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Vietnam War The Battle for Vietnam. .

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Old 19 Jun 17, 14:00
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Any sources on the RVN Navy?

Hi folks. Could anyone recommend some sources of information on the South Vietnamese Navy any time between 1955-75? I'm curious about pretty much anything from technical info on their ships and weaponry, to personal accounts of former members, to historical descriptions of their role in the Indochina conflicts and their part in the RVN's history.

The only book I've been able to find so far is "Counterpart: A South Vietnamese Naval Officers War", which looks interesting as it was written by someone who actually served in the navy.
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  #2  
Old 19 Jun 17, 20:22
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Have you looked at the USN's Naval History and Heritage Command?
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Old 20 Jun 17, 04:06
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No, I've never heard of them. Is there somewhere I can access them online? I tried clicking the 'official website' link on their wikipedia page but it isn't loading for me...
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Old 20 Jun 17, 07:25
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No, I've never heard of them. Is there somewhere I can access them online? I tried clicking the 'official website' link on their wikipedia page but it isn't loading for me...
This one works for me: https://www.history.navy.mil/

I imagine the Naval War College would have something in their online holdings as well.
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Old 20 Jun 17, 16:37
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Thanks, found a few interesting photos on that site.
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Old 20 Jun 17, 17:35
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Thanks, found a few interesting photos on that site.
The National Archives photo pages will have a poo-poo load of pictures.
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Old 21 Jun 17, 06:43
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Thanks I'll do some browsing to see what comes up.
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Old 28 Jun 17, 14:13
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A good friend of mine here in Missoula was an Officer with the South Vietnamese Navy. He escaped after the fall of Saigon because his ship was, of course, at sea. I'll see if he knows any good sources.
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Old 29 Jun 17, 23:33
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The US Naval Institute (USNI.org) has several books dealing with the North Vietnamese Navy, but I didn't see any dealing with the RVN Navy.
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Old 05 Jul 17, 21:15
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Texas Tech Vietnam Center has a lot of information on the RVN Navy including a list of ships and crafts.


https://vva.vietnam.ttu.edu/search?u...%93&q=rvn+navy
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Old 29 Aug 17, 03:06
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What is known of RVN is that is was configured for riverine operations it's uncertain if there were any plans for it to develop a blue water capability.
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Old 29 Aug 17, 23:00
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What is known of RVN is that is was configured for riverine operations it's uncertain if there were any plans for it to develop a blue water capability.
My friend here was on a blue-water ship in the SVN navy. They sailed for the Philippines when Saigon fell. RVN didn't have anything like the 7th Fleet, but it had seaworthy ships.
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Old 29 Aug 17, 23:10
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My friend here was on a blue-water ship in the SVN navy. They sailed for the Philippines when Saigon fell. RVN didn't have anything like the 7th Fleet, but it had seaworthy ships.

Information is not hard to find. Wikipedia has an entry for the RVNN: If you go there and scroll to the bottom, you will se the sources cited. Her's what Wiki has:
The Republic of Vietnam Navy (VNN; Vietnamese: Hải qun Việt Nam Cộng ha; HQVNCH) was the naval branch of the South Vietnamese military, the official armed forces of the former Republic of Vietnam (or South Vietnam) from 1955 to 1975. The early fleet consisted of boats from France. After 1955 and the transfer of the armed forces to Vietnamese control, the fleet was supplied from the United States. With assistance from the U.S., the VNN became the largest Southeast Asian navy, with 42,000 men and women and 672 amphibious ships and craft, 20 mine warfare vessels, 450 patrol craft, 56 service craft, and 242 junks.

Foundation

The origins of the Viet Nam Navy (VNN) began in 1952 with the French Navy. In 1954, in accordance with the Elyse Accords, the French handed control of the armed forces to the Vietnamese, but at the request of the Vietnamese government, continued to be in charge of the Navy until 20 August 1955. By this time the Navy numbered about 2,000 personnel, with 22 vessels. The Vietnamese then received assistance in the development of the VNN from the United States Military Assistance Advisory Group.[1]

Coastal Force

In 1956,[2] the North Vietnamese began infiltrating men and arms into the Republic of Vietnam's territory by sea. In response the VNN created the Coastal Junk Force (Vietnamese: Luc Luong Hai Thuyen) of junks manned by Regional Irregular Forces and local fishermen recruited for the occasion, to patrol the waters around the Demilitarized Zone. The force later came to be known as Coastal Groups (Vietnamese: Duyen doan), and patrolled the entire 1,200-mile (1,900 km) coastline. This force was under the control of the regional military zone commands rather than the Navy,[1][3] and was not incorporated into the VNN until 1965, by which time it numbered over 100 vessels.[2]

Expansion of the VNN

Growth of the VNN Year Personnel Vessels 1955 2,000 22 1961 5,000 220 1964 8,100 ? 1967 16,300 639 1973 42,000 1,400
In the late 1950s the Vietnam Navy was being modernized and developed, receiving ships and training from the United States Navy.[1] By 1961 the VNN had a force of 23 ships, the largest of which were LSMs, 197 boats, and 5,000 men. This was insufficient to counter the growing threat of enemy infiltration and the years 1962-1964 were marked by a rapid expansion; training facilities, repair bases, and support facilities were established; communications equipment and networks improved; and organization and administrative procedures strengthened. The number of ships increased to 44 and number of personnel to 8,100.[2]
This process continued and by the end of 1967 the personnel strength of the VNN had increased to 16,300, with 65 ships, along with 232 vessels of the River Assault Group (RAG), 290 junks, and 52 miscellaneous craft. Throughout 1968 the VNN gave priority to the improvement and expansion of their training programs in anticipation of gaining increased responsibility in the war effort as well as additional assets from the US. By the end of 1968 plans for the turnover of the majority of the United States Navy assets in Vietnam had been formulated.[2]

Vietnamization

In early 1969, President Richard M. Nixon formally adopted the policy of "Vietnamization". The naval part, called ACTOV ("Accelerated Turnover to the Vietnamese"), involved the phased transfer to Vietnam of the U.S. river and coastal fleet, as well as operational command over various operations. In mid-1969, the VNN took sole responsibility for river assault operations when the U.S. Mobile Riverine Force stood down and transferred 64 riverine assault craft to the VNN. By the end of 1970, the U.S. Navy ceased all operations throughout South Vietnam, having transferred a total of 293 river patrol boats and 224 riverine assault craft to the VNN.[4]
During 1970 and 1971 the United States also relinquished control of the coastal and high seas patrols to the VNN. The U.S. naval command also transferred four Coast Guard cutters, a destroyer escort radar picket ship, an LST, and various harbor control, mine craft, and support vessels. By August 1972, the VNN took responsibility for the entire coastal patrol effort when it took over the last 16 U.S. coastal radar installations.[4]
In addition to ships and vessels, the U.S. transferred support bases. The first change of command occurred in November 1969 at Mỹ Tho, and the last in April 1972 at Nh B, Bnh Thủy, Cam Ranh Bay, and Đ Nẵng. By 1973, the Vietnam Navy numbered 42,000 men and over 1,400 ships and vessels.[4]
The end[edit]

In 1973 and 1974, as a result of the Paris Peace Accords, the United States drastically cut its financial support for the Vietnamese armed forces. The VNN was compelled to reduce its overall operations by half, and its river combat and patrol activities by 70%. To conserve supplies, over 600 river and harbor craft and 22 ships were laid up.[4]
On 19 January 1974, four VNN ships fought a battle with four ships of the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Navy over ownership of the Paracel Islands, 200 nautical miles (370 km) due east of Đ Nẵng. The VNN ship Nhựt Tảo (HQ-10) was sunk, L Thường Kiệt (HQ-16) was heavily damaged, and both Trần Khnh Dư (HQ-4) and Trần Bnh Trọng (HQ-5) suffered light damage. The Chinese captured and occupied the islands.
In the spring of 1975, North Vietnamese forces occupied all of northern and central South Vietnam, and finally Saigon fell on 30 April 1975. However Captain Kiem Do had secretly planned and then carried out the evacuation of a flotilla of thirty-five Vietnam Navy and other vessels, with 30,000 sailors, their families, and other civilians on board, and joined the U.S. Seventh Fleet when it sailed for Subic Bay, Philippines.[5] Most of the Vietnamese ships were later taken into the Philippine Navy.
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