires, Argentina, during a revolution. In a skirmish with looters, the Marines kill four of them, and order soon returns.

1911
- Commandants
Following a long period of political indecision over the selection, President Taft confirms the acting Commandant, Colonel William P. Biddle, as the 11th Commandant of the Marine Corps.

1929
- Nicaragua
Lieutenant Herman Hanneken and a small patrol of Marines capture Manuel Jiron, one of Sandino's most effective generals.

1932
- China
Cruiser Houston (CL-30) lands her Marine detachment to reinforce the 4th Marines in Shanghai. Another 334 officers and men from other Pacific commands also arrive around this time.

1941
- Bases
A Marine Corps Air Station is established at Oahu's Ewa Mooring Mast Field (originally constructed for dirigibles in the 1920s) when the 2nd Marine Aircraft Group deploys there from Ford Island.

1945
- Carrier Air
VMF-216 and 217 begin going on board carrier Wasp (CV-18) at Ulithi, as part of the program to add fighter planes to fleet carriers to deal with the kamikazes. VMF-511 goes aboard escort carrier Block Island (CVE-106), the first results of the program to provide Marine air support for amphibious assaults.

1947
- China
The 1st Marine Division receives orders to cover the withdrawal of U.S. personnel from Peiping and prepare for its own departure from the country.

- Force Structure
The first Volunteer Training Unit (VTU) is formed in Chicago. The VTU allows reservists not joined to a tactical unit to conduct some individual training, usually in staff or specialist fields.

1950
- Force Structure
3/5 rejoins the 5th Marines at Camp Pendletion and VMF-218 reports to El Toro.

1953
- Korea
1/5 conducts a daylight raid against Hills 31 and 31A, inflicting an estimated 400 casualties at a loss of 41 killed and 91 wounded.

1955
- Force Structure
The 3rd Engineer Battalion moves from Japan to its new home base on Okinawa. This marks the begining of a gradual shift of 3rd Marine Division from Japan to Okinawa, which is still under U.S. administration.

1960
- Force Structure
Commandant Shoup announces that due to increased personnel stability arising from the success of the four-year enlistment program, it will be possible to reactivate two of the recently disbanded six infantry battalions.

1971
- Manpower
The Marine Corps convenes a board to determine which lieutenant colonels, majors, and captains should be released from active duty to meet manpower reduction requirements.

1998
- Mishap
A Marine EA-6B on a training mission in Italy flies through a cable and sends a ski gondola crashing to the ground, killing 20 people.

Semper Fi!

(C) USMC: A Complete History by Marine Corps Association
  #752  
Old 03 Feb 06, 11:36
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1797 - Battle of Imola. French troops routed Papal army.

1807 - Deciding that Beunos Aires was too much trouble, Auchmuty said "the he** with it" and captured Montevideo on the Uraguayan side of the River Platte.

1813 - Battle of Niquitas. Bolivar's Comlumbian Patriots defeated Spanish Royalists.

1852 - Battle of Monte Caseros. Insurgents defeat Argentine President Rosas, who fled to England ending Gaucho domination in the Argentine Republic.

1955 - After months of prodding by U.S. advisors, South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem introduces the first in a series of agrarian reform measures. This first measure was a decree governing levels of rent for farmland.

U.S. officials had strongly urged that Diem institute such reforms to win the support of the common people, but later critics maintained his land reform program began too late, progressed too slowly, and never went far enough. What the South Vietnamese farmers wanted was a redistribution of land from the absentee landlords to those that actually worked the fields, but Diem's program to return the land to the tiller was implemented halfheartedly and did little to meet the rising appetite for land among South Vietnam's rural population. Provisions for payment by peasants granted land created unnecessary hardships. Although 1 million tenants received some relief, more than 1 million received no land at all, and the lack of impartial enforcement agencies crippled many potential benefits. Instead of redistributing land to the poor, Diem's land reform program ended up taking back what the peasants had been given by the Viet Minh and returning it to the landlords, forcing peasants to pay for the land they considered theirs on impossible terms. In 1960, 75 percent of the land was owned by 15 percent of the people. The communists capitalized on unresolved peasant unrest throughout Diem's regime. Discontent towards Diem reached its height when dissident South Vietnamese officers murdered him during a coup in November 1963.

1970 - The Senate Foreign Relations Committee opens hearings on the conduct of the war by the Nixon administration. Senator Charles Goodell (R-New York) said that Vietnamization (President Richard Nixon's program to transfer war responsibility to the South Vietnamese) had been a "great public relations success." Taking exception with Senator Goodell's assessment, Senators Harold Hughes (D-Iowa), Thomas Eagleton (D-Missouri), and Alan Cranston (D-California) testified in support of a Senate resolution calling for the termination of the American commitment to South Vietnam unless the Saigon government took steps to broaden its cabinet, stop press censorship, and release political prisoners.
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  #753  
Old 04 Feb 06, 03:03
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February 4


Born...

1698 Heinrich A Fouque, Prussian General
1747 Tadeusz Kosciusko, Polish and American patriot
1764 Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French Vice-Admiral/Minister of Navy
1819 Emperor Norton I of America (Joshua Norton)
1826 Halbert Eleazer Paine, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1905
1881 Kliment J Woroshilov, Marshal/President U.S.S.R., 1953-60
1895 Hanns (Johann) Rauter, SS-Lt-General/SS police chief in the Netherlands
1902 Charles A Lindbergh... isolationist, pilot, first to fly the Atlantic solo.
1903 Frank Howley, Hampton, Brig General, Answers for Americans
1917 Aga Yahya Khan, Pakistan military/politician
1929 Mary Joan Nielubowicz, Rear Admiral/nurse

Died...
211 Lucius Septimus Severus, Emperor of Rome (193-211), at 64
1505 Joan of Valois, Queen of France/saint, at 40
1781 Willem Crul, Admiral (West-Indies), in battle at 59
1911 Peter A "Piet" Cronje, South Africa Boer General, at about 75

Event...
634 Arabs defeat Byzantines at Gaza .
900 Louis III, crowned King of Germany
1508 Maximilian I assumes Holy Roman imperial title without being crowned
1620 Prince Bethlen Gabor signs peace with emperor Ferdinand II
1697 Led from Acadia by Father Louis-Tierre Thury, 150 Abenaki Indians attack the English settlement of York. Homes are pillaged and burned, although 30 settlers manage to hold off the attack on their stockade.
1779 John Paul Jones takes command... Duc de Duras was procured from France by Benjamin Franklin. Jones promptly renamed her Bonhomme Richard in honor of Franklin & his earlier literary endeavors in common sense known as Poor Richards Almanac.
1782 British garrison surrenders to French and Spanish fleet
1787 Shays' Rebellion fails
1807 French capture Amantea, Calabria. This after a month's siege and heavy losses.
1809 British take their first French eagles: 62nd & 80th Regiments on Martinique.
1813 A small armed party from Ft. Wellington (Prescott, Ont.) crosses the St. Lawrence to Ogdensburg, N.Y. in search of recent deserters. A number of them are apprehended and sent to the Elizabethtown (Brockville, Ont.) district jail pending a court martial.
1861 Confederate constitutional convention meets in Montgomery, Alabama
1865 Robert E Lee is named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Army
1899 Philippine "Insurrection" begins
1932 Japanese troops attack & occupy Harbin, Manchuria
1938 Hitler seizes direct control of German Army and puts Nazis in key posts.
1940 U.S. passenger liner Manhattan, detained at Gibraltar the previous day, is released, but not before British authorities seize 390 sacks of German mail. American diplomatic mail pouches, however, are not disturbed.
1941 United Service Organization (USO) founded
1942 Clinton Pierce becomes 1st U.S. General wounded in action in WW II
1941 Action in the Pacific:
*Search for submarine off Oahu, begun the previous day, continues. After destroyers USS Dale and USS Hull return to Pearl Harbor, destroyers USS Flusser and USS Drayton join USS Lamson in the hunt. Ultimately, however, the search is called off.
1941 Action in the Atlantic:
*US Fleet Landing Exercise (FLEX) No. 7 begins in Culebra-Vieques, Puerto Rico, area, with all available ships of the Atlantic Fleet and elements of the 1st Marine Division and the U.S. Army's First Division, to train "Army and Navy Forces in the amphibious operations incident to a Joint Overseas Expedition." Unlike FLEX No. 6 in 1940, bona fide transports are available for, and participate in, the maneuvers.
1941 British tanks occupy Maus Libya.
1942 Action in the Pacific:
*Last Australian troops on Amboina surrender.
*Australian-New Zealand naval command is established under comand of Vice Admiral H. Fairfax Leary.
*Japanese reconnaissance flying boats (Toko Kokutai) contact and shadow allied force (Rear Admiral Karel W.F.M. Doorman, RNN) of four cruisers and accompanying destroyers (sighted the previous day by 1st Kokutai aircraft) attempting transit of Madoera Strait to attack Japanese Borneo invasion fleet. On the strength of that intelligence, Japanese naval land attack planes (Takao, Kanoya, and 1st Kokutais) bomb Doorman's ships, damaging heavy cruiser USS Houston (1st Kokutai) and light cruiser USS Marblehead (Kanoya Kokutai), 07°23'S, 115°47'E. Dutch light cruisers De Ruyter and Tromp are slightly damaged by near-misses (1st Kokutai). USS Marblehead's extensive damage (only by masterful seamanship and heroic effort does she reach Tjilatjap after the battle) results in her being sent back to the United States via Ceylon and South Africa; despite the loss of turret III (one-third of her main battery), USS Houston, however, remains.
*(US) Asiatic Fleet ceases to exist organizationally (not formally abolished). Units of Asiatic Fleet are organized into Naval Forces, Southwest Pacific Area.
*Submarine USS Sculpin torpedoes Japanese destroyer IJN Sukukaze as the latter patrols off Staring Bay, south of Kendari, Celebes, 04°00'S, 123°00'E.
*Japanese ships sortie from Rabaul to pull troops from Guadalcanal
*U.S. lands reinforcements and supplies on Guadalcanal.
1942 Action in the Atlantic:
*U.S. tanker India Arrow is torpedoed, shelled, and sunk by German submarine U-103 about 20 miles southeast of Cape May, New Jersey, 38°48'N, 73°40'W. Two of her men perish when the ship is shelled; 24 drown when two lifeboats are swamped. Fishing skiff Gitana rescues the 12 survivors 12 miles off Atlantic City, New Jersey.
*Canadian armed merchant cruiser HMCS Alcantara comes across lifeboat from torpedoed U.S. tanker W.L. Steed (sunk by German submarine U-103 on 2 February) and rescues the three survivors she finds.
1942 Action in the Med:
*Veteran Aus 9th Div sails from Suez after two years in North Africa.
1943 Action in the Pacific:
*SBDs, TBFs, F4Fs, and USAAF P-40s from Henderson Field attack Japanese destroyer force en route to evacuate Japanese troops from Guadalcanal, damaging IJN Shirayuki (flagship), IJN Maikaze, IJN Kuroshio, and IJN Kawakaze. Admiral Hashimoto's force, however, extracts 3,921 soldiers. SOC (VCS Detachment RINGBOLT) sights, tracks, and illuminates the Japanese ships.
*Submarine USS Tunny damages Japanese transport Tatsuwa Maru in the South China Sea, 21°30'N, 113°42'E.
1943 Action in the Atlantic:
*German submarines attack convoy SC 118; Coast Guard cutter USCG Bibb pinpoints location of U-187, which is sunk by British destroyers HMS Vimy and HMS Beverly, 50°12'N, 36°34'W. USCG Bibb later participates in driving off the four U-boats that try to close the convoy during the night.
1944 Japanese launch major offensive against British in the Arakan, Burma.
1944 Action in the Pacific:
*TG 94.6 cruisers and destroyers bombard Japanese installations at Paramushiro, Kuril Islands, damaging cargo ship Kokai Maru.
*Destroyers bombard Sarine Plantation, northwest coast of Bougainville, Solomon Islands; destroyer USS Claxton is damaged by return fire from Japanese shore battery, 05°49'S, 154°39'E.
*Destroyer USS Charrette and destroyer escort USS Fair sink Japanese submarine I-175, 100 miles north of Jaluit, Marshalls, 06°48'N, 168°08'E.
*PV-1s sink Japanese water tanker Goryu Maru off Emidj Island, Jaluit, 06°00'N, 169°44'E.
*USMC PB4Ys (VMD 154) reconnoiter Truk in the first general reconnaissance of that important Japanese fleet base by U.S. planes.
*US 7th Infantry Division completes capture of Kwajalein.
1945 FDR, Churchill, & Stalin meet at Yalta... (ARGONAUT) Conference attended by President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Churchill, and Russian Premier Stalin, begins. Matters discussed include the timing of the Russian entry into the war against Japan, and three postwar issues: the division of Germany, the extent of the Soviet sphere of influence in Europe, and the status of Poland.
1945 Action in the Pacific:
*Submarine USS Barbel is sunk by Japanese naval aircraft in South China Sea, between Borneo and Palawan, 07°49.5'N, 116°47.5'E.3
*Submarine USS Pargo bombards Woody Island east of Tourane, French Indochina, destroying Japanese weather station and radio equipment, administration building, a jetty, and several fishing boats.
*Submarine USS Spadefish sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Tairai Maru in the Yellow Sea off the west coast of Korea, 37°18'N, 125°22'E.
1959 Keel of USS Enterprise. Laid at Newport News, it becomes the worlds first nuclear aircraft carrier.
1961 Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure
1965 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1967 U.S. launches Lunar Orbiter 3.
1970 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1971 Apollo 14 lander Antares lands on Moon. (Shepard and Mitchell)
1972 6th round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks ends in Vienna Austria.
1973 Reshef, Israel's missile boat, unveiled.
1976 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1985 Naval exercises canceled when U.S. refuses to tell NZ of nuclear weapons.
1986 Israeli fighters intercept Libyan passenger plane.
1988 Panamanian leader General Manuel Noriega indicted on drug charges.
1993 Russian space agency tests a 82' wide space mirror.
1993 Admiral Studeman, ends term as acting director of CIA.
1994 20 die in armed assault on mosque in Khartum Sudan.
1997 73 Israelis die when army copters collide.

__________________
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  #754  
Old 04 Feb 06, 06:01
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1860 - Spanish capture Tetuan, Morroco.

1962 - The first U.S. helicopter is shot down in Vietnam. This helicopter was transporting South Vietnamese troops in the Mekong Delta area.

1965 - McGeorge Bundy, American Special Assistant for National Security, arrives in Saigon for talks with Maxwell Taylor, U.S. Ambassador General. This same day, in North Vietnam, Soviet Prime Minister Aleksei Kosygin arrives in Hanoi.

1972 - A force of 824 Thai soldiers serving in South Vietnam, departs.
__________________
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Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans



Last edited by Cap. Teancum; 04 Feb 06 at 06:23..
  #755  
Old 05 Feb 06, 00:33
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February 5

Born...
1723 John Witherspoon, clergyman/signed Declaration of Independence
1788 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British conservative PM/founder Bobbies
1840 Hiram Stevens Maxim, inventor of the practical machine gun/automatic single barrel rifle.
1897 Dirk U Stikker, director, Heineken/Dutch FM/NATO
1910 Martha van Och-Scholl, German/Dutch resistance fighter, WW II
1935 John J "Jannie" Geldenhuys, Supreme Commander - South Africa Army.
1947 Mary Louise Cleave, PhD/Astronaut, STS 61-B, STS 30.

Died...
45 -BC- Cato Uticensis, an opponent of Julius Caesar commits suicide.
1721 James Stanhope, 1st Earl of Stanhope, English General, at 47.
1822 Ali Pasha of Ianninia (Janina), Turkish governor.
1911 Petrus A Cronjé, Transvaal Boer General.
1922 Christiaan R de Wet, Boer General, at 67.
1943 Wim Gertenbach, Dutch resistance fighter (Slogan), shot by Nazis.
1943 General Hendrik Seyffardt, Dutch Quisling, killed by the Resistance.
1947 Ganzefles, Dutch nazi spy/Jew hunter, executed.
1948 Johann Blaskowitz, German General (surrendered at Wageningen), at 64.
1994 Hermann Abs, German banker to Adolph Hitler and Adrian Adenauer, at 92.

Events...
1488 Belgium: German Emperor Maximilian I caught.
1512 Europe: French troops under Gaston de Foix rescues Bologna.
1556 Europe: Kings Henri I and Philip II sign Treaty of Vaucelles.
1649 England: Prince of Wales becomes King Charles II.
1679 Europe: German Emperor Leopold I signs peace treaty with France.
1782 Western Mediterranean: Spanish recapture Minorca from English.
1795 Zealand Netherlands surrenders to French General Michaud
1831 Belgium: Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30.
1849 Italia: Liberals proclaim "The Republic of Rome".
1855 China: The crew of USS Plymouth skirmish with Chinese troops.
1864 USA/CSA: Union troops occupy Jackson, Mississippi.
1865 USA/CSA: Battle of Hatcher's Run/Armstrong's Mill/Dabney's Mill, Va.
1875 Panama: Commander Edward Lull (USN) begins an expedition to locate the best route for a ship canal. The route he established was followed 30 years later in the construction of the Panama Canal to allow for seaborne trafic between the Pacific & Atlantic oceans.
1885 "Congo Free State": Leopold II of the Belgians establishes the murderous state.
1885 Nile: The column of British troops moving up the Nile River to relieve Khartoum halts today after news is received of the city's fall. Amongst the relief force is a contingent of 400 Canadian voyageurs who have been employed in manoeuvering the supply boats through the various river hazards. The only casualties suffered are those from tropical diseases.
1900 Natal: British troops under General Buller occupy Vaal Krantz.
1904 Cuba: American occupation ends.
1918 US: The 1st Marine Replacement Battalion sails for France in WW I.
1918 Europe: Stephen W Thompson is the first American pilot to down an enemy airplane.
1933 Dutch/German boundary passes. Marinus van der Lubbe has brought forth something of significant relivence in the near future.
1940 Dutch Supreme Commander: General Winckelman replaces General Reijnders.
1942 Action in the Pacific:
*Submarine tender USS Canopus is damaged by bombs, Lilimbom Cove, Mariveles, P.I.
*Submarine USS Pollack torpedoes Japanese cargo ship Heijo Maru 80 miles east-southeast of Tokyo Bay, Honshu, 34°15'N, 140°08'E.
*Singapore: heavy Japanese artillery fire from across the Straits of Johore. Final elements of the British 18th Div arrive, by sea!
1943 Action in the Pacific:
*TG 67.2 bombards airfield and installations at Munda, New Georgia, Solomons. After the rest of TF 67 joins TG 67.2, Japanese planes attack the force, near-missing light cruiser USS Honolulu and damaging New Zealand light cruiser HMNZS Achilles, 18 miles south of Cape Hunter, Guadalcanal. In the action, light cruiser USS Helena becomes the first U.S. Navy ship to use Mk. 32 proximity-fuzed projectiles in combat, downing a Japanese Aichi Type 99 carrier bomber (VAL) with her second salvo.
*CAM Div continues advancing on Guadalcanal. Japanese warships evacuate thousands of troops.
*USAAF B-17s and B-24s bomb Japanese shipping at Rabaul, New Guinea.
1943 Action in the Atlantic:
*Last nine survivors (including the Armed Guard unit commander) of U.S. freighter Alaskan, sunk by German submarine U-172 on 28 November 1942, utilizing a bailed-out lifeboat, reach Cayenne, French Guiana.
1943 Action in Europe:
*Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt.
*Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission.
1944 Action in the Pacific:
*US declares Kwajelein secured Japanese losses are 5,100, U.S. 142 dead.
*Submarine USS Rasher sinks Japanese tanker Kiyo Maru (ex-Norwegian Vigrid), in South China Sea, 05°46'N, 108°36'E.
*Aerial minelaying operations in the Marshalls continue: one PBY-5 (VP 72), flying from Tarawa, mines Schischmarov Strait, Wotje.
*Japanese guardboat No.5 Fukuyoshi Maru is wrecked following attack by USAAF B-24, Wotje Atoll, Marshalls.
1944 Action in the Atlantic:
PBM-3S (VP 203) sights German blockade runner Burgenland and summons light cruiser USS Omaha and destroyer USS Jouett. Gunfire and scuttling charges sink Burgenland, 07°29'S, 25°37'W.
1944 Action in Europe:
*The Perth Regiment is on meal parade this afternoon, near the Ortona sector of the Italian theater. A single German mortar lands in the midst of the troops, killing nineteen and wounding eighteen.
*358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin.
1945 British PM Churchill arrives in Yalta
1945 Action in the Pacific:
*Troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
*Australian troops land on New Britain, further sealing off Rabaul.
*Japanese air attacks continue against Lingayen Gulf- bound forces in the teeth of heavy antiaircraft fire and combat air patrol. Of the minesweeping group, infantry landing craft (gunboat) LCI(G)-70 is damaged by kamikaze, small seaplane tender USS Orca and fleet tug Apache are damaged by near-misses of suiciders, 15°36'N, 119°20'E and 15°53'N, 120°00'E, respectively. Kamikazes attacking the bombardment and escort carrier groups succeed in damaging heavy cruiser USS Louisville and destroyer USS Helm, 15°00'N, 119°00'E, escort carriers USS Manila Bay, 14°50'N, 119°10'E, and USS Savo Island, 14°50'N,119°00'E, and destroyer escort USS Stafford, 14°00'N, 120°00'E. Suiciders also damage Australian heavy cruiser HMAS Australia and destroyer HMAS Arunta. Japanese escort destroyers approach minesweeping group but turn away at approach of destroyer USS Bennion and Australian frigate HMAS Gascoyne and sloop HMAS Warrego; subsequently, planes from TG 77.4 (escort carrier group) sink Momi 20 miles southwest of entrance to Manila Bay, 14°00'N, 120°20'E, and damage Hinoki and Sugi west of Manila Bay. TG 94.9, three heavy cruisers and six destroyers, together with USAAF B-24s (escorted by P-38s) jointly pound Japanese shipping and installations on Chichi Jima, Haha Jima, and Iwo Jima, Bonins. Approaching Chichi Jima, USS Dunlap, USS Fanning and USS Cummings damage landing ship T.107; USS Fanning sinks her, 26°27'N, 141°11'E. Off Chichi Jima, USS David W. Taylor is damaged by mine, 27°04'N,142°06'E, destroyer USS Fanning by gunfire. Off Iwo Jima, USS Dunlap, USS Cummings, USS Ellet and USS Roe sink landing ship T.154, 24°27'N, 141°20'E.
*TF 92, three light cruisers and nine destroyers, bombards Japanese installations (airfield and fish canneries) at Suribachi Wan, Paramushiro, Kurils.
*Destroyer escort USS Edwin A. Howard is damaged in collision with destroyer escort USS Leland E. Thomas off Mindanao, 09°48'N, 127°15'E.
*Minelayer USS Monadnock is damaged by grounding off Ilin Island Luzon, 12°22'N, 121°01'E.
*Submarine USS Cavalla sinks Japanese auxiliary netlayers Kanko Maru and Shunsen Maru in Java Sea, 05°00'S,112°16'E.
*Destroyer escort USS Brackett shells Japanese installations on Taroa, Marshalls.
*PB4Y-1s (VPB 111) sink Japanese midget submarine Ha.71 two miles southwest of Chichi Jima.
1958 UAR: Gamel Abdel Nasser nominated 1st president of United Arab Republic.
1958 US: Vanguard TV-3 back-up launches into Earth orbit; reaches 6 km
1962 France: President de Gaulle calls for Algeria's independence.
1963 Soviets lunar probe failure. The USSR suffered many unmanned lunar expeditionary failures in their quest to study the Earths own satelite.
1967 Nicaragua: Anastasio Somoza elected President. He was the 4th graduate of West Point to be elected President somewhere in the world.
1968 US: First Male Nurse Corps officer in Regular Navy, LT Clarence W. Cote.
1970 US: Nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1973 Funeral for Lt Col William Nolde. He was the last US soldier killed in Vietnam War.
1974 U.S. Mariner 10 returns 1st close-up photos of Venus' cloud structure.
1980 Egypt: Parliament votes to end boycott of Israel
1983 France: Former Gestapo (Nazi) official Klaus Barbie was finally brought to trial in Lyon.
1987 USSR: Soyuz TM-2 launches.
1993 Grenade explodes in Sarajevo: killing 63 and injuring 160.

__________________
On the Plains of Hesitation lie the blackened bones of countless millions who, at the dawn of victory, sat down to rest-and resting... died. Adlai E. Stevenson

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  #756  
Old 05 Feb 06, 09:57
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1918 - HMS Tuscania is after being torpedoed sinks. A great deal of information about the ship and its history can be cheacked at:

http://www.ukdiving.co.uk/wrecks/wreck.php?id=187

1975 - General Van Tien Dung secretly crosses into South Vietnam to take command of the final offensive.

1989 - The last Soviet troops leave Kabul in Afghanistan and on the 16th they would leave the country for good. Read more at:

http://partners.nytimes.com/library/...d=Eutttn-uFBqv
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  #757  
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February 6

Born...
1637 Toyotomi Hideyoshi, unifier of Japan
1665 Anne Stuart, Queen of England (1702-14)
1756 Aaron Burr, Revolutionary War officer, 3rd VP, 1801-1805, duelist
1830 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1865
1832 John Brown Gordon, Maj Gen, C.S.A., d. 1904
1833 James Ewell Brown "JEB" Stuart, Major General Confederate Army, KIA, 1864
1834 William Dorsey Pender, Maj Gen, C.S.A., d/w 1863
1890 Anton Hermann Fokker, avation pioneer
1908 Edward Lansdale, General/model, Quiet American, Ugly American
1911 Ronald Reagan, Cavalry Lt/USAAF Capt, FMPU; personnel officer 9th AF, 40th President. 1981-89
1912 Eva Braun, mistress of Adolph Hitler
1961 Yuri Ivanovich Onufriyenko, Russian Major/Cosmonaut, Mir, Soyuz TM-23
Died...
891 Photius, Byzantine theologist/Patriarch of Constantinople
1685 King Charles II of Great Britain
1695 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
1699 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II
1865 John Pegram, U.S. Confederate Brig General, KIA at 33
1943 HA Seyffardt, Dutch Lt-General/NSB "minister", at 71
1952 George VI, veteran of Jutland, King of Britain (1936-52)
Events...
307 End of the Chinese "War of the Eight Princes"
1508 Maximilian I becomes Holy Roman Emperor
1577 King Henri of Navarre becames leader of the French Huguenots.
1626 Huguenot rebels & French sign Peace of La Rochelle
1778 England declares war on France.
1778 France recognizes US, signs treaty of aid in Paris.
1782 Pto Mahon, Menorca, surrenders to the French, to commemorate which, mayonnaise is invented.
1832 US ship destroys Sumatran village in retaliation for piracy
1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Diemen's Land (Tasmania)
1840 Waitangi Day; treaty signed between Britain and Maoris of New Zealand
1861 English Admiral Robert Ritzroy issues 1st storm warnings for ships
1862 General Grant initiates a campaign in Mississippi Valley.
1862 Union gunboat squadron captures Fort Henry, Tennessee River after naval engagement between USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle occurs.
1864 Skirmish at Barnett's Ford Virginia
1865 2nd day of battle at Dabney's Mills (Hatcher's Run)
1899 Spanish-American War officially ends
1900 Battle at Vaalkrans, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
1919 The last Canadian troops march out of German territory, ending their occupation duty. It is the Canadian Corps of Cyclists Battalion which brings up the rear of the Canadian Corps.
1920 Saarland administrated by League of Nations.
1922 Washington Naval Treaty: US, UK, Japan, France, Italy sign the disarmament treaty which was to provide for the limitation of naval armament of the pre-eminent & up & coming world naval powers.
1933 President von Hindenburg and von Papen end Prussian parliament
1939 Spanish Republican government flees to France
1940 German freighter Konsul Horn, which had departed Aruba on 7 January, reaches Norwegian waters having eluded or deceived the U.S. Neutrality Patrol as well as British and French warships.
1941 Battle of Beda Fomm: Italian Tenth Army destroyed by the British WDF
1941 British troops capture Bengazi, Libya
1942 Naval Coastal Frontiers--Eastern, Gulf, Caribbean, Panama, Hawaiian, Northwest, Western, Philippine--are redesignated as Sea Frontiers.
1942 U.S. and Britain establish Combined Chiefs of Staff.
1942 Action in the Pacific:
*Japanese land reinforcements at Lingayen Gulf.
*Japanese make local attacks on Bataan, but are beaten off.
*Japanese artillery on the Cavite coast, near Ternate, shell Corregidor, Fort Hughes, Fort Frank, Fort Drum and anchorage of Inshore Patrol off South Harbor, Corregidor; river gunboat Luzon is hit by a shell in her vacant admiral's quarters; there are no casualties.
1942 Action in the Atlantic:
*Unarmed U.S. freighter Major Wheeler, en route from Fajardo, Puerto Rico, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-107. There are no survivors from the 35-man crew.
*British freighter Hartlepool comes across lifeboat from torpedoed U.S. tanker W.L. Steed (sunk by German submarine U-103 on 2 February) and rescues the two survivors she finds; one of them will die in hospital on 10 February of exposure.
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine Flying USS Fish damages transport Nagizan Maru off Tinian, Marianas.
*USAAF planes sink Japanese cargo ship Gisho Maru, 04°30'S, 151°30'E.
*Japanese lose 24 aircraft in an attack on the Wau airfield, New Guinea.
*CAM Div reaches the Umasani River on Guadalcanal.
1943 Atlantic:
Efforts to protect SC 118 continue; USS Babbitt helps prevent attacks by three U-boats attempting to close the convoy.
1943 North African Theater of Operations under command of Lt. General Dwight D. Eisenhower is established.
1944 Burma:
*Chinese troops advance from the north.
*British Chindits begin infiltrating into the Japanese rear areas at every chance.
1944 Pacific:
USAAF A-20s and P-40s sink Japanese ships Kaiyu Maru and Takegiku Maru and damage Torihime Maru off Wewak.
1944 Atlantic:
PB4Y-1 (VB 107) sinks German submarine U-177 west of Ascension Island, 10°35'S, 23°12'W.
1945 Pacific:
*Battle for Manila, begins in earnest
*Over 4,000 American POWs are freed from prison camps on Luzon.
*Submarine USS Pampanito, attacking Japanese convoy, sinks merchant tanker Engen Maru about 200 miles northeast of Singapore, 06°22'N, 106°00'E.
*Submarine USS Spadefish (SS-411) sinks Japanese merchant passenger/cargo ship Shohei Maru off Port Arthur, Korea, 38°46'N, 121°28'E.
*Navy PB4Ys attack Japanese convoy in the Sakishima- Okinawa area, sinking small cargo ship No.77 Ume Maru.
*USAAF planes sink Japanese cargo ship No.3 Kinyu Maru at 12°50'N, 109°23'E.
*Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No.12 is damaged by aircraft, 36 miles northwest of Chichi Jima.
*Japanese tanker Obi Maru is sunk by mine laid by USAAF B-29 (20th Bomber Command) on 25 January in Johore Strait, 01°09'N, 103°36'E.
*Japanese hybrid battleship/carrier IJN Ise is damaged by mine, Singapore.
1945 Indian Ocean:
U.S. freighter Peter Silvester is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-862 in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of Australia, 34°19'S, 99°37'E; 7 of the 26-man Armed Guard perish with the ship.
1945 Europe:
*Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
*8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
*U.S. freighter Henry B. Plant, in Antwerp-bound convoy TAM 71, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-245 at 51°19'24"N, 01°42'30"W; 7 of the 28-man Armed Guard perish in the abandonment. British minesweeper HMS Hazard and HM Trawler Sir Lancelot rescue survivors.
1951 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site Argonne Atomic Lab (Ill)
1959 Missile Launch: US successfully tests the Titan Inter-Continetal Ballistic Missile.
1973 Vietnam: In accordance with the agreement at the Paris Peace Talks, Navy Task Force 78 begins Operation End Sweep, the mine clearance of North Vietnamese waters of mines laid in 1972.
1975 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 Lebanon: Muslim militiamen take over West Beirut from Lebanese Army
1984 Muslim militiamen take over West Beirut from Lebanese Army
1988 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk U.S.S.R.

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  #758  
Old 06 Feb 06, 11:36
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1917 - Germans sunk the SS California.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1917_02_06.htm

http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...1&cat=16369391

1962 - MACV, the U.S. Military Assistance Command for Vietnam, is formed. It replaces MAAG-Vietnam, the Military Assistance Advisory Group which had been established in 1950.

http://www.richmond.edu/~ebolt/history398/MACV.html

http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/Vietna...ntrol/ch02.htm

1965 - Viet Cong guerrillas attack the U.S. military compound at Pleiku in the Central Highlands, killing eight Americans, wounding 126 and destroying ten aircraft.
This one is treaky. There's sites refering that it actually happened on the 7th

http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/vietnam/anderson.htm

My source for the 6th

http://www.historyplace.com/unitedst...ndex-1965.html

1966 - President Johnson and South Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky meet in Honolulu. This meating would go on till the 9th of February.
__________________
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Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans



Last edited by Cap. Teancum; 06 Feb 06 at 11:42..
  #759  
Old 07 Feb 06, 01:42
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February 7

Born...
1478
Thomas More, lawyer/Lord Chancellor of England
1693 Anna Ivanova Romanova, Empress of Russia, 1730-40
1740 Adam-Philippe Custine, French Earl/General/MP
1817 Frederick Douglass, American
1817 Leroy Pope Walker, U.S. lawyer/Brig General/Confederate minister of War, 1861 d. 1884
1906 Henry Pu-yi, "The Last Emperor" of China, puppet Emperor of Manchukuo.
1926 Konstantin Petrovich Feokistov, U.S.S.R., Cosmonaut, Voskhod I
1932 Alfred M Worden, Jackson Michigan, Colonel USAF/Astronaut, Apollo 15.

Died...
1529 Count Baldassare Castiglione, the ultimate Courtier, b. 1478
1609 Archduke Ferdinand I of Tuscany
1857 Felix, Count of Merode, Belgian Minister of War, at 65
1865 John Henry Winder, U.S. Confederate Brig-General/provost marshal, at 64
1878 Pius IX (Giovanni Ferretti), reactionary pope (1846-1878)
1920 Alexander Koltsjak, Amiral/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
1921 Prince Peter Kropotkin, Revolutionary anarchist, at 78
1937 Elihu Root, Secretary of War (1901-1905), State, Nobelist, at 91
1999 King Hussein of Jordan (1952-1999), of cancer at 63.

Events...
1522 Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish/Austrian branches.
1569 King Philip II forms inquistion in South America.
1609 Duke Ferdinand I of Tuscany, Cardinal and patron of Galileo
1613 Michail Romanov (16) becomes Czar of Russia.
1792 Austria and Prussia sign anti-French covenant.
1795 Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies.
1800 USS Essex becomes first U.S. warship to cross the Equator.
1815 Board of Naval Commissioners, a group of senior officers, is established to oversee the operation and maintenance of the United States Navy, under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy.
1862 Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island, NC.
1864 Federal troops occupy Jacksonville FL.
1867 Three Royal Navy gunboats are in winter quarters around the Great Lakes. HMS Heron is birthed at Toronto; HMS Britomart at Dunnville on Lake Erie; and HMS Cherub at Goderich. The ships have been kept in Canadian waters as a deterent to further attempts by Fenian raiders to invade Ontario.
1881 Battle at Ingogo: Transvaal Boers beat superior British forces.
1883 Lt Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako, Niger.
1900 British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal.
1915 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army.
1933 Dutch troops kill two demonstrators in Suriname.
1933 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead.
1941 Leclerc's Free French attack Italians at Kufra, Libya.(falls Mar 1)
1942 FDR signs Executive Order 9054 establishing War Shipping Administration (WSA) to bring the control and operation of all U.S. merchant shipping under a single head. The WSA's most pressing task is to mobilize the shipping capacity of the country (the majority of which is still in private hands by the end of the year 1941) to bring it under single control so that vessels can be allocated more readily on the basis of overall shipping needs of the U.S. and the Allies.
1942 Action in the Pacific:
*Commander Naval Forces Southwest Pacific Area (Vice Admiral William A. Glassford) establishes headquarters at the port of Tjilatjap, on Java's south coast.
*Yacht Isabel rescues all 187 survivors from Dutch freighter Van Cloon, which had been torpedoed and shelled earlier that day by Japanese submarine I-155 and beached in a sinking condition off Java, 06°25'S, 111°25'E.
*Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-25 reconnoiters Sydney, Australia.
*Japanese submarines RO-61 and RO-62 are damaged in collision, Kwajalein atoll.
1942 Action in the Atlantic:
*U.S. freighter West Jaffrey is stranded off Halfbald Island, Nova Scotia, 43°36'N, 66°02'W, and wrecked. There are no casualties to either the merchant crew or the 14-man Armed Guard.
*Coast Guard cutter USCG Nike rescues all 37 survivors of U.S. tanker China Arrow, sunk by German submarine U-103 off Winter Quarter Lightship on 5 February.
*U.S. freighter Mary is damaged in collision with freighter Palimol at 24°50'N, 66°00'W, and proceeds to San Juan, Puerto Rico, for repairs.
1943 Action in the Pacific:
*U.S. troops advance on both coasts of Guadalcanal.
*SBDs, TBFs, F4Fs, and P-40s from Henderson Field attack Japanese destroyer force - 18 ships strong on the final mission from Rabaul to evacuate Japanese troops from Guadalcanal - damaging Isokaze and near-missing Urakaze.
*Submarine USS Growler is damaged by accidental ramming of Japanese storeship IJN Hayasaki and gunfire from the same vessel, 70 miles northwest of Rabaul, 03°34'S, 151°09'E. During this action, USS Growler's commanding officer, Commander Howard W. Gilmore, is mortally wounded. Rather than further hazard his ship, he orders USS Growler taken down. For his gallantry, Gilmore is awarded the Medal of Honor, posthumously. IJN Hayasaki is damaged in the encounter; USS Growler is forced to terminate her patrol.
*Submarine USS Swordfish is damaged when mistakenly attacked by USAAF B-17, 150 miles north of New Ireland, 00°12'N, 152°00'E, and terminates her patrol as a result.
*Submarine USS Trout damages Japanese tanker Nisshin Maru off Miri, 04°31'N, 114°52'E.
*Halsey authorizes " Cleanslate," the occupation of the Russell Islands.
1943 Chiang Kai-shek commits China to a new offensive in cooperation with the Allied powers.
1943 Action in the Atlantic:
*During continued fight to defend SC 118, Coast Guard cutter USCG Bibb drives off U-402, only to battle that submarine and U-456 later the same day. U-402, however, torpedoes and sinks U.S. tanker Robert E. Hopkins about 650 miles west of Northern Ireland, 55°14'N, 26°22'W. Only 1 of the 19-man Armed Guard detachment is lost; survivors are rescued by British corvette HMS Mignonette. U-402 also torpedoes and sinks U.S. passenger ship Henry R. Mallory at 55°30'N, 29°33'W; 49 of the 77-man merchant crew perish, as do 15 of the 34-man Armed Guard and 208 of 283 embarked passengers, primarily to exposure. Coast Guard cutters USCG Bibb and USCG Ingham rescue 227 men, five of whom die of their injuries.
*German submarine U-160 torpedoes and U.S. freighter Roger B. Taney, en route to Bahia, Brazil, 22°00'S, 07°00'W. Three crewmen perish in the explosion of the initial torpedo, but the rest of the 47-man merchant complement and the sole passenger survive, in addition to the 17-man Armed Guard.
1943 Shoe rationing begins in the US.
1944 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy.
1944 Action in the Pacific:
*Kwajalein Atoll is declared secured.
*Submarine USS Narwhal delivers supplies and evacuates certain people from near Balatong Point, Negros, P.I.
*Escort carrier USS White Plains and destroyer USS Caldwell are damaged in collision while transferring people at sea, Marshalls area.
1944 Action in the Mediterranean: Destroyer USS Ludlow is damaged by dud shell from German shore battery off Anzio, Italy.
1945 Action in China: Japanese capture U.S. airbase at Kanchow, China.
1945 Action in the Pacific:
*Motor torpedo boats PT-373 and PT-356 enter Manila Bay for night reconnaissance; these are the first U.S. naval units to enter that body of water since the surrender of Corregidor in 1942.
*General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
*Destroyer escort USS Thomason sinks Japanese submarine RO 55 off Iba, Luzon, 15°27'N, 119°25'E.
*Submarine USS Bergall, attacking Japanese convoy off east coast of French Indochina, sinks Coast Defense Vessel No.53 and damages merchant tanker Toho Maru near Cam Ranh Bay, 11°56'N, 109°18'E.
*Submarine USS Guavina, attacking a Japanese convoy, sinks merchant tanker Taigyo Maru 250 miles south of Saigon, French Indochina, 06°45'N, 106°00'E.
*Submarine USS Parche sinks Japanese army cargo ship Okinoyama Maru, 29°09'N, 129°45'E.
*Submarine USS Ronquil damages Japanese army cargo ship Kuretake Maru, 31°46'N, 140°17'E.
*British submarine HMS Subtle sinks small Japanese cargo vessel Nanei Maru, 07°28'N, 94°56'E.
1945 Action in the Mediterranean: Motor torpedo boats PT-303 and PT-304, and British MTB 422, patrolling from Golfe Juan, France, engage southbound enemy convoy off Savona, Italy, sinking at least two vessels.
1945 European Theater: US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer.
1947 Arabs and Jews reject British proposal to split Palestine.
1948 Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff.
1950 US Senator Joe McCarthy begins his 'Witch Hunts', finds 'Communists' in the State Department.
1950 US & Great Britain recognize Bao Dai Vietnamese regime.
1955 Seventh Fleet ships begin evacuation of Chinese nationalists from Tachen Islands.
1962 JFK begins blockade of Cuba.
1965 Sustained air operations begin in N. Vietnam. In response to a Viet Cong attack on barracks area at Pleiku, South Vietnam, aircraft from US aircraft carriers, USS Coral Sea, USS Hancock, and USS Ranger conduct air strikes on North Vietnamese area near Donghoi. The nature of US involvment in the conflict escalates, not to be reduced to pre-strike levels for nearly 18 years to come.
1969 Al-Fatah-leader Yasser Arafat becomes president of PLO.
1974 Grenada gains independence from Britain.
1977 Soyuz 24 launches with 2 Cosmonauts.
1978 Ethiopian offensive in Ogaden desert.
1979 Colonel Benjedid Chadli succeeds President Boumedienne in Algeria.
1983 1st female Secretary of Transportation, Elizabeth Dole is sworn-in, effectively also becoming the 1st female civilian head of an American Armed Service branch - the United States Coast Guard.

__________________
On the Plains of Hesitation lie the blackened bones of countless millions who, at the dawn of victory, sat down to rest-and resting... died. Adlai E. Stevenson

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  #760  
Old 07 Feb 06, 23:44
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February 8

Born...
412 St. Proclus, Patriarch of Constantinople
1291 Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57)
1712 L Joseph de Montcalm de Saint-Veran, French General in America, KIA, Quebec, 1759
1811 Edwin Denison Morgan, sometime Confederate Secretary of War, d. 1883
1817 Richard Stoddert Ewell, Lt Gen, C.S.A., d. 1872
1820 William Tecumseh Sherman, army officer, U.S., d. 1891
1824 Barnard Elliot Bee, Brig Gen, C.S.A., KIA 1861
1828 Antonio Canovas del Castillo, Premier of Spain
1892 Fritz Todt,, German Reichs Minister, Organization Todt, head of Hitler's construction service.
1913 John Grandy, Brits RAF-Air Marshal

Died...
1587
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, beheaded at 44
1676 Alexis Mikhailovich Romanov, the first Romanov Tsar (1636-1676)
1725 Tsar Peter I 'the Great' Romanov, of Russia, at 52
1942 Fritz Todt, Nazi construction minister, on his 50th birthday
1959 William J. 'Wild Bill' Donovan, Medal of Honor in WWI, OSS in WWII, at 76
1963 Abdul Karim Kassem, PM of Iraq (1958-63), assassinated in Baghdad at 48

Events...
421 Flavius Constantine becomes Constantine III, Emperor of West Roman Empire.
1601 Earl Robert Devereux of Essex armies draws into London.
1622 King James I disbands the English parliament.
1676 Fyodor II Romanov becomes Tsar of Russia (1676-1682)
1690 New York settlement put to the torch. French and Indian troops set Schenectady on fire.
1744 French/Spanish fleet sails, leaves Toulon.
1799 Cardinal Ruffo & 5,000 troops land in Calabria to free Naples from the French.
1807 Napoleon defeats Russians at Eylau.
1809 Franz I of Austria declares war on France.
1861 Birth of a nation? Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama.
1862 Battle of Roanoke Island: The Union gains control of Pamlico Sound. A joint amphibious force captures the island, which is key to Albemarle Sound.
1865 Martin Robinson Delany becomes the first black major in the US Army.
1890 Japan: USS Omaha sailors and marines assist Hodogary, Japan in subduing large fire consuming the city.
1904 Russo-Japanese War begins: Japanese attack Russian Fleet at Port Arthur.
1909 France and Germany sign treaty about Morocco.
1911 U.S. helps overthrow President Miguel Devila of Honduras.
1914 General Zamon becomes President of Haiti.
1915 Canadian troops are at the front for the first time as members of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry arrive in the fighting line in the St. Eloi sector.
1918 "Stars and Stripes" first published, in France.
1923 Nazi Party newspaper, Volkischer Beobachter becomes a daily.
1941 Pacific:
*Celebes: Japanese land at Makassar.
*Japanese begin crossing the Strait of Johore in armored barges to attack Singapore.
1942 Pacific:
*Japanese submarine I-69, which has been reconnoitering the atoll since 21 January, shells Midway.
*Japanese troops land at Gasmata, New Britain.
*Submarine S-37 attacks Japanese convoy in Makassar Strait, and torpedoes destroyer IJN Natsushio south of Makassar City, Celebes, 05°10'S, 119°24'E. S-37 survives resultant depth-charging.
*Japanese infiltration force at Quinauan Point, Bataan, is mopped up, supported by armed motor launches from submarine tender USS Canopus. Japanese planes, however, attack the boats, bombing and strafing them, killing three and wounding 15.
*British submarine HMS Trusty shells Japanese merchant coaster.
1943 Burma: Orde Wingate's Chindits begin raid against the Japanese.
1943 Pacific:
*Operation KE: Japanese destroyer force (Rear Admiral Hashimoto Shintaro) completes the evacuation of 1,796 troops from Guadalcanal.
*Submarine USS Tunny sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Kusuyama Maru off southwest coast of Formosa about
55 miles west of Takao, 22°40'N, 119°12'E.
1943 Atlantic:
*During continued efforts by German submarines against SC 118, U-608 unsuccessfully attacks destroyer USS Schenck.
*Swiss freighter Caritasi rescues 14 survivors of U.S. freighter Charles C. Pinckney, sunk on 28 January 1943 by U-514; eight of the 27-man Armed Guard survive their ordeal, as do six merchant sailors.
1943 Liberation of Kursk by the Red Army.
1944 In a report from Stilwell, a major Japanese offensive is imminent in Burma.
1944 Pacific:
Submarine USS Snook, in attack on Japanese convoy off the west coast of Kyushu, sinks transport Lima Maru about 30 miles southeast of the Goto Archipelago, 31°05'N, 127°37'E, damages army cargo ship Shiranesan Maru, and survives depth-charging by one or more of the convoy's escorts that include Patrol Boat No.38, auxiliary submarine
chaser No.5 Kyoei Maru and torpedoboat Sagi.
1944 Atlantic:
*Light cruiser USS Marblehead rescues the survivors of German submarine U-177, sunk by PB4Y (VB 107) on 6 February.
*U-762 sunk off Ireland.
1944 Mediterranean:
Destroyer USS Ludlow is damaged by shore battery fire off Anzio, again, 41°28'N, 12°30'E.
1945 Operation Veritable, the 1st Canadian Army's assault on the German defences in the Reichwald and Moyland Wood, begins today. The Canadians, along with four British divisions, invade German territory, which has been flooded by the remnants of the German army.
1945 Mediterranean:
*Destroyer USS McLanahan bombards German outpost on Italian Riviera, shelling troop concentration.
*Motor torpedo boat PT-308, in company with two British motor torpedo boats, operating from Leghorn, Italy, attack three northbound flak lighters off Point Moneglia. The MTBs draw fire while PT-308 scores damage on one flak lighter. A second allied attack is unsuccessful.
1945 Pacific:
*Philippines: Japanese resistance in Manila stiffens.
*TF 92, comprising three light cruisers and seven destroyers, sorties from Attu, bound for Matsuwa Island.
*Submarine USS Pampanito attacks Japanese convoy in Gulf of Siam, sinking gunboat Eifuku Maru off Cape Camau,
French Indochina, 07°05'N, 104°50'E.
*Japanese landing ship T.143 is run aground and abandoned southeast of the Pescadores Islands, 23°30'N, 119°40'E.
1958 Bombing of Sakiet Tunisia by French planes. 75 die.
1962 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1963 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1967 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1971 South Vietnamese invasion of Laos.
1979 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1984 Soyuz T-10 launches: It takes a crew of 3 to Salyut 7. It is the1st time 8 people are in space simultaneously.
1992 Ulysses spacecraft passes Jupiter.

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  #761  
Old 08 Feb 06, 05:44
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
King Afonso IV is my favorite portuguese king.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_IV_of_Portugal

1743 - Battle of Campo Santa. Austrians block Spanish from joining the army of Prince de Conti during the War of the Austrian Succession.

1777 - Timothy Bigelow is named colonel.

http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...4&day=10272973

1900 - British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith.

1971 South Vietnamese army forces invade southern Laos in a operation called Lam Son 719. Check this awsome site, pay special atention to the audio.

http://www.a101avn.org/LamSon719.html

1974 - Military coup in Upper Volta.
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Last edited by Cap. Teancum; 08 Feb 06 at 05:56..
  #762  
Old 09 Feb 06, 01:04
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February 9

Born...
1404
Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor (1449-1453), KIA 1453
1773 William Henry Harrison, General, 9th US President, 3/4 - 4/4, 1841. Didn't where a coat to his inaugeration. It later cost him his life.
1826 John Alexander Logan, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1886
1830 Sultan Abdul Aziz of Turkey (1861-76)
1897 Sir Charles Edward Kingsford-Smith, pioneer Australian aviator.
1909 Dean Rusk, army officer, Secretary of State.
1912 Hubert William Dean, air armaments specialist
1921 B M Ducat-Amos, Air Commandant/director of RAF Nursing Service.
1954 Ulrich Walter, German FR, Cosmonaut
1960 Peggy A Whitson, PhD/Astronaut

Died...
1567 Lord Darnley, murdered on his wife's orders, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots.
1588 Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish Admiral.
1640 Sultan Murad IV of Turkey (1623-40), in Baghdad at 27.
1670 Frederik III, King of Denmark and Norway (1648-70), at 60.
1751 Henri F D'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (1717..50), at 82.
1932 Junnosuke Inouye, Japanese Minister of Finance, assassinated.
1957 Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hungary, Admiral, regent (1920-44) at 88.
1977 Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin), .at 82.
1984 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of Soviet Communist Party (1982-84), Soviet President, in power only 15 months, at 69.
1993 Nasrullah Mansoor, Afghan guerilla leader/Governor of Paktia.
1996 Adolf Galland, General (Luftwaffe), at 83.

Events...
1499
France and Venice sign treaty against Milan.
1554 Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated.
1574 Siege of Maastricht brought to an end by Louis of Nassau.
1666 Troops wander the wilderness. A French force of 300 Regluars of the Carignan-Salières Regiment and 200 Canadian militia is enroute to attack Mohawk villages around Lake Champlain. The troops have been trudging through the wilderness, aided by snowshoes, for almost a month. Without Indian guides, they wander around for three more weeks before turning for home.
1667 Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia & Poland signed a treaty of peace.
1674 English recapture New York from the Dutch.
1744 Battle at Toulon The French & Spanish fleets engaged the English fleet of Admiral Matthews.
1775 Massachusetts colony is in rebellion as declared by English Parliament.
1788 Austria declares war on Russia.
1799 USS Constellation captures FS L'Insurgente off Nevis, West Indies. They were near equal in rate & weight of broadside. (shot)
1801 Peace of Lunéville signed by France and Austria.
1825 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th U.S. President.
1849 Republic proclaimed at Rome.
1861 Jefferson Davis chosen as President of the Confederacy.
1861 Judgment of Confederate Provisional Congress that all laws under the U.S. Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate States.
1861 Tennessee votes against secession.
1864 Libby Prison, Richmond: 109 Union officers break out, 50 are recaptured.
1870 U.S. National Weather Service established by the U.S. Army.
1904 Japan declares war on Russia, one day after initiating hostilities.
1906 Natal proclaims state of siege as a result of the Zulu uprising.
1916 British conscription by enforcement of the Military Service Act.
1918 Army Chaplain School organized at Ft Monroe, Va.
1929 U.S.S.R., Estonia, Latvia, Poland and Romania sign Litvinov Pact.
1934 Balkan Entente formed (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania).
1941 British troops capture El Agheila.
1941 Nazi collaborators provoke anti-Jewish riots by destroying pro-Jewish cafe Alcazar Amsterdam for refusing to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe.
1942 Rear Admiral Emory S. Land, Chief of the Maritime Commission, is appointed Director of the War Shipping Administration. As WSA director, he is responsible only to the President.
1942 Former Chief of Naval Operations Admiral William H. Standley, USN (Ret.), (1935-1937), is named Ambassador to the USSR.
1942 War Time (Double Daylight Savings) goes into effect in US
1942 Pacific:
*Twelve USAAF B-17s are released to Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet for operational control; they will cover the advance of TF 11 into the South Pacific.
*Transport St. Mihiel is damaged by grounding off MacNamara Point, Alaska.
*Submarine USS Trout torpedoes and sinks Japanese gunboat Chuwa Maru 53 miles off Keelung, Formosa, 25°30'N, 122°38'E.
*Japanese carrier IJN Kaga is damaged when she runs aground on an uncharted reef, Palau, Palau Islands.
*Japanese transport Kurama Maru is torpedoed and sunk, agent unknown, 28°25'N, 122°03'N.
*Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes.
*Japanese destroyer IJN Natsushio, torpedoed by submarine S-37 off Makassar the previous day, sinks.
*Japanese planes bomb Batavia, Surabaya, and Malang, Java.
*Singapore: Japanese effect second beachhead.
*Bataan: Japanese suspend offensive operations to reorganize.
1942 Atlantic:
*Transport Lafayette (ex-French liner Normandie) burns at New York pier and capsizes at her berth.
*Destroyer USS Roe, at approximately 36°24'N, 74°34'W, rescues 14 survivors from British freighter Ocean Venture, sunk the previous day by German submarine U-108.
1943 FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry.
1943 German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes," 1,200 in Vught Camp.
1943 Nazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents.
1943 Pacific:
*CINCUS/CNO Admiral King suggests CINCPAC Admiral Nimitz capture the Gilbert Islands.
*US columns on Guadalcanal make contact at Cape Esperance.
*Organized Japanese resistance on Guadalcanal ends, thus concluding the bitter 6-month struggle to capture Guadalcanal and other islands in the southern Solomons. The campaign proves extremely costly in men, ships, and materiel for both sides.
*Submarine USS Tarpon sinks Japanese transport Tatsuta Maru 42 miles east of Mikura Jima, 33°45'N, 140°25'E.
*Japanese submarine I-21 sights U.S. freighter Starr King one day out of Sydney, Australia, and begins pursuit of the freighter.
1943 Atlantic:
Destroyer USS Boyle rescues 54 survivors of U.S. freighter Pan Royal, which sinks at 36°40'N, 67°20'W, after being accidentally rammed by motor vessel Evita and freighter George Davis, while proceeding in convoy UGS 5. Eight merchant sailors are lost in the mishap; there are no casualties to the 26-man Armed Guard.
1944 US asks China to try to get the Communists to help against the Japanese.
1944 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Bonefish damages Japanese merchant tanker No.2 Tonan Maru off French Indochina, 11°30'N, 109°10'E.
1944 Atlantic:
*U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland.
1945 Germans blow up dams on the Ruhr river valley.
1945 Pacific:
*Heavy fighting on Luzon.
*Navy aircraft sink Japanese army cargo ship Hekisui Maru off Mako, Formosa, 23°28'N, 119°40'E.
*PV-1 sinks small Japanese cargo vessel No.177 Nanshin Maru in Flores Sea west of Maumere.
*Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No.61 is damaged by mine [laid by submarine USS Ray on 22 February 1944°], 10 miles off Cape St. Jacques, French Indochina,10°10'N, 106°55'E.4
1945 In the Indian Ocean, the U.S. freighter Cape Edmont rescues one boatload of survivors from sunken freighter Peter Silvester, sunk on 6 February by German submarine U-862.
1945 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire.
1953 General Walter Bedell Smith, ends term as 4th director of CIA Allen W Dulles, becomes acting director.
1962 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1964 GI Joe 'action figure' created.
1971 Apollo 14 returns to Earth.
1975 Soyuz 17 returns to Earth.
1983 Belgium buys 44 F-16s.
1990 Galileo flies by Venus.
2001 Sub USS Greeneville sinks fishing vessel Ehime Maru due to collision while surfacing.

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  #763  
Old 09 Feb 06, 05:39
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

1822 - Haiti invades the Dominican Republic.

1918 - Ukraine signs peace treaty.

1920 - By the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/...t_severyuk.htm

http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/...st_kuhlman.htm

1965 - U.S. sends first combat troops to South Vietnam.

http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...4&day=10272974

1972 - USS Constellation in the coast of Vietnam.

http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/.../cv-hist5.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Constellation_(CV-64)
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  #764  
Old 10 Feb 06, 02:01
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February 10

Born...
1728 Peter III Feodorovich, German/Russian Czar of Russia, 1761-62
1807 Abner Clark Harding, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1874
1821 William Read Scurry, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d/w 1864
1894 [Maurice] Harold MacMillan, British Prime Minister, 1957-63
1927 Nigel Bagnall, British Field Marshal

Died...
1134 Robert III Cuthouse, Duke of Normandy
1495 William Stanley, Lord Chamberlain of England, executed for conspiracy.
1772 Jozef Wenceslas, monarch of Liechtenstein/Meneral, at 75
1918 Abdul-Hamid II, 34th sultan of Turkey (lost Serbia/Egypt), at 65.
1992 Alex Haley, Coast Guardsman, author. ("Roots")

Events...
1098 Crusaders defeat Prince Redwan of Aleppo at Antioch.
1563 Peace of Amboise: Temporary truce between French Catholics and Huguenots.
1676 Wampanoag Indians under King Philip kill all men in Lancaster Mass.
1713 Netherlands and England sign accord concerning anti-French Barrier.
1763 Treaty of Paris ends French & Indian [Seven Years'] War (1756-1763) is ratified by British Parliament. Through this document France abdicates all its colonial possessions in North America to Great Britain, except for the two small islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon.
1824 Simon Bolivar named dictator by Congress of Perú.
1846 British defeat Sikhs in Battle of Sobraon, India.
1853 Taipin grebels capture Nanking.
1859 General Horsford defeats Begum of Oude & Nana Sahib in Indian mutiny.
1862 Union gunboats destroy Confederate ships at Elizabeth City, NC.
1878 Peace of Zanjon.
1899 US-Spain peace treaty signed by President McKinley. U.S. gets Puerto Rico and Guam.
1900 Appointment of first US naval governor of Guam, Commodore Seaton Schroder.
1904 Japan and Russia declares war after Japan's surprise attack on Russian fleet at Port Arthur disabled 7 Russian warships.
1906 HMS Dreadnought is launched, initiating a naval arms race.
1906 State of siege proclaimed in Zululand
1923 SDAP speaks out against allied occupation of Ruhrgebied.
1938 King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga.
1940 Light cruiser USS Helena departs Santos, Brazil, winding up her shakedown cruise.
1942 Pacific:
*Wavell visits Singapore, orders continued resistance.
*USAAF LB-30s bomb and damage Japanese seaplane carrier IJN Chitose in Makassar Strait south of Celebes.
*Japanese submarine I-69 shells Midway but is immediately bombed and damaged by USMC F2As (VMF 221).
1942 Atlantic:
*Submarine R-5 fires three torpedoes at what she later reports as a German U-boat at 35°00'N, 65°45'W, but the attack is not successful. By the time R-5 has reloaded, the enemy is gone. While R-5's captain is criticized for erring in judgment for failing to follow up his contact during darkness and continuing the attack, his inexperience (R-5 is his first command) is considered, as is the fact that it is that commanding officer's first war patrol. R-5's quarry may have been U-564, which sinks Canadian motor tanker Victolite at 36°12'N, 67°14'W the same day.
*HMCS Spikenard is hit and sunk by a German U-Boat torpedo. Only eight half-frozen survivors will be rescued from the frozen waters of the North Atlantic.
*Former French Liner Normandie burns at dockside on the North River. She had been renamed USS Lafayette & was being converted to a troop ship. Arson was then suspected but it was likely an accidental victim of a workmans cutting torch.
1943 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
1943 Pacific:
*Marine and Army troops mop up Japanese stragglers on Guadalcanal.
*Submarine USS Pickerel sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Amari Maru off Sanriku, 40°10'N, 142°04'E.
*Japanese submarine I-21 continues pursuit of U.S. freighter Starr King and torpedoes her, 34°15'S, 154°20'E; there are no casualties among the merchant crew or Armed Guard. Australian destroyer HMAS Warramunga rescues survivors but has to abandon attempt to tow the crippled freighter when a line fouls her port screw. Starr King, however, sinks that night.
1943 Atlantic:
*USAAF B-24s sink German submarine U-519 northwest of Spain, 47°05'N, 18°34'W.
*Thirty-seven survivors in boat from U.S. freighter Cape Decision, sunk by U-105 on 27 January, reach St. Barthelemy, French West Indies.
1944 Pacific:
*Aussies seize Huon Peninsula, make contact with U.S. forces near Saidor.
*TG 58.4 planes bomb Japanese installations on Eniwetok Atoll, Marshalls; similar strikes are made on 11 and 12 February.
Tank landing ship LST-170 is damaged by horizontal bomber, off eastern New Guinea, 08°39'S, 148°27'E.
*Submarine USS Hake attacks Japanese mine/netlayer IJN Wakatake, escorting a convoy to Manokwari, 01°43'N, 129°30'E, but achieves no damage. IJN Wakatake's depth charge counterattack is also unsuccessful.
*Submarine USS Pogy sinks Japanese destroyer IJN Minekaze and merchant cargo ship Malta Maru, 85 miles north-northeast of Formosa, 23°20'N, 121°30'E.
*Submarine USS Spearfish damages Japanese transport Tatsuwa Maru southwest of Formosa, 21°53'N, 119°13'E.
*PBY sinks Japanese fishing boat Inawa Maru off Wewak.
*Japanese fishing vessel Kirishima Maru is damaged by mine off Moulmein.
*Japanese cargo ship Waka Maru is sunk by "sea trouble" near Bokai Bay, western Korea, 35°40'N, 126°20'E.
1944 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
1944 Burma: Japanese offensive isolates some British and Indian units around Arakan.
1945 Pacific:
*Tokyo is hit by a severe earthquake & a hundred B-29 bombers.
*Japanese suicide swimmers attempt attack upon surveying ship Hydrographer in Schonian Harbor, Palaus.
*Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No.33 and escort destroyer IJN Mikura are damaged in collision in Formosa Straits, 23°51'N, 117°52'E.
1947 Italy cedes most of Venezia-Giulia to Yugoslavia
1947 Province of Petsamo returned to Soviet Union by Finland
1948 Greek General Markos' Communist guerrillas bomb Saloniki.
1954 Eisenhower warns against US intervention in Vietnam.
1960 USS Sargo surfaces at North Pole.
1962 USSR swaps U-2 spy plane pilot Francis Gary Powers to US for Soviet spy Rudolph Abel.
1964 Destroyer HMAS Voyager sinks off Australia after colliding with aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne, 82 die.
1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.
1974 Iran/Iraqi border fight breaks out.
1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.
1987 Philippine troops murder 17 civilians-Lupao Massacre.
1989 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1991 Lithuania votes for independence from USSR.
1993 U.S. officially backs peace plan in Bosnia.
1997 Soyuz TM-25 launches to the MIR.


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On the Plains of Hesitation lie the blackened bones of countless millions who, at the dawn of victory, sat down to rest-and resting... died. Adlai E. Stevenson

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Last edited by Admiral; 10 Feb 06 at 02:03..
  #765  
Old 10 Feb 06, 12:07
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
1779 - The Battle of Carr’s Fort

http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...5&cat=16369276

1965 - Viet Cong blow up U.S. barracks

http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...ory=vietnamwar
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