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Go Back   Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History > Historical Events & Eras > Warfare Through the Ages

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Warfare Through the Ages Roman, Greek, Japanese, etc. Topics cover all manner of pre-modern warfare and empire-building and crushing.

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  #1621  
Old 20 Mar 07, 06:33
Cap. Teancum's Avatar
Cap. Teancum Cap. Teancum is offline
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Portuguese_Monarchy
Distinguished Service Award ACG Ten Year Service Award 5 Year Service Ribbon March Offensive 
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Real Name: Luis Manuel Ribeiro Alves dos Reis
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Valadares - V. N. Gaia
Posts: 5,983
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1229 - Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor declares himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.

Today's book:

Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades by Adrian J. Boas

Book Description:

Serving as both a scholarly account of Jerusalem's archaeology and a useful guide for the interested reader, this work illuminates the turbulent past of a city which is both medieval in appearance and a modern city at the center of international and religious interest. This expansive new work examines the history of the city and its unique society as well as presents archaeological evidence for Crusader Jerusalem.

http://www.amazon.com/Jerusalem-Time...4383099&sr=1-2
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1622  
Old 20 Mar 07, 12:10
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Cap. Teancum Cap. Teancum is offline
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Portuguese_Monarchy
Distinguished Service Award ACG Ten Year Service Award 5 Year Service Ribbon March Offensive 
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Real Name: Luis Manuel Ribeiro Alves dos Reis
Join Date: Jul 2005
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Posts: 5,983
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 19


By Admiral:

1571 Spanish troops occupied Manila.
1711 War was declared between Russia and Turkey.
1775 Portuguese fleet was repulsed in attack on Montevideo, Uruguay.
1799 Napoleon Bonaparte began the siege of Acre ( later Akko, Israel), which was defended by Turks.
1815 Louis XVIII hasilty abandons Paris, as Napoleon nears.
1865 Battle of Bentonville: Last major Civil War engagement in the East as Confederate forces retreat from Greenville, NC.
1898 USS Oregon departs San Francisco to begin a 14,000 mile trip to Key West.
1903 The U.S. Senate ratifies Cuban treaty: It grants naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda.
1916 1st Aerosquadron takes off: It departs Columbus, NM, to join Gen. John J. Pershing and his Punitive Expedition for Pancho Villa in Mexico.
1917 Navy authorizes limited recruiting of women in the Naval Reserve.
1920 US Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles: For the 2nd time, by a vote of 49-35, falling short of the two-thirds majority needed for approval.
1924 US troops rushed to Tegucigalpa as the Honduran capital was taken by rebel forces.
1927 Bloody street fighting between Communists and Nazis in Berlin.
1940 Daladier Cabinet falls in France, as the "Phony War" continues.
1942 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty.
1942 In central Burma the Japanese attack the Chinese 200th Division.
1942 Lt Gen William Slim takes command of the British Burma Corps.
1942 Pacific:
*Philippine President Manuel Quezon and 13 members of his party are transported from Dumaguete, Negros, to Oroquito, Mindanao, after a 240-mile voyage in motor torpedo boat PT-41.
*Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-25 reconnoiters Suva, Fiji Islands.
1942 Atlantic:
*Destroyer USS Dickerson rescues 14 of the 40-man crew of tanker E.M. Clark, sunk by U-124 the previous day. Later, however, USS Dickerson is mistakenly fired upon and damaged by gunfire from U.S. freighter Liberator off Virginia capes; three men (including the ship's captain) are killed and six wounded. Later the same day, Liberator is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-332 three miles west of the Diamond Shoals Buoy, 35°05'N, 75°30'W; five crewmen perish. Tug Umpqua rescues 26 merchant sailors and the 4-man Armed Guard.
*Destroyer USS Hambleton, at 35°39'N, 71°10'W; rescues six survivors of Honduran freighter Ceiba, sunk by U-124 on 17 March.
*British motor vessel Port Halifax rescues the 23 survivors of U.S. tanker W.E. Hutton, sunk by German submarine U-332 off Cape Lookout, North Carolina, the previous day.
*High speed transport Stringham rescues the 31 survivors of U.S. tanker Papoose, irreparably damaged the previous day by German submarine U-124. On report of the master, who believes his ship can be saved, tug Kewaydin is sent to investigate salvage possibilities. Papoose, however, is beyond saving, and sinks the next day; Kewaydin proceeds to assist Acushnet.
*Damaged U.S. tanker Acme is taken in tow by tug Acushnet and taken to Norfolk.
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Kingfish sinks Japanese army hospital ship Takachiko Maru in Formosa Strait, 26°00'N, 122°18'E.
*Submarine USS Sawfish damages Japanese guardboat Shinsei Maru, southeast of Japan, 32°54'N, 152°11'E.
*Submarine USS Wahoo, operating in the Yellow Sea, sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Zogen Maru just east of Dairen, Kwantung Peninsula, Manchukuo, 38°29'N, 122°19'E, and damages merchant cargo ship Kowa Maru, 38°27'N, 122°18'E.
*USAAF A-20s damage Japanese submarine I-176 as she is unloading at Lae, New Guinea. I-176, however, is able to continue her voyage to Rabaul.
1943 Atlantic:
*German U-boat onslaught against Atlantic convoys continues: U.S. freighter Mathew Luckenbach departs convoy HX 229, believing her chances greater of completing the voyage independently than in company with other ships, but runs afoul of U-527 in the vicinity of SC 122. U-527 torpedoes Mathew Luckenbach at 54°20'N, 25°07'W; Cutter USCG Ingham rescues the freighter's entire complement (42 merchant sailors and a 26-man Armed Guard). Subsequently, U-523 administers the coup de grace to Mathew Luckenbach. With the loss of Mathew Luckenbach and Greek freighter Carras (a straggler from SC 122) to U-533 on this date, German U-boats will break off operations against SC 122 and HX 229 and conclude what is regarded as the largest convoy battle of the war. Despite the valiant efforts of the escorts, the merchantmen suffer heavy losses.
1943 Mediterranean:
*Axis planes bomb shipping in Oran harbor; U.S. freighter Examiner is damaged by near-misses that kill one Armed Guard sailor and wound six (an additional Armed Guard sailor is killed on shore during the raid). Merchant casualties amount to three crewmen wounded on board ship and one killed while ashore.
1944 Pacific:
*TG 74.5 concludes its bombardment of Japanese positions in Wewak area. Destroyer USS Daly sinks auxiliarysubmarine chaser Cha 10 off Mushu, Wewak, 03°33'S, 143°38'E.
USAAF B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, and P-38s (5th Air Force) destroy four-ship Japanese convoy 50 miles northwest of Wewak, sinking cargo ships Yakumo Maru and Taiei Maru and their escorts, auxiliary submarine chasers Cha 47 and Cha 49, 02°55'S, 143°40'E.
*USAAF planes sink Japanese ship Kaen Maru off Wuhu, China.
*U.S. freighter Oriental is damaged by mine east of Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 15°31'36"S, 167°17'49"E, but makes port under own power; there are no casualties among the ship's complement, which includes a 28-man Armed Guard.
1944 Indian Ocean:
*U.S. freighter John A. Poor is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-510 at 13°58'N, 70°30'E; 25 of the 43-man merchant complement perish with the ship, as do 9 of the 30-man Armed Guard.
1944 Atlantic:
*TBF and FM-2 aircraft from escort carrier USS Block Island sink German submarine U-1059, Atlantic area, 13°10'N, 33°44'W.
1944 German 352nd Infantry Division deployed along the coast of France.
1944 German soldiers occupy Hungary.
1944 Mediterranean:
*Submarine chaser PC-545, on patrol west of Anzio, sinks a German E-boat.
1945 British 36th Division captures Mogok, Burma, famed for its ruby mines.
1945 Pacific:
*TF 58 pounds airfields on Kyushu, and shipping at Kure and Kobe, Honshu, destroying incomplete Japanese submarine I 205 in drydock, and damaging battleships IJN Yamato, IJN Hyuga and IJN Haruna; carriers IJN Ikoma, IJN Katsuragi, IJN Ryuho and IJN Amagi; small carrier IJN Hosho; escort carrier IJN Kaiyo; heavy cruiser IJN Tone, light cruiser IJN Oyodo, submarines I 400 and RO 67, auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 229 at Kure; and escort destroyer IJN Kaki at Osaka.
*Japanese planes single out carriers for attack: off Shikoku, USS Wasp is bombed, 32°16'N, 134°05'E. while friendly fire hits USS Essex, 32°10'N, 134°20'E. On board USS Franklin damaged off Kyushu, 32°01'N, 133°57'E, as the ship is rocked by a succession of explosions, Lieutenant Commander Joseph T. O'Callaghan, ChC, the carrier's Roman Catholic chaplain, ministers to wounded and dying men irregardless of faith or creed, organizes and leads fire-fighting parties, directs the jettisoning of ammunition and the flooding of a magazine, and mans a hose to cool hot, armed bombs rolling on the listing deck. O'Callaghan's courage and fortitude inspires his shipmates. Elsewhere on board, Lieutenant (j.g.) Donald A. Gary calms anxious shipmates trapped in a smoke-filled compartment and after repeated tries through dark, debris-filled passageways manages to find a way to escape. Later, he organizes and leads fire- fighting parties in the blazing inferno of the hangar deck, and then enters number three fireroom to raise steam in one boiler in the face of extreme hazards. O'Callaghan and Gary will be awarded Medals of Honor.
*Submarine USS Balao attacks Japanese convoy MOTA- 43, sinking troop ship Hakozaki Maru and damaging transport Tatsuharu Maru off the Yangtze estuary about 90 miles north-northwest of Shanghai, 33°10'N, 122°10'E, and sinking merchant fishing vessels No.1 Katsura Maru and 1 Eiho Maru and No.2 Eiho Maru, 34°40'N, 122°55'E.
*Submarine USS Bluefish damages Japanese guardboat No.1 Shinya Maru, 31°35'N, 137°50'E.
*PV-1s (VPB 128) bomb and damage Japanese midget submarine at Cebu; strike is repeated the next day.
*Japanese river gunboat IJN Suma is sunk by USAAF mine (laid by 14th Air Force planes on 4 March ), in the Yangtze, 51 miles above Kiangyin, China, 32°00'N, 120°00'E. Mine also claims merchant ship Kozan Maru, on the Yangtze below Chinkiang, 32°05'N, 119°56'E.
*USAAF mine also sinks Japanese merchant tanker Sarawak Maru, repaired after her brush with USS Besugo on 24 January 1945, 10 miles off Horsburgh Light, Singapore, 01°25'N, 104°36'E.
*Japanese merchant vessel Mikawasan Maru is sunk by aircraft off Iyo.
*Japanese escort destroyer IJN Shinnan is damaged by aircraft, 33°47'N, 131°35'E.
*Japanese landing ship T.105 is damaged by aircraft, near Ujina.
*Japanese merchant vessel Rashu Maru is damaged by aircraft, off Uzaki, Hyogo prefecture.
*Japanese merchant cargo ship Teiritsu Maru is damaged by aircraft, 34°16'N, 13°03'E.
1945 Adolf Hitler issues the "Nero Decree": He orders the destruction of German facilities that could fall into Allied hands. Hitler ordered a scorched-earth policy. Hitler had decreed that Paris should be left a smoking ruin, but Dietrich von Choltitz thought better of his Führer's order.
1945 In European waters:
*U.S. freighter Hadley F. Brown, in convoy TAG 12, is damaged by mine at entrance to Schelde Estuary, 51°22'N, 02°53'E. There are no casualties among the 27-man Armed Guard, and the ship reaches Flushing under tow soon thereafter.
1947 Generalissimo Chang Kai-Shek captures Jenan from the Communists.
1951 Herman Wouk's The Caine Mutiny is published.
1962 Relative calm returns to Algeria: A cease-fire, ends 7 years of warfare between French and Algerian Nationalists.
1989 Boeing V-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight.
2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom begins: President Bush orders the start of war against Iraq. Because of the time difference, it was early March 20 in Iraq. Operation Iraqi Freedom began with a few US targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later, firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its border with Kuwait.

By Cap. Teancum:

1279 - A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yamen

1861 - The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.

1978 - UN Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 were passed, calling upon Israel immediately to cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory (Operation Litani), and established the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).

1982 - Falklands War: Argentines land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war.

2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1623  
Old 20 Mar 07, 12:19
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Real Name: Luis Manuel Ribeiro Alves dos Reis
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Valadares - V. N. Gaia
Posts: 5,983
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1865 Battle of Bentonville: Last major Civil War engagement in the East as Confederate forces retreat from Greenville, NC.

Today's book:

Last Stand in the Carolinas: The Battle of Bentonville by Mark L. Bradley

Book Review:

Finally the Battle of Bentonville and the Campaign of the Carolinas gets the attention it deserves. Bradley has found that outstanding mix of personal ancedotes and move by move documentation of the Battle of Bentonville. Bradley takes the reader from the last organized skirmish against Sherman's army in South Carolina(Cheraw) to the climatic battle at Bentonville. In between Bradley also talks in detail of the battle of Averasboro and Monroe's Crossroads.
But the finest aspect of the book is its almost minute by minute depiction of the Battle of Bentonville. For those who do not know, Bentonville was literally the last gasp of the Confederacy to stop Major General William T. Sherman's march through the Carolinas. For nearly a day, a rag tag, mottled army of Confederates from every corner of the Confederacy had the previously unchallenged army of Sherman "on the ropes". However as the book describes so vividly, the stand of a few Federal divisions and reinforcements saves the day for the Federals. In between the vivid descriptions of the fighting, Bradley masterfully throws in personal recollections and human interest stories that are unmatched by any books on the Campaign. You will literally feel like you are rising and falling in emotion with those Johnny's and Yanks on the pages in front of you.You will literally feel like the Rebel Yell is screaming in your ears and imagine the crackle of musketry. An outstanding photo section shows the battlefield from many views and a good sized assortment of photo's of the participants. Also most importantly, the book is devoid of prejudice for either side. You will be hardpressed to find a more objective piece.. even for a subject that brings out as much emotion as Sherman's march.

Most people have read virtually nothing on the Campaign of the Carolinas. If you only read one book on this campaign... READ THIS ONE. You will not be disappointed.


http://www.amazon.com/Last-Stand-Car...4403785&sr=1-2
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1624  
Old 20 Mar 07, 12:21
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 20


By Admiral:

1739 Nadir Shah of Persia occupies Delhi, in India: He takes possession of the Peacock thrown. King Nadir Shah later took the golden Peacock Throne back to Persia.
1800 French army defeats Turks at Heliopolis: They then push forth from Turkey, and advanced to Cairo.
1815 Napoleon enters Paris: This after his escape from Elba with many men.
1833 Cdr Geisinger of USS Peacock & King of Siam negotiate commercial treaty.
1836 Coleto Creek: Texian garrison of Goliad surrenders to the Mexican Army.
1878 Rumours of preying Russian naval squadrons prompt the manning of coastal batteries at St. Andrews, N.B. and Yarmouth, N.S. Eventually, no Russians appear and Canada will return to more peaceful pursuits.
1890 Kaiser Wilhelm II fires Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck. Thus was the true power in the German Republic in that day.
1896 Marines land in Nicaragua: Their mission is to protect US citizens in the wake of a revolution.
1902 France & Russia acknowledge Anglo-Japanese alliance: They assert their right to protect their interests in China and Korea.
1917 Operations against Vimy Ridge begin: Canadian and British artillery begin the preparatory bombardment of the German defences along Vimy Ridge in view of capturing it one month later.
1918 Bolsheviks request American aid: Their hope & intent is to rebuild their army.
1922 1st US aircraft carrier commissioned: The collier Jupiter has been converted to support the launch & recovery of aircraft at sea & is renamed USS Langley. The 11,500-ton USS Langley was commissioned into the U.S. Navy as America’s first aircraft carrier. USS Langley was never regarded as a beautiful ship. Her flight deck was 533 feet long and 64 feet wide with an open-sided hanger deck, inspiring the nickname “the Old Covered Wagon.”
1931 Warning against National-Socialism: German Bishop Schreiber speaks of it in Berlin.
1933 1st Nazi concentration camp completed at Dachau.
1937 Italo-Nationalist offensive at Guadalajara, by Franco in Spain.
1939 Naval Research Lab recommends financing research program to obtain power from uranium.
1940 British RAF conduct air raid: I lasts all-night, targeting the Nazi airbase at Sylt, Germany.
1941 Nazi German-Yugoslav pact established.
1942 SecNav designates command of Seabees under the Civil Engineering Corps.
1942 Major Italo-German air raid on Malta.
1942 Atlantic:
*Unarmed U.S. tanker Oakmar is shelled by German submarine U-71 at 36°21'N, 68°50'W, and abandoned; submarine R-6 is sent to her assistance. U-71 torpedoes Oakmar and shells her until she sinks. Six men perish in the abandonment; the remainder (30 men) are rescued by Greek steamship Panos Pladelis.
1943 Offensive on Mareth line: The Allies attacked Rommel's forces in Tunisia, North Africa.
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Sawfish sinks Japanese guardboat Shinsei Maru in the northern Pacific, 32°55'N, 152°11'E.
*Submarine USS Scamp damages Japanese merchant cargo ship Seinan Maru off Tomari, 41°06'N, 141°26'E.
*Submarine USS Trigger damages Japanese gunboat Choan Maru off the Admiralties, 03°44'N, 144°12'E, with a dud torpedo.
1944 Pacific:
*TG 31.2 lands 4th Marine Division on undefended Emirau Island, Bismarck Archipelago, thus completing the strategic encirclement of Rabaul.
*TF 37, including four battleships, two escort carriers, and destroyers bombards Kavieng, New Ireland.
*Submarine USS Angler evacuates 58 people, including women and children, from the west coast of Panay, P.I.
*Submarine USS Picuda sinks Japanese victualling stores ship H_k_ Maru about 40 miles north of Yap, Carolines, 10°09'N, 138°10'E.
*Submarine USS Pollack sinks Japanese auxiliary netlayer Hakuy_ Maru about 30 miles northeast of Torishima, 30°53'N, 140°42'E. Accompanying submarine chaser Ch 44 carries out unsuccessful counterattack on USS Pollack.
*Japanese submarine chaser Ch 35, sent out from Hollandia to rescue survivors of cargo ships Yakumo Maru and Taiei Maru and auxiliary submarine chasers Cha 47 and Cha 49, sunk by USAAF planes the previous day, finds no trace of the four lost ships.
*USAAF planes sink Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 62 130 nautical miles east of Hollandia, New Guinea, 02°55'S, 143°40'E.
*U.S. aircraft sink Japanese guardboats Kaiun Maru and No.2 Taiho Maru off southern tip of Rabaul.
1944 Indian Ocean:
*Survivors (who include 21 Armed Guard sailors) of U.S. freighter John A. Poor that had been sunk by German submarine U-510 the previous day, are rescued by British freighter Fort Worth.
1945 Mediterranean:
*Destroyer USS Parker shells German mortar positions, supply dumps, dugouts and buildings on the Franco-Italian border.
1945 Pacific:
*TF 92 (six destroyers) sorties from Attu to proceed to Paramushiro to bombard Japanese installations in the Suribachi Wan area. Heavy ice, however, will cause a cancellation of the operation.
*Off Japan, carrier USS Enterprise is damaged by friendly fire, 30°01'N, 134°30'E, and destroyer USS Halsey Powell is crashed by kamikaze at 30°27'N, 134°28'E.
*TF 38 planes sink Japanese guardboat No.1 Kochi Maru east of Honshu.
*Submarine USS Blenny attacks Japanese convoy HI-88I off coast of French Indochina, sinking merchant tankers No.21 Nanshin Maru and Hosen Maru, and fishing boat Yamakuni Maru about 40 miles south of Cam Ranh Bay, 11°18'N, 108°57'E.
**Submarine USS Devilfish is damaged by suicide plane off Volcano Islands, 25°36'N, 137°30'E, and is forced to terminate her patrol.
*Submarine USS Perch lands men on east coast of Borneo.
*Japanese army ship No.1 Genzan Maru is sunk by aircraft off coast of French Indochina.
*USAAF B-25s attack Japanese convoy, sinking store ships Heishin Maru and Fukusei Maru, and damaging torpedo boat IJN Hatsukari off Tungshan, China, 23°42'N, 137°15'E.
*Japanese Gyoraitei No.219 is damaged by aircraft, Toba, 30°06'N, 122°22'E.
1945 Arctic:
*German submarines attack convoy JW 65 off Kola Inlet; U-995 torpedoes U.S. freighter Horace Bushnell 24 miles east of Kilden Light, 69°23'N, 35°17'W. Heavy seas prevent British destroyer HMS Orwell from beaching the crippled ship, but the warship embarks the freighter's survivors (including the entire 27-man Armed Guard). Russian tugs later beach the merchantman, which is subsequently declared a total loss.
*U-968 torpedoes freighter Thomas Donaldson about five miles off Kilden Island 68°26'30"N, 33°44'20"W. British corvettes HMS Bamborough Castle, HMS Oxlip, and HMS Honeysuckle rescue survivors; attempt to tow the ship to safety fails and she sinks a half mile from Kilden Island.
1951 Indonesian Army launches an offensive targeting the Darul Islam movement on Java.
1952 Restoration of sovereignty to Japan: A result of ratification of a peace treaty effectively & finally ending WW II.
2003 (Iraqi time) Operation Iraqi Freedom began: wIt was launched with a few targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later, firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its border with Kuwait. US Sec. of State Rumsfeld warned that the attack in Iraq would be "of a force and scope and scale that is beyond what has been seen before." A "shock and awe" strategy was planned based on a 1996 "rapid dominance" strategy. The US seized $1.74 billion in frozen Iraqi assets and declared it would be used for humanitarian purposes. Saddam Hussein appeared on state-run television accusing the United States of a "shameful crime" and urging his people to "draw your sword" against the invaders. Iraq set fire to at least 10 oil wells.

By Cap. Teancum:

1848 - Revolutions of 1848 in the German states: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.

1856 - Costa Rican troops rout Walker's soldiers.

1942 - General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return".

Main date of the day:

1960 - The Admiral is born.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO ADMIRAL. I SALUTE YOU!
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans



Last edited by Cap. Teancum; 20 Mar 07 at 12:25..
  #1625  
Old 20 Mar 07, 12:31
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Join Date: Jul 2005
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Posts: 5,983
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1942 - General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return".

Today's book:

American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur 1880-1964 by William Manchester

Book Reviews:

"American Caesar " is William Manchester's superbly crafted and supremely well researched biography of Douglas MacArthur, one of the greatest but most controversial military leaders in American history. MacArthur has been praised for his brilliant strategic and tactical abilities during both world wars and accomplishments as Military Governor in post-World War II Japan, and criticized for his overweening egoism and inability to subordinate himself to the wishes of his civilian superiors.
William Manchester writes with wit and candor as he chronicles MacArthur's life from his earliest days to his death in 1964, at age 84. Manchester's portrait of his subject is balanced and objective. We see MacArthur at his finest: capable and courageous on the battlefield during World War I, rising quickly to general officer rank as a result of his abilities; between the world wars, a progressive, reform-minded superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy, and later U.S. Army Chief of Staff; during World War II, a Medal of Honor winner, and the gifted but overly vainglorious commander of all Allied forces in the South Pacific, who achieved brilliant military successes with his "island-hopping" strategy; and later, as Military Governor of Japan, displaying a surprising magnanimity toward the conquered Japanese by introducing American-style democracy and liberal reforms. We also see him at his worst: pompous and vain, always seeking personal glory, often at his subordinates' expense; vindictive toward his subordinates when they disagreed with him; and finally, during the Korean War, the Supreme Commander whose hubris led him to openly defy his commander-in-chief, resulting in his relief by President Harry Truman.

"American Caesar" clearly shows why William Manchester is one of the pre-eminent biographers at work today. The book is written with obviously meticulous scholarship, insightful analysis, and crisp, sparkling prose. It stands alongside fellow biographer D. Clayton James' three-volume "The Years of MacArthur," as one of the two best accounts of Douglas MacArthur's life available today. Highly recommended!



It is a sad fact that many people in this day and age would be unable to state who Douglas MacArthur was or what place in history he has assumed. As the Second World War drifts further into the annals of history, the lives and accomplishments of the war's great commanders are in danger of , as MacArthur himself said "slowly fading away".
Douglas MacArthur was a colossus. He did not merely play an important role in the war in the Pacific, he dominated it and went on to play a crucial role in the West's early response to Communism in the Far East. William Manchester's exhaustive biography paints a warts and all portrait of the General. Manchester expresses rightful admiration for MacArthur's strategic brilliance and his amazing role in the recontstruction of post-war Japan. Yet, he does not shy away from criticism of MacArthur's extraordinary vanity which, in many cases, almost led (and during the Korean War did lead) to the General's downfall. I finished the book far more enlightened on the character of this individual and yet was left to draw my own conclusions as to his place in history.

Manchester's book is not just an immensely readable, throughly documented portrait of Douglas MacArthur. It also serves as a valuable work on the prosecution of the war in the Pacific and the early years of the Cold War and draws some very valuable and raises some interesting questions on the origin of America's entry into the war in Vietnam.

Individuals such as Douglas MacArthur should not be forgotten. Love them or hate them, they played a critical role in the history of the 20th Century and to the lives which each and every one of us live today. "American Casear" does justice to all aspects of Douglas MacArthur's life and character and I have no doubts that it will fascinate anyone who picks it up.

5 stars without any hesitation whatsoever.


http://www.amazon.com/American-Caesa...4404450&sr=1-2
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  #1626  
Old 21 Mar 07, 12:55
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March 21


By Admiral:

1421 Battle of Beauge: French defeat the English.
1824 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses.
1836 Mexicans capture Copano, Texas.
1858 British forces in India lifted the siege of Lucknow, ending the Indian Mutiny.
1866 Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes.
1918 "Michael" Offensive unnleashe: The enemy assault falls mainly on British armies, although the Canadians in the Lens area and especially at Hill 70 repulse the enemy advance, sustaining and inflicting heavy casualties on the Western Front. German to break through the Allied line before American reinforcements could arrive. It is better remembered as the First Battle of the Somme.
1927 Chinese Kuomintang Army conquers Shanghai: British Marines flee.
1939 Ghandi calls on the world to disarm: He sincerely thought Hitler would follow.
1939 Hitler demands Germany annex Free City of Danzig.
1942 Major Italo-German air assault on Malta.
1942 Jimmy Stewart enlists in the USAAF.
1943 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
1943 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, in Tunisia.
1945 British bomb Gestapo Headquarters in Denmark: The objective was to thwart a planned German arrest of the leadership of the banned Freedom Council. A 2nd wave of bombers hit a school by mistake killing 86 students and 13 adults.
1962 1st successful supersonic ejection: A female black bear was taken aboard a B-58 Hustler bomber out of Edwards Air Force Base in California, flown up to 35,000 feet at a supersonic speed of 850 miles per hour, and ejected from the bomber in a specially made capsule. She landed safely, and became the first living creature to survive a parachute jump from a plane flying faster than sound.
1968 Israeli Army attacks PLO base in Jordan: It is in response to attacks on northern Israel.
1984 Soviet submarine collides with USS Kitty Hawk. It occurs off the coast of Japan.

By Cap. Teancum:

1801 - The Battle of Alexandria was fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alexandria

1933 - Dachau, the first Nazi Germany concentration camp, is completed.

1945 - World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.
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  #1627  
Old 21 Mar 07, 13:01
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Today's event:

1933 - Dachau, the first Nazi Germany concentration camp, is completed.

Today's book:

The Last Survivor: Legacies of Dachau by Timothy Ryback

Book Reviews:

I enjoyed this book thouroughly. When I finished, it left me wondering who Martin really was. I am in the Army, and was recently stationed in Germany. Some friends and I went to Dachau, and the SS shooting range where the Soviet soldiers were executed, and met Martin standing in front of the statue, and he made his speech, just like in the book. While in Germany, I had the opportunity to serve side by side with German soldiers, and met many German civilians, and the past still haunts them. It has been my experience that for the most part, they have come to terms with what happened, and are making sure it doesn't happen again. But it is still difficult for some to deal with the past. I would recommend this book to anyone who wanted to learn more about what happened during and after the war, and how the Germans of today are trying to come to grips with history. If the Japanese government would follow Germany's lead and deal with their role in WWII, and not be in such a deep state of denial, they might be able to put the past behind them once and for all.


I spent half a year in Bavaria during the mid sixties and alas what I got out of this book is that not much has changed. Denial marches on.What the people of Dachau have to come to terms with is that they were part of and are now custodians of history. That men can do these things to each other has to be confronted. Otherwise it will go on -- whether it is in East Timor or Waco.The sign in the camp saying that the gas chamber was never used was there in the 1960's. At the time I thought it was an insult to my intelligence. Martin Zaidenstadt has confirmed my view that this monstrosity would never have been built without a purpose.My thanks go Timothy Ryback for putting together a signifcant book.

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Survivor-...4492639&sr=1-1
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  #1628  
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March 22


By Admiral:

1622 First American Indian war: The Powhattan Confederacy massacred 347-350 colonists in Virginia, a quarter of the population. On Good Friday over 300 colonists in and around Jamestown, Virginia, were massacred by the Powhatan Indians. The massacre was led by the Powhatan chief Opechancanough and began a costly 22-year war against the English. Opechancanough hoped that killing one quarter of Virginia’s colonists would put an end to the European threat. The result of the massacre was just the opposite, however, as English survivors regrouped and pushed the Powhattans far into the interior. Opechancanough launched his final campaign in 1644, when he was nearly 100 years old and almost totally blind. He was then captured and executed.
1814 American raiders attack Philipsburg, on the northern tip of Lake Champlain (on Missisquoi Bay). The raiders loot and burn the area around the settlement, but achieve little of military importance, resulting in a mutual policy of reprisals.
1820 The Decatur-Barron Duel: U.S. naval hero Commodore Stephen Decatur was killed in a duel with Commodore James Barron near Washington, D.C.
1865 Wilson's Raid Begins: Chickasaw, AL, to Macon, GA.
1907 Russians complete evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces.
1915 A German Zeppelin made a night raid on Paris railway stations.
1939 Germany marched into Klaipeda (Memel), Lithuania.
1942 Italo-German air raids on Malta.
1942 Atlantic:
*Unarmed U.S. tanker Naeco is torpedoed by German submarine U-124 at 33°59'N, 76°40'W. Cutter USCG Dione rescues 10 survivors from one lifeboat and two men from the sea; minesweeper USS Osprey rescues one survivor from a raft; tug Umpqua takes off one man who had returned to the ship after she had been abandoned. All told, 24 men perish with the ship, which later breaks in half (the stern section sinking). Destroyer USS Roper scuttles the bow section with gunfire.
*Unarmed U.S. tanker Muskogee is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-123 at 28°00'N, 58°00'W. U-123 draws near to the survivors on two rafts and questions them before clearing the area. None of the 34-man crew, however, are ever seen again.
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Gudgeon attacks Japanese convoy 30 miles north of Surabaya, Java, sinking army cargo ship Meigen Maru, 06°31'S, 112°47'E, and survives the resultant depth-charging by escort vessels.
*Submarine USS Tambor damages Japanese transport Bugen Maru in the Sulu Sea, off Negros, P.I., 08°58'N, 123°08'E.
*Subs USS Grampus and USS Amberjack declared overdue and presumed lost.
1943 Atlantic:
*USAAF aircraft (1st Antisubmarine Squadron) sink German submarine U-524 north of Canary Islands, 30°15'N, 18°13'W.
*USAAF heavy bombers raid Wilhelmshaven U-boat pens, sinking German tanker Eurosee.
1944 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Growler carries out unsuccessful attack on Japanese cargo vessel Teizui Maru, 27°55'N, 129°15'E
*Submarine USS Tunny damages Japanese tanker Iro west of the Palaus, 07°22'N, 132°08'E.
1945 Pacific:
*Patrols land on Inampulugan Island in Guimaras Strait, and destroy a Japanese mine control station and eliminate the small garrison there.
*Japanese aircraft attack American shipping in Lingayen Gulf. During the ensuing antiaircraft barrage, friendly fire damages U.S. freighter Ransom A. Moore; there are, however, no casualties among the merchant crew or the 27-man Armed Guard.
*Tank landing ship LST-727 is damaged by grounding off Iwo Jima, 24°46'N, 141°19'E.
*Submarine USS Perch sinks Japanese Communication Vessel No. 463 en route to Balikpapan, 01°03'S, 117°20'E.
*Japanese submarine chaser Ch 23 is damaged by mine at mouth of Yangtze River.
*Covered lighters YF-724 and YF-725 founder and sink in heavy weather 380 miles off the Farallones.
1945 Europe:
*German submarines attack Wales-bound convoy TBC 102 and Ghent, Belgium-bound convoy BTC 103. In the former, U-399 torpedoes and sinks U.S. freighter John R. Park, 49°56'N, 05°26'W (all hands are rescued by U.S. freighter American Press); in the latter, what is most likely U-1195 torpedoes and sinks freighter James Eagan Lane, 50°13'N, 04°14'W. British freighter Monkstone and rescue tug Flaunt rescue the survivors. A skeleton crew (including four Armed Guard sailors) reboard the freighter and rig the ship for towing. Tugs Flaunt and Atlas beach the ship at Whitesand Bay, but James Eagan Lane is ultimately written off as a total loss.
*U.S. freighter Charles D. McIver sinks after striking a mine as she leaves Antwerp, Belgium, in convoy ATM 100, 31°22'35"N, 03°05'50"W. British motor minesweeper BYMS 2279 rescues one of the four boatloads of survivors; the other three boatloads, rescued by a motor torpedo boat, find safety on board tank landing ship LST-430. Charles D. McIver is later written off as a total loss; there are no casualties among the merchant crew or the 27-man Armed Guard.
1968 General William Westmoreland was relieved of his duties in the wake of the Tet disaster. Troop strength under Westmoreland had reached over 500,000 and he wanted more. He was succeeded by Gen'l. Creighton Abrams. Abrams reversed Westmoreland's strategy. He ended major "search and destroy" missions and focused on protecting population centers. William Colby took charge of the pacification campaign.
1979 Israeli parliament approves peace treaty with Egypt.

By Cap. Teancum:

1849 - The Austrians defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Novara.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_...ara_%281849%29

1942 - World War II: In the Mediterranean Sea, Regia Marina defeats Royal Navy in the Second Battle of Sirte.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Sirte
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  #1629  
Old 22 Mar 07, 16:05
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Today's event:

1622 First American Indian war

Today's book:

Encyclopedia of American Indian Wars 1492-1890 by Jerry Keenan

Book Description:

An insightful and valuable resource on the major conflicts between American Indian tribes and Euro-American settlers from the arrival of Columbus to the Battle of Wounded Knee.

http://www.abc-clio.com/products/ove...oductid=109117
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  #1630  
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March 23


By Admiral:

1153 Treaty of Konstanz between Frederik I Barbarossa & Pope Eugene III
1657 France & England form alliance against Spain
1775 Patrick Henry says "But as for me, give me liberty or give me death!"
1776 A small group of 35 Canadian militia set out to surprise an American post at Pointe Levis and are themselves surprised when they are met by 80 Amercians. Outnumbered 2-to-1, the Canadians are forced to surrender.
1806 Fra Diavolo defeated by the French at Santa Oliva, northwest of Itri
1806 Lewis & Clark reach the Pacific Coast
1808 Napoleon makes his brother Joseph King of Spain
1815 USS Hornet captures HMS Penguin: The battle lasts just 22 minutes.
1849 Battle of Novara: Italians defeated by Austrians
1862 Battle of Kernstown, Va: Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
1864 Skirmish at Camden, Arkansas
1865 First black troops mustered into the Confederate Army
1882 SECNAV Hunt issues General Order No. 292 creating Office of Naval Intelligence.
1901 Brig Gen Frederick Funston personally captures Emilio Aguinaldo.
1915 British form the Zion Mule Corps.
1917 Launching of USS New Mexico, first dreadnought with turboelectric drive
1918 Lithuana proclaims independence from Russia
1918 Paris shelled by German super-heavy artillery.
1933 German Reichstag grants Adolph Hitler dictatorial powers
1934 Congress authorizes Philippine independence in 1946
1941 In the Pacific:
Heavy cruisers Chicago, (Cruisers Scouting Force) and Portland and destroyers Clark, Conyngham, Reid, Cassin and Downes, depart Sydney & steam for Brisbane, Australia.
1942 USS Gato is accidentally bombed: The nonrigid airship (blimp) TC 13 mistakenly releases her weapons upon the American submarine off the entrance to San Francisco Bay, California.
1942 Japanese occupy Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
1942 Andaman Is.: Japanese 18th Div occupies Port Blair, without opposition
1943 Submarine USS Kingfish depth charged off Formosa: At 26°20'N, 121°55'E, she is forced to terminate her patrol.
1943 USS Whale dodges her own torpedo: While attacking Japanese transport Ken'yo Maru about 130 miles northwest of Saipan, 17°20'N, 145°00'E; one of the submarines torpedoes circle back toward her, forcing the boat to "go deep". Regardless, she heads back and sinks the target.
1943 Naval Air Station established at Arzeu, Algeria; Advanced Amphibious Training Bases are established at Port Lyautey, Morocco, and at Nemours, Tenes, Beni Saf, and Mostaganem in Algeria.
1944 In the Pacific:
*Destroyers USS Franks and USS Haggard bombard Japanese installations on Mussau Islands in the St. Matthias group, Bismarck Archipelago.
*Tank landing craft LCT-315 is sunk by explosion of undetermined origin, Eniwetok Atoll. The blast levels buildings and tents nearby.
*Submarine USS Tunny sinks Japanese submarine I-42 six miles southwest of Angaur, Palaus, 06°40'N, 134°03'E.
1944 Naval Air Station Dunkeswell, England established.
1945 British Pacific Fleet joins the war against Japan
1945 LCVPs at work in the Rhine: TG 122.5.1 ferrys between 4,000 and 4,500 troops from General George S. Patton's Third Army as it crosses the Rhine at Oppenheim, Germany.
1945 U.S. tanker Oklahoma, bound for Dakar, French West Africa, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-532 in mid-Atlantic, 13°52'N, 41°17'W; 36 of the 46-man merchant complement, and 14 of the 26-man Armed Guard die in the resulting conflagration as the ship had been carrying a cargo of high-octane gasoline and kerosene
1945 In the Pacific:
*TF 58 begins daily strikes against Japanese shipping and installations in the Okinawa area. TF 58 planes sink army cargo ship Kachosan Maru 25 miles northwest of Okinawa, 30°23'N, 128°40'E. Cargo vessel No.19 Yamato Maru is also sunk in these strikes. In addition, TF 58 aircrew also claim sinking one midget submarine and damaging another, and damaging Coast Defense Ship No.29 and submarine chaser Ch 58 off Sotsukozaki.
*DestroyerUSS Haggard is damaged when she rams and sinks Japanese submarine RO 41 in the Philippine Sea, 22°57'N, 132°19'E.
Submarine USS Seahorse is damaged by aerial bomb off the Ryukyus, 26°00'N, 128°00'E.
*Submarine USS Spadefish attacks Japanese Sasebo-to-Ishigaki convoy SAI-05 in the East China Sea about 120 miles north-northwest of Amami O Shima, sinking transport Doryu Maru, 29°38'N, 127°36'E.
*Fleet tug Zuni is damaged by grounding off Iwo Jima, 24°46'N, 141°19'E.
*USAAF B-24 (5th Air Force) sinks Japanese cargo ship Hokka Go Maru (ex-Chinese Peihua) 110 miles northeast of Wenchow, China, 29°21'N, 122°66'E.
*USAAF B-24 attacks Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No.40, 26°58'N, 120°29'E, but although the airmen claim damage to their quarry, she in fact escapes undamaged.
*Japanese destroyer Kuri is damaged by mine at mouth of Yangtze River.
1957 US army sells its homing pigeons. They were the last.
1958 First launching of simulated Polaris missile from submerged tactical launcher facility off CA.
1965 LCDR John W. Young, USN, Pilot of Gemini 3 completed 3 orbits in 4 hours., 53 minutes at an altitude of 224 km. Recovery was by helicopters from USS Intrepid.
1978 Canadian peacekeepers arrive in southern Lebanon to establish a communications network for the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).

By Cap. Teancum:

1568 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. Again Catherine de Medici and Charles IX of France make substantial concessions to the Huguenots.

1801 - Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael Palace.

1983 - Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
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  #1631  
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Today's event:

1862 Battle of Kernstown, Va: Jackson begins his Valley Campaign

Today's book:

We Are in for It: The First Battle of Kernstown, March 23, 1862 by Gary L. Ecelbarger

Book Review:

Writing a readable book is not an easy task, writing a readable book about history is harder. Even harder is writing a readable book about an obscure historical event. Making the event real, immediate and understandable is an accomplishment that should be recognized. Mr. Ecelbarger manages to do this in a very real way.

This book succeeds on many levels, first it is well written, instructive and a pleasure to read. The central battle is not an isolated event but carefully placed within the fabric of the war, campaign and the local area. We understand what leads the armies to this particular place and why each side is making incorrect assessments. The aftermath is very well done giving us a balanced view of where the battle took the war and those that fought it. This little battle continued to reverberate for many years as participants attempted to justify there actions that day. The Jackson/Garnett controversy starts here but continues to our day. The charges, counter charges, defense and string pulling make a fascinating read. That Jackson managed to keep from losing and Garnett was never able to emerge from under the cloud the charges cast says much about the system and the men.

Most of all this is a battle book and it delivers a battle! The maps are plentiful and excellent! You will not get lost on the field and you will understand where things are. This is one of the strongest points of the book. The battle narration and the maps allow the reader to keep up and stay in position. I have never been to the field and read little about the battle but with them, I understood what was going on and never got lost.

Another major item is personalizing the men fighting the battle. It is hard to do this in a big battle when the participants have star power. Their are some stars on this field but the majority are just ordinary people participating in an extraordinary event. The author does an excellent job in telling us about them and what happed to them later. I always like this in small battle histories and it is well done and interesting.

Overall, this is an excellent book, well worth the money, an enjoyable read and a learning experience.


http://www.amazon.com/We-Are-First-B...4672684&sr=1-1
__________________
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  #1632  
Old 24 Mar 07, 11:56
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March 24


By Admiral:

1550 The Peace of Boulogne signed: It ended the war of England with Scotland and France. France bought back Boulogne for 400,000 crowns.
1765 Britain enacts the Quartering Act: It required American colonists to provide temporary housing to 10,000 British soldiers in public and private buildings.
1794 Revolutionary manifesto proclaimed in Cracow:. The Lithuanian and Polish nobility under the leadership of Tadas Kasciuska revolted against Russian control.
1904 Vice Adm. Togo sinks 7 Russian ships as the Japanese strengthen their blockade of Port Arthur.
1920 First Coast Guard air station established, Morehead City, NC.
1927 Communists seize Nanking: They break with Chiang Kai-shek over Nationalist Chinese goals.
1941 German attack near El Agheila, Libya.
1944 Maj Gen Orde Wingate, of the Chindits, killed in a plane crash in Burma.
1944 Nazis execute 300+ civilians near Rome: In reprisal for an attack by Italian partisans, who the day before killed 32 [33] German soldiers [policemen]. The Ardeatine Cave massacre near Rome, Italy, took place. In retaliation to the systematic murder of Nazi officers by the Italian underground, an SS officer ordered that 10 Italian civilian men be shot for every Nazi officer killed. The age of the civilians did not matter and so many teenagers and boys were among the dead found in the caves. Argentina extradited former Nazi officer, Erich Priebke, to Rome in 1995 to face trial for his role in the Ardeatine Caves massacre.
1944 The Great Escape: Allied officers escaped Stalag Luft 3.
1945 Operation Varsity: Allied airborne crossing of the Rhine.
1958 Elvis Presley inducted into the army in Memphis.
1959 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact: Gen. Qasim pulled Iraq out of the Baghdad Pact after the United States signed bilateral cooperation agreements with Turkey, Iran and Pakistan. A number of assassination attempts on Qasim failed including an attempt that included Baath Socialist Party activist Saddam Hussein.
1976 Pres Isabel Peron deposed by military: Gen. Jorge Rafael Videla led the military coup.
1986 US & Libya clash in Gulf of Sidra.
1999 Allied operations begin in Kosovo: They are known as Allied Force, Noble Anvil, Shining Hope and Falcon. NATO forces sent a broad wave of air attacks against Yugoslav forces in an attempt to halt the Serbian offensive in Kosovo. Cruise missiles and planes targeted military sites near Belgrade and some 40 sites in total. Initial reports said 10 people were killed and 38 wounded in the bombing. The airstrikes marked the first time in its 50-year existence that NATO had ever attacked a sovereign country.

By Cap. Teancum:

1387 - Battle of Margate. English fleet defeated French-Castilian fleet, capturing or destroying 100 ships.
Not a good site, but you can have a look on a original document:

http://www.jeanne-darc.dk/p_war/0_battles/margate.html

1566 - Garrison of Valenciennes surrenders - possible due to treachery - after only one day of bombardment.

1843 - Battle of Dubba. 5,000 British route 20,000 Baluchi troops.

http://www.ismaili.net/Source/jerruk/1.html
__________________
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Today's event:

1976 Pres Isabel Peron deposed by military: Gen. Jorge Rafael Videla led the military coup.

Today's book:

Guerrillas and Generals: The Dirty War in Argentina by Paul H. Lewis

Book Description:

Lewis provides a comprehensive, impartial examination of Argentina's "Dirty War." He analyzes the causes, describes the ideologies that motivated both sides, and explores the consequences of all-or-nothing politics. He begins by tracing the Dirty War's origins back to military interventions in the 1930s and 1940s, and the rise of General Juan Peron's populist regime, which resulted in the polarization of Argentine society. Peron's overthrow by the military in 1955 only heightened social conflict by producing a resistance movement out of which several guerrilla organizations would soon emerge. The ideologies, terrorist tactics, and internal dynamics of those underground groups are examined in detail, as well as their links to other movements in Argentina and abroad. The guerrillas reached the height of their influence when the military withdrew from power in 1973 and turned over the government to Peron's puppet president, Hector Campora. They quickly found themselves in opposition again after Peron returned from exile, and as Peronism dissolved into factions after Peron's death, the military prepared to take power again, inspired by a new "National Security Doctrine." The origins of this ideology in US Cold War doctrine and in French "revolutionary war" doctrine are fully explored, because the Argentine military's Dirty War strategy and tactics grew directly out of these ideas. The arrests, the treatment of prisoners, and the mindset of the interrogators are treated in detail. Special attention is given to the anti-guerrilla war in Tucuman's jungles, the strange history of David Graiver-the guerrillas' banker-and the Timerman case. In the last part of the book, Lewis describes the intrigues that undermined the military regime, its retreat from power, and the human rights trials that were held under the new democratic government. Those trials eventually were stopped by military revolts. Presidential pardons followed and have left Argentina divided once more. An important survey for scholars and students of Latin American politics, contemporary history, and civil-military relations.

http://www.amazon.com/Guerrillas-Gen...4748311&sr=1-3
__________________
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March 25


By Admiral:

1067 William the Conqueror orders 1st Doomsday Survey in England.
1537 5th Lithuanian war with Russia ends with peace treaty: It lasted until the start of war with the Livonian Order (1562-1582).
1655 Puritans jail Governor Stone: This after a military victory over Catholic forces in the colony of Maryland.
1776 Continental Congress authorizes a medal: It was for none other than General George Washington.
1799 French capture Florence.
1813 USS Essex takes HMS Neryeda: It was the 1st USN capture of an enemy ship in the Pacific. It was also the first time a US flag was flown in battle.
1820 Greek War for Independence begins.
1836 Texians win a small skirmish at Rocky Creek.
1843 17 Texians executed by Mexican firing squad: They had picked black beans from a jar otherwise filled with white beans. After months of raiding, captivity and escapes in Northern Mexico, Mexican president Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna ordered the execution of one tenth of the 176 Texas freebooters of the Mier Expedition.
1863 Skirmish at Brentwood, Tennessee.
1863 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded.
1864 Battle of Paducah, Ky. (Forrest's raid)
1865 Battle of Bluff Spring, FL.
1865 Battle of Fort Stedman, VA: Lee's last offensive. Confederate forces capture the fort during the siege of Petersburg, Va.
1865 Battle of Mobile. (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
1879 Japan invaded the kingdom of Liuqiu (Ryukyu) Islands: It was formerly a vassal of China.
1898 Theodore Roosevelt urges USNto support Samuel Langley's aviation experiments.
1905 Most battle flags captured during the Civil War are returned to the South
1915 First US submarine disaster: USS F-4 sinks off Hawaii, 21 die
1936 Britain, US & France sign naval accord in London.
1937 Pact of Belgrade: Italy & Yugoslavia sign a non-agression treaty
1940 US gives Britain & France access to American warplanes.
1941 Yugoslavia joins the Axis powers.
1941 Pacific:
*Heavy cruisers USS Chicago and USS Portland and destroyers USS Clark, USS Conyngham, USS Reid, USS Cassin and USS Downes, arrive at Brisbane, Australia.
*TG 9.2, comprising light cruisers USS Brooklyn, USS Savannah and destroyers USS Case, USS Shaw and USS Tucker, arrive at Tahiti.
1942 Atlantic:
*Dutch tanker Ocana is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-552 at 42°36'N, 64°25'W; destroyer USS Mayo rescues four survivors.
1944 Pacific:
*Destroyer escort USS Manlove and submarine chaser PC-1135 sink Japanese submarine I-32, 50 miles south of Wotje, 08°30'N, 170°10'E.
*Submarine USS Pollack attacks Japanese convoy, and sinks submarine chaser Ch 54, about 50 miles north of Muko Jima, Bonins, 28°44'N, 141°45'E.
1944 76 Allied airmen escape Stalag Luft III: The adventure in Sagan, East Prussia ends in tragedy for 50 POWs when they are captured by the SS and executed by the Gestapo.
1944 RAF Sgt. Nickolas Alkemade survives jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet without a parachute.
1945 US 4th AD captures Hanau and Aschaffenburg.
1945 US 1st Army breaks out of Remagen bridgehead.
1945 Pacific:
*TF 54 battleships, cruisers, and destroyers bombard Kerama Retto and southeast coast of Okinawa, Ryukyus; bombardment continues daily. Off Okinawa, kamikazes damage destroyer USS Kimberley, 26°02'N, 126°54'E; light minelayer USS Robert H. Smith, 26°00'N, 128°00'E; high speed transport USS Gilmer, 26°00'N, 127°20'E; destroyer escort USS Sederstrom is damaged in collision with escort carrier USS Sangamon, 25°00'N, 130°00'E; high speed transport USS Knudsen is damaged by horizontal bomber, 26°12'N, 127°04'E.
*Submarine USS Tirante sinks Japanese auxiliary netlayer Fuji Maru off Tori Jima, Japan, 31°08'N, 130°30'E.
*TF 58 planes sink Japanese merchant cargo ships No.5 Okinoyama Maru and Chokai Maru near Naha, Okinawa, 26°13'N, 127°39'E. Auxiliary submarine chaser Sobun Maru is damaged between Yaku Jima and Amami O Shima.
*USAAF B-24s (5th Air Force) sink Japanese Kori Go Maru (ex-Chinese Houlee) in Yangtze estuary near Shanghai, 31°11'N, 122°23'E.
1953 USS Missouri fired on targets at Kojo, NK: It would be the last time her guns fire in anger until the Persian Gulf War of 1992.
1958 Canada’s era of supersonic flight began: Pilot Jan Zurakowski took off from Malton Airport near Toronto in an Avro CF-105 Arrow for a 35-minute maiden flight. Less than a month later, Zurakowski flew the Arrow at Mach 1.5 at an altitude of 50,000 feet. In spite of the aircraft’s early promise, the Canadian government scrapped the project before the Arrow could be put into production.
1960 1st guided missile launched from nuclear submarine: USS Halibut.
1981 US Embassy in San Salvador attacked: It was damaged by gunmen firing rocket propelled grenades and machine guns.
1986 US emergency aid for the Honduran army: U.S. helicopters took Honduran troops to the Nicaraguan border.
1994 US troops complete withdrawal from Somalia: 20,000 U.N. troops were left behind to keep the peace and facilitate "nation building."
1996 Ban nuclear weapons in South Pacific: France, Britain & US signed a treaty to reduce tensions in the region. China halts its 18-day naval exercises around Taiwan led by the new guided-missile destroyer Harbin.
1999 NATO forces struck Serbian air defenses: and other sites for a second night as Serb forces stepped up their efforts to crush resistance in Kosovo. The village of Goden was burned by Serb forces and 174 residents were forced to leave. 20 men were kept back and presumed killed.
2003 7th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom: US aircraft dropped more than 2,000 precision-guided bombs on Iraq since the war's start. The "smart" bombs were produced for a relatively cheap $20,000 each. Sandstorms slowed coalition movement and air missions. US officials reported 150-200 Iraqi soldiers were killed near Najaf. The US Navy brought in 2 specially trained bottle-nosed Atlantic dolphins to help ferret out mines in the approaches of the port of Umm Qasr. Six satellite jamming devices, which Iraq was using to try to thwart American precision guided weapons, were destroyed in the last 2 nights.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1635  
Old 25 Mar 07, 10:41
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Today's event:

1865 Battle of Mobile. (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)

Today's book:

Battle of Mobile Bay by Franklin Buchanan (Author), David G. Farragut (Author), John F. Wakefield (Editor)

Book Description:

This volume from the "Incidents in the American Civil War" series contains the edited battle reports of five Union and six Confederate officers who participated in the Battle of Mobile Bay in 1864. Featured reports are by David G. Farragut, Rear-Admiral, USN, and Franklin Buchanan, Admiral, CSN. Other reports are by commanders of United States Steamers Hartford, Metacomet, Brooklyn and the monitor Manhattan; Confederate States Steamers Gaines, Selma, Morgan and the ram Tennessee. Also included is General Orders No. 10, preparing the Union fleet for battle; the battle report of Brig. Gen. R. L. Page (CSA), commanding Fort Morgan; and a report of casualties. Finely reproduced illustrations include three period maps plus a central map of battle; portraits of six commanding officers and four ships; and etchings of nine battle scenes.
Preface to the second edition by John F. Wakefield.


http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Mobile-...4829883&sr=1-4
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


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