President Roosevelt established the United Statesí first peacetime, non-departmental intelligence organization, the Office of the Coordinator of Information (COI), and authorized it to collect and analyze all information and data for national security.
The Map Division was involved in the planning & strategy of the Allied invasion of North Africa and Italy. It also assessed the economic and topographic conditions in other areas vital to the war, including the Asia-Pacific theater. The JCS called upon cartographers for much of their secret security work concerning operations and valued cartographers for their support at the Allied conferences.
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"A wise man can learn more from a foolish question than a fool can learn from a wise answer." ~ Bruce Lee