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Go Back   Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History > Historical Events & Eras > Warfare Through the Ages

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Warfare Through the Ages Roman, Greek, Japanese, etc. Topics cover all manner of pre-modern warfare and empire-building and crushing.

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  #1606  
Old 11 Mar 07, 12:29
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Cap. Teancum Cap. Teancum is offline
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 11


By Admiral:

222 Varius A. Bassianus (18), Syrian Emperor of Rome (218-22), was murdered.
537 Goths besiege Belisarius in Rome
1302 Romeo and Juliet were married on this day, according to Shakespeare. War???
1649 The Peace of Rueil was signed between the Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government.
1666 A French strike force, decimated by exposure and harrying Iroquois attacks, arrives in Montreal after having lost 100 men from an original force of 500.
1779 US Army Corps of Engineers established
1795 Battle at Kurdla, India: Mahratten beat Moguls.
1810 Emperor Napoleon marries Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria by proxy
1861 Confederate convention in Montgomery, adopts constitution
1824 The U.S. War Department created the Bureau of Indian Affairs. A lifelong friend and trusted aide of Ulysses S. Grant, Ely Parker rose to the top in two worlds, that of his native Seneca Indian tribe and the white man's world at large. He went on to become the first Indian to lead the Bureau.
1845 Seven hundred Maoris led by their chief, Hone-Heke, burned the small town of Kororareka in protest at the settlement of Maoriland by Europeans, in breach with the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
1862 Lincoln confines George B. McClellen's command to the Army of the Potomac
1862 Lincoln makes Henry Halleck general-in-chief
1863 A naval engagement occurred between the CSS Alabama and the USS Hatteras.
1863 Union troops under General Ulysses S. Grant gave up their preparations to take Vicksburg after failing to pass Fort Pemberton, north of Vicksburg.
1865 General Sherman and his forces occupied Fayetteville, N.C. Union General William Sherman considered Judson Kilpatrick, his cavalry chief, "a hell of a damn fool." At Monroe's Cross Roads, N.C., his carelessness and disobedience of orders proved Sherman's point.
1884 A bad day in Khartoum: General Gordon learned that the telegraph cable to Cairo had been cut. Khartoum soldiers killed 5 Mahdists at Halfaya. Mahdist insurgents in return massacred 150 men from the Khartoum garrison as they were cutting wood.
1917 British troops capture Baghdad
1918 Bolsheviks make Moscow capital of Russia
1935 Hermann Goering made the German Airforce an official organ of the Reich.
1938 The Anschluss: Germany begins occupation of Austria, completed March 13
1941 FDR signs the Lend-Lease Act.
1942 Paris: First deportation train leaves for Auschwitz
1942 Pacific:
*Lieutenant General Douglas MacArthur and Rear Admiral Francis W. Rockwell depart Luzon, with their respective staffs, in motor torpedo boats PT-32, PT-34, PT-35, and PT-41, bound for Mindanao. For his role in the evacuation, as well as other operations in the Philippines since the start of hostilities, Lieutenant John D. Bulkeley, Commander, Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 3, will receive the Medal of Honor.
*Submarine USS Pollack, operating in the East China Sea about 270 miles east of Shanghai, sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Fukushu Maru, 30°53'N, 126°20'E and passenger-cargo ship Baikal Maru, 31°00'N, 126°32'E.
*Japanese troops begin landing on Northern Sumatra.
1942 Atlantic:
Unarmed U.S. freighter Texan is torpedoed, shelled, and sunk by German submarine U-126 about 40 miles east of Nuevitas, Cuba, 21°32'N, 76°24'W; Cuban fishing boat Yoyo rescues survivors.
*Unarmed U.S. freighter Caribsea is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-158 about 14 miles east of Cape Lookout, North Carolina, 34°40'N, 76°10'W; U.S. freighter Norlindo rescues survivors.
*Coastal minesweeper AMc-202, at 40°32'N, 71°40'W, rescues seven survivors from Brazilian steamship Cayru, sunk by German submarine U-94 on 9 March, and transports them to New London, Connecticut.
1943 American Volunteer Group ("Flying Tigers") renamed Fourteenth Air Force
1944 Pacific:
Japanese submarine RO-110 is sunk by Indian Navy sloop HMIS Jumna and Australian minesweepers *HMAS Ipswich and HMAS Launceston 17 miles south of Vizagapatam, 17°25'N, 83°21'E.
*Submarine USS Bowfin sinks Japanese army cargo ship Tsukikawa Maru, west of Halmahera Island, 01°25'S, 128°14'E. Japanese minelayer IJN Wakatake and army aircraft carry out ineffective counterattack on USS Bowfin, which attacks, unsuccessfully, Asaka Maru, which is rescuing Tsukikawa Maru's survivors.
*Japanese cargo ship Daitoku Maru is sunk in collision with cargo ship No.6 Daiboshi Maru in the Sea of Japan, 40°10'N, 137°41'E.
1944 Mediterranean:
*Commander Cruiser Division 8 breaks flag in French light cruiser FS Emile Bertin and takes operational command of FS Emile Bertin, FS Gloire, FS Georges Leygues, and FS Duguay-Trouin for training purposes.
*USAAF aircraft sink German submarines U-380 and U-410, Toulon, France.
1945 In European waters:
*LCVPs (TG 122.5.1) go into action 200 miles from the sea, sailors assisting in erecting and maintaining an army pontoon bridge at the Remagen bridgehead. Navy support of the army's crossing the Rhine River proves invaluable and adds greatly to the successful invasion of the enemy's homeland.
*USAAF heavy bombers (Eighth Air Force) sink German submarines U-2515 and U-2530 during raid on Hamburg, Germany.
*PB4Y-1 (VPB 103) sinks German submarine U-681 southwest of the Scilly Islands, 49°53'N, 06°31'W.
1945 Pacific
*Army troops, landed on 10 March, take Zamboanga, Mindanao
*Japanese land attack planes [FRANCES] - flying directly from Kanoya, Japan - attack U.S. fleet anchorage at Ulithi Atoll; One FRANCES kamikaze crashes the carrier USS Randolph in its position on 'Murderers Row' 10°01'N, 139°40'E, and another crashes USS Sorlen Island. Salvage vessel USNS Current is damaged by collision with USS Randolph during fire-fighting operations.
*Submarine USS Segundo sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Shori Maru off Shori Island southern Korea, 34°25'N, 127°54'E.
*PBM-3D (VPB 28) attacks Japanese convoy in South China Sea, sinking water carrier Wayo Maru about 40 miles southeast of Macao, 21°31'N, 112°28'E.
*USAAF B-25s bomb Japanese shipping off Tourane, French Indochina, sinking motor sailships Kinsei Maru, Namikiri Maru and No.3 Hinode Maru.
*Japanese merchant trawler Koko Maru is sunk by USAAF mine in Yangtze River, 31°22'N, 121°34'E.
1945 Air attack on Essen: 1,000 Allied bombers drop 4,662 tons of bombs visiting immense destruction upon the city.
1949 HMCS Crescent arrives at Nanking at 5:00 this evening. The warship has made the journey up the Yangtze River in case Canadian nationals need to be evacuated from mainland China. (Chinese Nationalist and Communist forces are at war.) The vessel's stay in these waters will be uneventful.
1958 B-47E accidentally drops a Mk 6 30 kiloton atomic bomb, Mars Bluff, SC 1966 Military coup in Indonesia led by Gen Suharto
1985 Mikhail S Gorbachev succeeds the late Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader
1990 Lithuania declares independence form the USSR.

By Cap. Teancum:

1861 - American Civil War: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is adopted.

1900 - Second Boer War: Boer leader Paul Kruger's peace overtures are rejected by Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Lord Salisbury.

1936 - British Prime Minister pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1607  
Old 11 Mar 07, 12:37
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Join Date: Jul 2005
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1845 Seven hundred Maoris led by their chief, Hone-Heke, burned the small town of Kororareka in protest at the settlement of Maoriland by Europeans, in breach with the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

Today's book:

To Face the Daring Maoris: Soldiers' Impressions of the First Maori War 1845-47 by Michael Barthorp

Book Review:

"..the story of the First Maori War of 1845-47 told through the letters and diaries of a shrewd cross-section of those British soldiers wh o fought and retreated, lived to fight another day, or died in the mud of the North Island of New Zealand. The men were mostly from the 58th Rutlandshire Regiment of Foot which had been stationed in New South Wales. Facing the daring Maoris was a decided change from patrolling Norfolk Island penal settlement or accompanying convict ships to Australia. Together with detachments of other regiments and men of the Royal Navy, they found themselves pitted against an organised warrior elite with , on their own part, totally inadequate resources and appalling leadership. It was forty years since Despard, the force commander, had seen active service and his total inability to adapt to circumstances made him no match for such men as Hone Hek e and Kawiti. Despard's blunders are recorded with bitter frustration by Major Cyprian Bridge, commanding the 58th, while diarists from the ranks also air more basic grievances about food and conditions and night marching in full kit through seas o f mud. Together these narratives offer vivid, firsthand pictures of th engagements which marked the course of the war, at Puketutu, Ohaeawai, Ruapekapeka, the Hutt Valley and Wanganui, and they show as well pungent glimpses of the discomforts, rout in e, hopes and disappointments of daily life between the battle pieces. Michael Barthorp himself fleshes out the action with much useful background detail and provides an invaluable chapter on the conditions and state of the British Infantry in th e m iddle of the last century."

http://antiqbook.com/boox/cap/18038.shtml
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1608  
Old 12 Mar 07, 04:06
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 12


By Admiral:

1212 Frederick II "Stupor Mundi" lands at Gaeta to assert his claim to Naples
1496 Jews are expelled from Syria
1569 Zigmantas Augustas broke away from Lithuania and attached Volinija and Palenki to Poland.
1799 Austria declares war on France.
1809 Great Britain signs a treaty with Persia: Forcing the French out of the country is its primary aim.
1848 Second French Republic established.
1863 The Battle of Raymond, Mississippi.
1865 Skirmish near Lone Jack, Missouri.
1867 Last French troops leave Mexico, abandoning the Emperor Maximilian.
1879 The British Zulu War begins: Colonel Henry Evelyn Wood had expected little trouble as his cavalry ascended Holbane Mountain. What he got was a Zulu army, 22,000 men strong.
1909 Parliament increases naval appropriations for Britain.
1917 Russian troops mutiny: It becomes known as the "February Revolution."
1938 The Anschluss is fully underway: Germany invaded Austria after the Austrian Nazi Party invited German troops. The union came to be know as the Anschluss. Hitler took over Austria, as his mission to restore his homeland to the Third Reich, and a chunk of Czechoslovakia. The Nazis took over Austria and expelled all Jews and other political opponents from the universities.
1940 Russo-Finnish War ends: Finland and the Soviet Union concluded an armistice during World War II effectively ending the 'Winter War'. Finnish desire to win back territory lost to Soviet encroachment (city of Viborg and areas along Finland's eastern borders) will push them closer toward the Axis. Fighting between the two countries flared again the following year.
1941 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
1941 Pacific:
*Heavy cruisers USS Chicago and USS Portland, accompanied by destroyers USS Clark, USS Conyngham, USS Cassin, USS Downes, and USS Reid depart Samoan waters for Sydney, Australia. Light cruisers USS Brooklyn, USS Savannah, and destroyers USS Case, USS Shaw, and USS Cummings steam for Auckland, New Zealand. Oiler Sangamon, that had accompanied the aforementioned cruisers and destroyers from Pearl Harbor, sets course for Hawaiian waters.
1941 Naval Air Station, Corpus Christi, Texas, is established.
1942 British garrison of Port Blair, Andaman Is., evacuated by sea.
1942 Admiral Ernest J King becomes CinCUS & CNO: By executive order President Roosevelt combines duties of Commander in Chief US Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations .
1942 Pacific:
*U.S. Army troops arrive on New Caledonia to establish a base at Nouméa.
*Japanese troops land at Sabang, in northern Sumatra.
1942 Atlantic:
*U.S. tanker John D. Gill is torpedoed and irreparably damaged by German submarine U-158 off Frying Pan Shoals, 33°55'N, 77°39'W. Four of the seven-man Armed Guard are lost. Cutter USCG-186 and cutter USCG Agassiz rescue one group of survivors, tanker Robert H. Colley the remainder. John D. Gill sinks the next morning.
*German submarine U-126 torpedoes unarmed U.S. freighters off the coast of Cuba, sinking Olga off Camaguey, 23°39'N, 77°00'W, and damaging Colabee about 10 miles off Cape Guajaba, 22°14'N, 77°35'W. Colabee drifts ashore and grounds on a shoal; Cuban ship Oriente rescues one group of survivors (and then tows the damaged ship off the shoal), tanker Cities Service Kansas the other. Cuban Navy vessels later salvage the ship.
*First British armed trawlers sent to augment U.S. Navy patrol force efforts off the German submarine-plagued Eastern Seaboard, HMS Wastwater and HMS Le Tigre, begin patrol operations in Third Naval District waters. They are assigned duties off Atlantic City and Barnegat, New Jersey.
1942 Joseph Stilwell arrives in Burma as combined U.S. and Chinese commander.
1943 Soviet troops liberate Vyazma
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Plunger sinks Japanese water carrier Taihosan Maru off Ponape, Carolines, 07°15'N, 159°10'E.
1943 U.S. holds a "Pacific Military Conference," in Washington, to discuss plans.
1943 Atlantic:
*German submarines begin gathering to attack convoy UGS 6, which is being shepherded by seven U.S. destroyers. USS Champlin sinks U-130 (which had first sighted UGS 6), 37°10'N, 40°21'W.
*HMS Quadrant rescues ten survivors from sunken U.S. freighter City of Flint after 46 days on a lifeboat. Survivors include 3 Naval Armed Guards.
*Destroyer USS Belknap rescues seven Armed Guard sailors, survivors from freighter Jonathan Sturges, along with three Dutch seamen from torpedoed motorship Madoera, both merchantmen the victims of U-707 on 23 February 1943.
*Sole survivor of U.S. freighter Puerto Rican, torpedoed and sunk on 9 March by German submarine U-586 as the former straggled from convoy RA 53, is rescued by British trawler HMS St. Elstan.
1944 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Flying Fish sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Taijin Maru about 10 miles northwest of Daito Jima, approximately 175 miles southeast of the Ryukyus, 25°53'N, 131°19'E.
*Submarine USS Gato sinks Japanese army cargo ship No.3 Okinoyama Maru north of New Guinea, 01°15'S, 133°20'E.
*PBYs attack Japanese convoy en route to Hollandia, sinking motor sailboat Hosho Maru.
*Heavy fighting on the Shimbu Line on Luzon.
1944 Mediterranean:
*Submarine chaser PC-624 is damaged when she runs aground three miles east of Palermo, Sicily.
*Light cruisers USS Philadelphia and USS Brooklyn provide gunfire support off Anzio; they repeat the missions on the 13th. On both occasions they encounter shore battery fire without damage.
1945 Incendiary balloon shot down near Coal Harbour, on Vancouver Island. Launched from Japan and carried across the Pacific by winter winds, the enemy expects them to land in Canada's forests and begin huge fires. Unfortunately for the Japanese, most of the intended target areas are covered in snow and mist - hardly conducive to massive conflagrations.
1945 Pacific:
*Japanese guardboats No.1 Hinode Maru and Shosei Maru, are sunk by U.S. aircraft east of the Ryukyus, 26°54'N, 131°38'E
*Heavy fighting on the Shimbu Line on Luzon.
1945 USSR gives Transylvania to Romania
1945 30 people executed in Amsterdam at the hand of its Nazi occupiers.
1945 A Japanese incendiary balloon is shot down near Coal Harbour, on Vancouver Island. Launched from Japan and carried across the Pacific by winter winds, the enemy expects them to land in Canada's forests and begin huge fires. Unfortunately for the Japanese, most of the intended target areas are covered in snow and mist - hardly conducive to massive conflagrations.
1946 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1947 Truman Doctrin unveiled: Pres. Truman outlined the Truman Doctrine of economic and military aid to nations threatened by Communism. The doctrine was intended to speed recovery of Mediterranean countries. He specifically requested aid for Greece and Turkey to resist Communism.
1951 North Korean/Red Chinese troops driven out of Seoul
1957 German DR accepts Soviet troops They come in the form of 22 Russian armed divisions.
1981 Soyuz T-4 carries 2 Cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station
1985 US & USSR begin arms control talks They are held in Geneva.
1992 UN Security Council stands firm with Iraq: It demands that Iraq comply totally with Gulf War cease-fire resolutions, rebuffing an appeal for leniency from Saddam Hussein's special envoy, deputy prime minister Tariq Aziz. The issue will not be settled for more than a decade.
1993 Terrorist bomb attack in Bombay, 317 die
1999 Poland, Hungary & the Czech Republic join NATO: It formaly occurs in a ceremony at Independence, Mo., where Pres. Truman announced in 1949 the formation of the Atlantic alliance for defense against the Soviet bloc.

By Cap. Teancum:

538 - Vittigis, king of the Goths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
1664 - New Jersey becomes a colony of Britain.
1868 - Henry James O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
1968 - Mauritius achieves independence.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1609  
Old 12 Mar 07, 04:10
Cap. Teancum's Avatar
Cap. Teancum Cap. Teancum is offline
General of the Forums
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Join Date: Jul 2005
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Posts: 5,983
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1879 The British Zulu War begins: Colonel Henry Evelyn Wood had expected little trouble as his cavalry ascended Holbane Mountain. What he got was a Zulu army, 22,000 men strong.

Today's book:

Zulu War 1879: Twilight of a Warrior Nation by Ian Castle

Book Description:

In the late 1870s the British Imperial administration in the Cape colony in southern Africa began to view the Zulu kingdom as a challenge to their authority.To contain this perceived threat, they engineered a war. The early campaigns went terribly wrong, with the decisive Zulu victory at Isandlwana. Ultimately however, the British won the war. The Zulus, primarily reliant on their skill with the stabbing spear, had no real defence or retaliation against the massed firepower of professional British soldiers. Ian Castle examines the British-Zulu war and its two key battles, Isandlwana and Khambula, with excellent black and white photographs accompanying the clear and detailed text.

http://www.amazon.com/Zulu-War-1879-...3683326&sr=1-2
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1610  
Old 13 Mar 07, 04:44
Cap. Teancum's Avatar
Cap. Teancum Cap. Teancum is offline
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Real Name: Luis Manuel Ribeiro Alves dos Reis
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Valadares - V. N. Gaia
Posts: 5,983
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 13


By Admiral:

1401 1st Samogitian uprising supported by Vytautas took place against the German knights.
1519 Cortez lands in Mexico: The Spaniards landed at Veracruz in Mexico with 10 stallions, 5 mares and a foal.
1569 Battle of Jarnac: Count of Anjou defeats the Huguenots. Louis Conde, French Prince & co-leader of Huguenots KIA.
1777 Congress ordered its European envoys to appeal to high-ranking foreign officers to send troops to reinforce the American army.
1792 Cape Noli: Battle begins between Anglo-Neapolitan and French fleets.
1836 King's Defeat: Small Texian band loses to a larger Mexican force.
1861 Jefferson Davis signs a bill authorizing slaves to be used as soldiers for the Confederacy.
1865 Confederate Congress authorizes enlistment of up to 300,000 slaves as soldiers.
1881 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, was assassinated. A bomb was thrown at him near his palace by the anarchist group People’s Will led by Sophia Perovskaya. He was succeeded by his son Alexander III. A wave of repression and persecution followed.
1884 The Mahdi seige of Khartoum begins: It was defended by General "Chinese" Gordon who ordered a counter-attack at Halfaya and troops rescued some 500 from a Mahdist assault.
1895 Spanish warship Reina Regente sinks off Gibraltar, 402 die.
1895 Award of first submarine building contract to John P. Holland Torpedo Boat Co.
1915 Germans repell a British Expeditionary Force attack at the battle of Neuve Chapelle in France.
1915 No. 2 General Hospital enters France upon crossing the English Channel. There are already 35 nursing sisters from the Dominion working with the wounded from the Western Front. The care given by these women will be a welcome relief to many allied troops.
1917 Armed merchant ships authorized to take action against U-boats.
1920 The "Kapp Putcsh" in Berlin fails.
1921 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China.
1933 Josef Gobbels becomes Hitler's Minister of Information & Propaganda.
1940 Fleet Landing Exercise (FLEX) No. 6 concludes at Culebra, Puerto Rico. The Fleet Marine Force makes progress in developing techniques for rubber boat landings, getting heavy combat materiel ashore, and improving ship-to-shore supply.
1941 Hitler issued an edict calling for an invasion of the USSR.
1942 Pacific:
*Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-25 reconnoiters Auckland, New Zealand.
Lieutenant General Douglas MacArthur and Rear Admiral Francis W. Rockwell, with their respective staffs, reach Cagayan, Mindanao, after a 560-mile voyage in heavy to moderate seas, in motor torpedo boats PT-32, PT-34, PT-35, and PT-41. PT-32 becomes disabled during the operation, and is scuttled by gunfire of submarine USS Permit one mile southwest of Taguayan Island, P.I., 10°58'N, 121°12'E.
*Submarine USS Gar torpedoes and sinks Japanese victualling stores ship Chichibu Maru between six and ten miles southwest of Mikura Jima, south of Tokyo Bay, Japan, 33°53'N, 139°29.5'E.
*Japanese minesweeper No.2 Tama Maru sinks as the result of damage inflicted by U.S. Navy carrier-based planes on 10 March during the Lae-Salamaua Raid.
*Japanese troops land on Buka, in the Bismarcks, and begin building an airfield.
1942 Atlantic:
*Unarmed U.S. schooner Albert F. Paul is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-332 off the east coast of the United States, 26°00'N, 72°00'W. There are no survivors.
*Chilean freighter Tolten is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-404 off Barnegat, New Jersey, 40°10'N, 73°50'W; subsequently, plane en route from Langley Field to Mitchell Field sights one survivor on a life raft at 39°50'N, 73°40'W; Cutter USCG Antietam, coastal minesweeper AMc-200 are sent to the scene; NAS Lakehurst sends three L-type blimps, one of which, L 2, ultimately sights the raft seen earlier that day. Net tender Larch rescues the one survivor of what was a crew of between 16 and 21 men.
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Grayback damages Japanese transport Noshiro Maru 100 miles northwest of Bismarck Archipelago, 00°10'S, 151°06'E.
*Submarine USS Sunfish sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Kosei Maru near Tokara Jima, Ryukyus, 29°04'N, 129°17'E.
*Dutch submarine O 21 sinks Japanese cargo ship Kasuga Maru off Port Blair, Andaman Islands, 11°40'N, 92°50'E.
*USAAF B-17s bomb Japanese convoy off Wewak, sinking cargo vessel Momoyama Maru; submarine USS Greenling witnesses attacks.
1943 Atlantic:
*German submarine U-68 attacks Aruba-bound convoy GAT 49, and torpedoes U.S. tanker Cities Service Missouri, at 14°10'N, 74°40'W. Destroyer USS Biddle rescues survivors, who include the 11-man Armed Guard.
1943 Mediterranean:
*German submarine U-172 torpedoes U.S. freighter Keystone, straggling from convoy UGS 6, at 38°10'N, 37°58'W. The initial explosion kills one Armed Guard sailor and a merchant seaman; these are the only casualties suffered by the ship, which is abandoned. Portuguese steamship Sines rescues the survivors.
1943 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight.
1943 Japanese 55th Div attacks the Indian 14th Indian Div in the Arakan.
1944 Pacific:
Submarine USS Sand Lance attacks Japanese convoy off Honshu, sinking light cruiser IJN Tatsuta and cargo ship Kokuyo Maru 150 miles south-southwest of Yokosuka, 32°48'N, 139°08'E. Following those attacks, Japanese escort vessels drop 105 depth charges and keep USS Sand Lance at deep submergence for 18.5 hours.
*Submarine USS Tautog sinks Japanese army cargo ship Ry_a Maru and transport Shojin Maru about 20 miles west of Rashuwa Island, Kurils, 47°38'N, 152°38'E.
*PBYs bomb Japanese shipping off Pelillo Island, 02°09'S, 140°19'E, sinking small cargo ship Hara Maru.
1944 Indian Ocean:
*U.S. tanker H.D.Collier is torpedoed and shelled by Japanese submarine I-26 at 21°30'N, 66°11'E, and abandoned; of the 28-man Armed Guard, 12 perish in the action.
1944 Atlantic:
TBF (VC 95) from escort carrier USS Bogue, along with destroyer USS Hobson, destroyer escort USS Haverfield, Canadian armed merchant cruiser HMCS Prince Rupert, and British Flying Fortress (No.220 Squadron) sink German submarine U-575, North Atlantic,46°18'N, 27°34'W.
1945 Indian 26th Div in amphibious "end run" to trap Japanese in the Arakan.
1945 Pacific:
*USAAF B-24s and B-25s on antishipping sweeps off the China coast between Foochow and Hong Kong attack Japanese convoy KAI-311, sinking cargo vessels No.12 Aikoku Maru and 37 Kokoku Maru, 18 Tarumizu Maru and No.34 Tarumizu Maru.
*USAAF B-24s (5th Air Force) sink Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No.66 and transport Masajima Maru in South China Sea east of Swatow, 23°30'N, 117°10'E.
*Army barge PSB 111 runs aground on northeast side of Seguam Island Aleutians, but is pulled free by fleet tug Sarsi.
1945 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands after nearly five years of exile.
1945 Peru declares war on Germany.
1957 Havana: Anti-Batista demonstration sparks bloody rioting.
1963 Russian conduct two reconnasissance flights over Alaska.
1963 USS Albany and aircraft from Navy Airborne Early Warning Squadron Four from Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico aid five ill crewmembers of Norwegian freighter Jotunfjell.
1990 Indian troops leave Sri Lanka.
1992 Canadian engineers arrive in Duravar, Croatia. A brutal civil war has been tearing apart Yugoslovia and the 300 Canadians are present to clear away minefields and build shelters for U.N. troops.

By Cap. Teancum:

1862 - American Civil War: The US federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.

1900 - Boer Wars: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.

1954 - Battle of Dien Bien Phu: Viet Minh forces attack the French.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dien_Bien_Phu
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  #1611  
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Today's event:

1569 Battle of Jarnac: Count of Anjou defeats the Huguenots. Louis Conde, French Prince & co-leader of Huguenots KIA

Today's book:

The French Religious Wars 1562-1598 by Robert Knecht

Book Description:

The eight French Wars of Religion began in 1562 and lasted for 36 years. Although the wars were fought between Catholics and Protestants, this books draws out in full the equally important struggle for power between the king and the leading nobles, and the rivalry between the nobles themselves as they vied for control of the king. In a time when human life counted for little, the destruction reached its height in the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre when up to 10,000 Protestants lost their lives.

http://www.amazon.com/French-Religio...772083&sr=1-12
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  #1612  
Old 14 Mar 07, 11:30
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March 14


By Admiral:

1757 Admiral John Byng executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty.
1792 Cape Noli: Anglo-Neapolitan fleet defeats French. (began Mar 13th)
1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812.
1836 Battle of Refugio: Mexicans capture Texian force.
1862 Battle of New Bern, NC: General Burnside conquered the city which was a strategic port and rail hub.
1863 Rear Admiral David Farragut's squadron of 7 ships forces way up Mississippi River to support Union troops at Vicksburg and Baton Rouge.
1914 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty ending Second Balkan War.
1915 The British Navy sank the German battleship DKM Dresden off the Chilean coast.
1916 Battle of Verdun begins: Germans attack French on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun.
1918 All-Russian Congress of Soviets ratified a peace treaty with the Central Powers.
1942 Atlantic:
*Amphibious Force Atlantic Fleet is established.
Unarmed U.S. collier Lemuel Burrows is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-404 off Atlantic City, New Jersey, 39°18'N, 74°16'W. Freighter Sewalls Point rescues one group of survivors; a boat from James Elwood Jones the other.
*Panamanian motorship Annetta I rescues the last survivor of unarmed U.S. tanker J.N. Pew, sunk by German submarine U-67 on 21 February; 33 of the 36-man crew are lost.
1943 Germans reoccupy Kharkov in the Soviet Union.
1943 Atlantic:
*Fleet Operational Training Command, Atlantic Fleet is established.
1943 Indian Ocean:
*Off Durban, South Africa, SAAF crash boat rescues 13 survivors of U.S. freighter James B. Stephens, torpedoed by German submarine U-160 on 8 March.
1944 Pacific:
*USAAF B-24 damages Japanese hospital ship Tachibana Maru, en route from Wewak to Palau, 02°14'S, 142°37'E.
*Japanese seaplane carrier Sanuki Maru is damaged by mine, 10°31'N, 105°04'E.
*Japanese cargo ship Fuki Maru is sunk, by stranding, off east coast of Honshu, near Fukushima, 37°29'N, 141°35'E.
1944 Air raid on Le Mans: Canadian aircrew from No.6 Group, RCAF, join two RAF bomber groups in destroying 800 freight cars and 15 locomotives at a railyard in Le Mans. The aircrew involved have been handed a safer job than flying into the heart of Germany, and casualty rates drop considerably in the squadrons involved in these short strikes across the Channel.1939 Nazi dissolve Czechoslovakia; Hungary & Poland rush to share the spoils
1945 Pacific:
*Destroyer USS Cotten and USS Dortch sink Japanese guardboats Futa Maru and No.17 Kaiko Maru off the Bonins, 30°58'N, 144°54'E.
*PVs (VPB 151) begin operating from Iwo Jim's Motoyama Airfield No.1, thus bringing Japanese guardboats operating off the home islands within range of rocket-firing planes.
*Submarine USS Bream sinks Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Keihin Maru, 05°41'S, 114°03'E.
*Submarine USS Rock lands supplies on Lombok Island N.E.I.
*Submarine USS Trepang sinks Japanese guardboat Kaiko Maru off Inubosaki, 35°40'N, 141°00'E.
*British submarine HMS Spirit sinks Japanese auxiliary sailing vessel Ryuho Maru off Massalambo Island 05°34'S, 114°26'E.
*USAAF B-24 on antishipping sweep off south China coast sinks Japanese army ship No.3 Taisei Maru, 03°35'N, 112°10'E.
*USAAF B-29s (274 strong) pound Osaka; Japanese merchant cargo ships Shiraume Maru and Shirogane Maru are sunk in the fire bomb raid that lays waste to the heart of the city and inflicts 13,000 casualties.
*USAAF B-24s damage Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 235 off Mako, Pescadores.
*Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Yatsushiro Maru is damaged by aircraft, south of Wenchow, China.
*Attacks against Japanese convoy KAI-311 continue, and USAAF B-24s and B-25s sink small cargo vessel No.15 Gokoku Maru off south China coast.
*USAAF B-24 sinks small Japanese cargo vessel No.3 Taisei Maru off Hong Kong.
*Navy aircraft sink small Japanese cargo vessel No.1 Taiki Maru and damage guardboat No.1 Shinya Maru, 27°10', 132°09'E.
*Coastal yacht Amethyst is damaged in collision with U.S. merchantman Platte Park 150 miles northwest of San Francisco.
1945 RAF bombs railway link at Hannover-Hamm.
1947 US signs 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.
1951 UN forces recapture Seoul during the Korean War.
1953 Nikita Khrushchev succeeds Malenkov as secretary of the USSR.
1978 Israeli invasion of south Lebanon: A force of 22,000 hit the PLO bases.
1991 Emir of Kuwait back in Kuwait City: Sheik Jaber al-Ahmed al-Sabah returns after the Iraqis are expelled.

By Cap. Teancum:

1590 - Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ivry

1647 - Thirty Years War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.

1869 - Defeat of Titokowaru.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titokowaru%27s_War

1939 - German troops fully occupy the Czechoslovak provinces of Bohemia and Moravia.
__________________
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  #1613  
Old 14 Mar 07, 11:37
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Today's event:

1916 Battle of Verdun begins: Germans attack French on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun.

Today's book:

Verdun 1916 by Malcolm Brown

Book Review:

Verdun 1916 by Malcolm Brown joins the thin ranks of English-language books written about the horrific Battle of Verdun. Although well written, Brown's book certainly does not surpass Alistair Horne's classic, the Price of Glory, which was written forty years ago. Indeed, Verdun 1916 is essentially a TV documentary on the great battle, merely committed to paper instead of the small screen. Brown, a freelance historian noted for his TV documentaries in association with the Imperial War Museum, approaches this subject with the intent of painting a portrait of war at its worst for the enlightenment of modern Europeans who are beginning to forget the awfulness of full-scale warfare. While the author follows closely in Horne's well-worn footsteps in recounting the battle itself, he does succeed in inserting new and interesting material about human facets of the battle. Verdun 1916 is not much as a campaign narrative, but it does help to put a human face on one of the worst scenes of carnage in the 20th Century.
Verdun 1916 consists of twenty short chapters, beginning with sections covering background to the battle and opposing preparations. The account of the battle itself is fairly succinct at only 118 pages and readers will get just the basic facts, with little embellishment or analysis. Indeed, the lack of any detail concerning the underground fighting in Fort Vaux or the seesaw battles in the villages around the fort are serious omissions. Certainly the greatest weakness of the book is the presence of only a single map - and a map that does not depict important villages like Fleurus, where thousands of troops died. Military readers will also note that few specific units are mentioned, that there is little or no mention of the corps and division level leaders on either side, and that few specific dates are given; as military history, this lack of specific detail just doesn't cut it. On the plus side, there are eighty photographs in the book, some of which depict interesting sidelights, such as the effect of shelling upon the city of Verdun. Scholarly readers will note the brevity of the bibliography and the over-reliance on English language sources; apparently the author made little effort to utilize French or German archival material.

The first half of Verdun 1916 covers the initial dramatic stages of the battle pretty much as Horne did, with the emphasis on the capture of Fort Douamont and Fort Vaux. Compared to Horne's dramatic prose, Brown is sparing in detail and seems intent to invoke a somber pathos. However, Brown does a wonderful job weaving together eyewitness accounts from both sides that put the battle into a better human context than Horne delivered. Whereas Horne focused on dramatic individuals at dramatic moments, in Brown's version of Verdun we read more about the fears of ordinary men expecting to be blasted into bloody pulp at any moment. One could even say that there are no heroes in this account, only victims.

At the mid-point of the book, Brown inserts a considerable amount of fresh material and perspectives on neglected aspects of the battle, such as medical units and civilians. Of particular interest is the British Urgency Cases Hospital at Revigny, which handled many of the French wounded from Verdun, and which was an early forerunner of modern combat surgical hospitals. Brown's discussion of the effect of the German bombardment upon the city of Verdun (some spots, like the Cathedral, were almost untouched) and the involvement in the battle of American pilots from the Lafayette squadron are also quite interesting.

One recent American revisionist historian, John Mosier, claims that the Germans won the battle of Verdun. Brown's book helps to dispute such assertions by demonstrating that the French army did better at Verdun that is frequently portrayed. Certainly the greatest French success was their ability to sustain their defense by means of a motorized logistic pipeline along the "Sacred Way." Indeed, Brown asks, "the success of the Sacred Way raises an important question. Why did the Germans let it happen?" Brown notes that, "the Germans had three squadrons [of aircraft] for bombing, each capable of dropping a 200-pound bomb. But they used them with little imagination." Furthermore, "not one of the thirty-four bridges in the area was destroyed by bombing...and they never troubled the Sacred Way." Thus, the German inability to seriously interfere with the French lines of communication was a major mistake. Brown also notes that while the Germans introduced some tactical innovations at Verdun - like small storm trooper units, flamethrowers and phosgene gas - that most of the ordinary German infantry still attacked in conventional battalion-size masses.

The other major French success at Verdun was their ability to recover lost ground in set-piece battles. In a one-week period in the fall of 1916, the French recaptured Fort Douamont and Fort Vaux at relatively low cost. The French army was able to mount these successful attacks after months of bloody attritional fighting, proving that the Germans had failed to achieve their objective of smashing the French fighting spirit. Brown's conclusions that there were "no winners, only victims" at Verdun glosses over the importance of the French army's ability to absorb the worst that the Germans could throw at them, and survive to launch counterattacks.


http://www.amazon.com/Verdun-Battles...3882859&sr=1-3
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  #1614  
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March 15


By Admiral:

1360 France invasion force lands on English south coast, conquers Winchelsea.
1781 English defeat the Americans at Guilford Court House, SC.
1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan begins four days of raids near Gallatin, TN.
1864 Red River Campaign: Union forces reach Alexandria, LA.
1916 Fifth Battle of the Isonzo ends. (from Mar 5)
1916 Gen Pershing begins fruitless 10-month pursuit of Pancho Villa in Mexico.
1930 USS Nautilus is launched.
1939 Hitler occupies the remnants of Czchoslovakia.
1942 Japanese begin an intensive bombardment of forts guarding Manila Bay.
1942 Hawaii: NY's 27th Inf Div arrives, first division to arrive overseas in WW II.
1943 U.S. Navy forces in the Central Pacific are designated the Fifth Fleet.
1944 Abbey of Monte Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing.
1944 U.S. Army troops invade Manus island in the Admiralties.
1945 British secure Mandalay.
1957 Britain becomes the third nation to detonate a nuclear bomb.
1957 Airship ZPG-2 lands NAS Key West after 11 day non-stop flight across the Atlantic.
1969 Chinese-Russian border clash, hundreds die.
1978 Israel raids Lebanon to rid area of Palestine guerrillas.

By Cap. Teancum:

44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.

1311 - Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.

1943 - World War II: Third Battle of Kharkov - the Germans retook the city of Kharkov from the Soviet armies in bitter street fighting.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Battle_of_Kharkov

1990 - The Soviet Union announces that Lithuania's declaration of independence is invalid.

1991 - Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
__________________
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  #1615  
Old 15 Mar 07, 11:54
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Today's event:

1864 Red River Campaign: Union forces reach Alexandria, LA.

Today's book:

War Along the Bayous: The 1864 Red River Campaign in Louisiana by William Riley Brooksher

Book Review:

The Red River Campaign isn't one of those parts of the Civil War that the public knows much about. In 1864, when the south was losing, and the only question was whether they could string things out long enough to get a more favorable president in the White House, the Union embarked, at Lincoln's insistence, on a wild goose chase up the Red River in Louisiana. The objectives were several fold: conquering Louisiana and Texas would discourage the French, who were in the process of establishing a new world monarchy in Mexico; this part of the region was overflowing with cotton that couldn't be sold, and many Union soldiers and especially sailors (who could legally claim prize money from its sale) were eager to seize it and get some profits if they could; conquest of this region would strengthen the Union's hold on the state, and increase the number of voters participating in the elections of officials that Lincoln was trying to get Congress to accept as the new representatives of the State of Louisiana. With such diverse objectives, it's no wonder the campaign was a failure.
But there were other reasons for the failure. The Union plan was only vaguely mapped out before they left Union territory (basically where the Red flows into the Mississippi), with the Union army and navy proceeding up the river to Shreveport, and capturing and holding that city, with even more vague intentions of proceeding to Texas after. The fleet was commanded by David Dixon Porter, a skilled but somewhat responsibility-shy admiral with no love for the army in this operation. His army counterpart, as much as there was one, was Nathaniel P. Banks, a Massachusetts politician turned soldier who had managed to goof up several campaigns previously, and was one of those political generals (Benjamin Butler was another) who seemed able to get the least out of the professional soldiers under his command. Banks was the local department commander, but apparently no one thought to appoint someone to actually command the troops in the coming campaign, so Banks had to go along and exercise authority over the various troops.

His opponent was Richard Taylor, the son of President Zachary Taylor, and the son-in-law of President (of the Confederacy) Jefferson Davis. Taylor too was an amateur leading an army of professionals. Strangely, in this campaign the Confederates had all the foreign soldiers serving in their army, with a French prince (Polignac) serving as first a brigade and then a division commander, and a Prussian cavalryman leading a regiment of Texans of German extraction thoughout the campaign. Naturally, as a result, the campaign has some colorful characters. It also has the interesting aspect of being enough of a backwater that the soldiers who were driven from prominent positions in the war on the other side of the Mississippi wound up here, where it was hoped their incompetence wouldn't hurt too much if it continued. Charles P. Stone, the man blamed (almost certainly wrongly, for political reasons) for the Union debacle at Ball's Bluff early in the war, was Banks' chief of staff. William B. Franklin, a mediocre corps commander under McClellan in the Army of the Potomac, was fired after Fredericksburg because Ambrose Burnside accused him (with some reason) of failure to obey orders, leading to the failure of his attack. Theophilus Holmes, who proved uncertain in command during the Seven Days Campaign in 1862, was in command of troops at the beginning of the Red River campaign, and was finally removed when he refused to fight once too often for the Confederate authorities.

Author Brooksher (whose previous book, Bloody Hill, about Wilson's Creek, I didn't read) does a competent job of combining the strategy, tactics, personalities, and oral histories of the participants into one volume, which isn't overlong. He didn't have maps prepared for this book, instead choosing to use maps from other books: this works somewhat, but not perfectly by any means. They aren't, as one of the other reviewers noted, the best maps anyway. But maps aside, the author does a very good job of recreating the nature of the campaign, and shows little bias (which you could expect to be pro-Confederate, the author being from Arkansas) towards either side. He makes it clear that the Union army won all but one of the battles, and if they'd been competently led he thinks they would have won the campaign. He also thinks that their victory would have had little affect on the course of the war, just as their defeat didn't prolong the life of the Confederacy much at all. And he shows considerable skill with the thumbnail sketches of the various characters in the campaign. All in all a solid book.


http://www.amazon.com/War-Along-Bayo...3970297&sr=1-3
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  #1616  
Old 16 Mar 07, 11:19
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March 16


By Admiral:

1190 Crusades massacre Jews of York, England
1792 Atempted assasination of Swedish King Gustavus III (inspires Verdi's "Un Ballo in Maschera")
1802 U.S. Military Academy is established at West Point
1815 Willem I proclaimed King of the Netherlands, including Belgium
1861 Confederate government appoints a commissioners to Britain
1865 Battle of Averasboro, NC
1882 US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the International Red Cross
1922 Fuad I crowned king of Egypt
1926 Robert Goddard launches the first liquid fuel rocket, to 184 feet
1935 Hitler orders German rearmament, violating Versailles Treaty
1942 Resupply & evac at Corregidor: Submarine USS Permit delivers ammunition to Corregidor, and evacuates second increment of naval radio and communications intelligence people.
1942 Action in the Atlantic:
*Unarmed U.S. tanker Australia is torpedoed, shelled, and irreparably damaged by German submarine U-332 off Diamond Shoals, 35°07'N, 75°22'W. U.S. freighter William J. Salman rescues survivors and transfers them to yacht Ruby for further transportation to Southport, North Carolina. Australia, sunk in shallow water, is written off as a total loss and her wreck demolished on 20 March.
*British tanker San Demetrio is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-404 at 37°03'N, 73°50'W
1943 Action in the Pacific:
*Four U.S. destroyers shell Japanese positions at Vila.
Submarine USS Flying Fish sinks Japanese victualling stores ship Hyuga Maru west of the Marianas.
*Submarine S-32 damages Japanese submarine RO 103 off Silipuaka Island, 52°54'N, 173°13'E.
*Solomon Is: U.S. destroyers shell Vila.
1943 British command in the Mediterranean:
*Vice Admiral H. Kent Hewitt becomes Commander Naval Forces Northwest African Waters.
1943 Action in the Atlantic:
*SBDs (VC 29) from aircraft escort vessel USS Santee attack German submarine, 07°15'S, 29°15'W.
German submarine U-172, stalking convoy UGS 6, torpedoes U.S. freighter Benjamin Harrison at 39°09'N, 24°15'W. Precipitately abandoned, the ship is scuttled by gunfire of destroyer USS Rowanwhich rescues three survivors. Freighter Alan A. Dale rescues the remainder.
German submarines attack convoy HX 229 as it proceeds toward the British Isles; U-758 torpedoes U.S. freighter James Oglethorpe at 50°00'N, 36°00'W; 13 merchant seamen, 15 Armed Guard sailors and two passengers are rescued by British corvette HMS Pennywort. U-435 torpedoes freighter William Eustis at 49°57'N, 37°06'W; British destroyer HMS Volunteer rescues the entire crew (which includes a 30-man Armed Guard). Both "Liberties" remain afloat
1944 Sub USS Tautog torpedoes Japanese destroyer IJN Shirakumo east of Hokkaido
1945 Iwo Jima: organized Japanese resistance ends, mopping up continues.
1966 Gemini 8 launched with Armstrong & Scott, aborted after 6.5 orbits
1968 My Lai Massacre, perhaps 450 die
1985 Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson taken hostage in Beirut

By Cap. Teancum:

597 BC - Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.

1689 - The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.

1812 - Battle of Badajoz (March 16 - April 6) - British and Portuguese forces besiege and defeat French garrison during Peninsular War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Badajoz

1818 - Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.

1916 - 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the border to join the hunt of Pancho Villa.
__________________
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Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1617  
Old 16 Mar 07, 11:25
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Today's event:

1812 - Battle of Badajoz (March 16 - April 6) - British and Portuguese forces besiege and defeat French garrison during Peninsular War.

Today's book:

Badajoz 1812: Wellington's Bloodiest Siege by Ian Fletcher (Author), Bill Younghusband (Illustrator)

Book Description:

The storming of Badajoz was an epic action which involved Wellington’s infantry in some of the most savage hand-to hand fighting of the whole Peninsular War. At appalling cost in a nightmare assault during the night of the 6 April 1812, Wellington’s soldiers hacked their way over the bodies of their dead and wounded and through the huge medieval walls of the town. These were held with great tenacity, skill and courage by a resolute French and German garrison. Having stormed the town the battle-crazed army went berserk and the horrors of the sacking which followed, as much as the sublime courage of the attackers, have passed into legend.

http://www.amazon.com/Badajoz-1812-W...4055036&sr=1-1
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  #1618  
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March 17


By Admiral:

455 Petronius Maximus becomes Roman Emperor
1190 Crusades massacre Jews of York, England
1521 Ferdinand Magellan discovers the Philippines
1776 British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
1800 HMS Queen Charlotte burns at Livorno, 673 of 829 crewmembers die
1861 The Kingdom of Italy is proclaimed
1863 Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA
1864 Danes defeat Prussians in the naval battle of Jasmond Sound
1876 Gen Crook raids Cheyenne & Oglala-Sioux Indian camps
1886 Carrollton Massacre, 20 blacks killed in Mississippi
1917 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia abdicates the throne
1931 Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee
1932 German police raid Hitler's headquarters
1941 Pacific:
*TG 9.2, comprising light cruiser Brooklyn and Savannah and destroyers Case and Shaw, and Tucker, arrive at Auckland, New Zealand, beginning a three-day goodwill visit.
1941 Atlantic:
*Heavy cruiser Vincennes arrives at Pernambuco, Brazil, en route to her ultimate destination of Simonstown, South Africa.
*Coast Guard cutter Cayuga departs Boston, Massachusetts, with South Greenland Survey Expedition, composed of State, Treasury, War, and Navy Department representatives, embarked. The expedition's mission is to locate sites of airfields, seaplane bases, radio and meteorological stations and aids to navigation on Greenland's soil.
1942 Belzec Concentration Camp opens.
1942 Naval Forces Europe (Vice Admiral Robert L. Ghormley) is established.
1942 Pacific:
*United States, in agreement with Allied governments, assumes responsibility for the strategic defense of entire Pacific Ocean.
*Submarine USS Grayback sinks Japanese collier Ishikari Maru six miles west of Port Lloyd, Chichi Jima, Bonins, 27°05'N, 142°05'E.
*Submarine USS Permit is damaged by depth charges off Tayabas Bay, P.I. but remains on patrol.
*MacArthur flies from Mindanao to Australia in a B-17.
1942 Atlantic:
*Destroyer USS Stack and carrier USS Wasp are damaged in collision while en route from Casco Bay, Maine, to Norfolk, Virginia.
*Unarmed U.S. tanker Acme is torpedoed and damaged by German submarine U-124 west of Diamond Shoals, 35°06'N, 75°23'W; U-124 later torpedoes and sinks Greek freighter Kassandra Louloudi four miles west-southwest of Diamond Shoals gas buoy. Cutter USCG Dione rescues 20 survivors from Acme and 35 from Kassandra Louloudi; steamship Beta rescues 22 men from the latter ship.
*Honduran freighter Ceiba is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-124 at 35°43'N, 73°49'W.
1943 Pacific:
*Motor torpedo boats PT-67 and PT-119 are destroyed by fire off eastern New Guinea, 09°02'S, 149°20'E.
Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) damages Japanese transport Tenryugawa Maru in Formosa Strait, 24°32'N, 120°15'E.
*Submarine Tautog (SS-199) inflicts further damage to Japanese fleet tanker Kaijo Maru, driven aground and abandoned on 10 March (see 23 September).
1943 Atlantic:
*Destroyer Upshur (DD-144), from convoy ON 170, having joined the escort force for convoy SC 122 the previous day, helps turn away U-boats attempting to stalk the merchantmen.
*German submarine U-167 attacks convoy UGS 6 and damages U.S. freighter Molly Pitcher about 500 miles west of Lisbon, Portugal, 38°21'N, 19°54'W; destroyer Champlin (DD-601) which, along with destroyer Rowan (DD-405) and merchantman William Johnson rescues survivors, attempts, unsuccessfully, to scuttle the crippled freighter with a torpedo. U-521 finishes off Molly Pitcher later the same day. Two of the 24-man Armed Guard and two merchant seamen perish in the sinking.
*German U-boat operations against convoy HX 229 continue: U-91 administers the coup de grace to U.S. freighters James Oglethorpe, torpedoed by U-758 the previous day, and the abandoned William Eustis, torpedoed the day before by U-435. Lost with the former are the 31 men who had remained on board. U-91 also torpedoes and sinks U.S. freighter Harry Luckenbach at 50°38'N, 34°46'W; British corvette HMS Pennywort is the only escort vessel that sights Harry Luckenbach's survivors but, already crammed with 108 men retrieved from other sunken ships from HX 229, is unable to recover them. Harry Luckenbach is thus lost with all hands (54 merchant sailors and a 26-man Armed Guard). U-600 torpedoes and sinks freighter Irenee Du Pont at 50°36'N, 34°30'W with the loss of 6 of the 26-man Armed Guard, 1 of 9 Navy passengers and six of the 49-man merchant complement; Dutch merchantman Tekoa rescues 55 survivors, Canadian destroyer HMCS Mansfield 16 (one of whom dies of wounds). British corvette HMS Anemone fails to scuttle Irenee Du Pont with gunfire and a depth charge; it thus falls to U-91 to finish off the battered "Liberty."
1944 Pacific:
*Motor torpedo boat PT-283 is sunk by friendly fire from destroyer Guest (DD-472), Solomons, 06°27'S, 155°08'E.
*Admiralty Is: 1st Cavalry Div capture Lorengau airfield, Manus.
1944 Mediterranean:
*Off Anzio, destroyers Madison (DD-425) and Eberle (DD- 430) make sound contact 25 miles southwest of the port; five-hour search yields no result. Tank landing craft LCT-277 is damaged in air raid.
*During German air raid on the port of Naples, Italy, U.S. freighter James Guthrie is damaged by bomb; there are no casualties among the ship's company.
*German submarine U-371 attacks Naples-bound convoy SNF 17 about 30 miles north-northeast of Bougie, Algeria, and torpedoes U.S. freighter Maiden Creek, 37°08'N, 05°27'E. Initially, the ship is abandoned, but is reboarded and prepared for towing. U-371 again torpedoes Maiden Creek, the resulting explosion killing six merchant seamen and two of the 29-man Armed Guard.
*Destroyer MacKenzie (DD-614) joins three British escort vessels for submarine hunt off Philippeville, with no results.
1944 Resque in the Indian Ocean
Last survivors of U.S. tanker H.D.Collier, torpedoed and shelled by Japanese submarine I-26 on 13 March 1944, are rescued by steamship Karagola.
1944 Atlantic:
Aircraft (VC 6) from escort carrier Block Island (CVE- 21), along with destroyer Corry (DD-463), and destroyer escort Bronstein (DE-189) sink German submarine U-801 west of the Cape Verdes, 16°42'N, 30°26'W.
1945 Mediterranean:
*Motor torpedo boats PT-303 and PT-305 engage two German F-lighters off Point Mesco, Italy; PT-303 is damaged when she is accidentally rammed by PT-305.
1945 LCVPs increase river crossings: TG 122.5.1 ferrys 2,500 army troops across the Rhine River.
1945 Pacific:
*Submarine Sealion (SS-315) sinks Bangkok-bound Thai oiler Samui off Trengganu coast, 05°18'N, 103°23'E.
*Submarine Spot (SS-413) attacks Japanese Keelung-to-Shimonoseki convoy TAMO-49 escorted by escort vessel Ikina, Coast Defense Vessel No. 41 and minesweeper W.17, sinking army cargo vessel Nanking Maru off Yushiyama Island 25°28'N, 120°10'E, and damaging cargo ship I komasan Maru, which is beached off Matsu Island 26°07'N, 119°57'E, to permit salvage. Spot is damaged, however, by gunfire from one or more of the escorts. Later that day, USAAF B-25s further damage Ikomasan Maru (see 26 March).
*PB4Y attacks Japanese convoy TAMO-49, damaging cargo vessel Kitakata Maru, 29°09'N, 122°07'E.
*U.S. freighter Oliver Kelly, while proceeding through Surigao Strait, is damaged by what is most likely a dud torpedo; Japanese midget submarine activity during this month is recorded from bases on the coast of Cebu.
*Japanese transport Ken'Yo Maru is sunk by aircraft, Kagoshima Bay.
*Japanese cargo ship Mansei Maru is sunk by USAAF mine in the Yangtze, near Shanghai, 31°19'N, 121°42'E.
*USAAF B-29s bomb Kobe, Japan, damaging Japanese submarine I 158 and cargo vessels Enkei Maru and Teika Maru (ex-Cap Varella). There were 15,000 casualties.
1959 Dalai Lama flees Tibet for India
1966 US sub locates missing H-bomb in Mediterranean off Palomares, Spain
1969 Golda Meir becomes Israeli PM
1992 Arab terrorists bomb the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aries, 28 dead, 300 injured
1993 Bomb in Calcutta, 86 die .

By Cap. Teancum:

45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.

624 - A key victory by Muhammad over his Meccan adversaries in the Battle of Badr.

1939 - Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese break out.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanchang

1970 - My Lai massacre: The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the incident.
__________________
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  #1619  
Old 17 Mar 07, 06:19
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Today's event:

45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.

Today's book:

Fighting for Rome: Poets and Caesars, History and Civil War by John Henderson

Book Description:

For the Roman writers "Fighting for Rome" became not the expansive imperialism of the all-conquering Republic, but a collapse into horror and un-Roman autocracy brought about by the Caesars' fighting for control of Rome. The essays in this volume range across the literary forms--history and satire, lyric and epic--working closely with particular texts. Conceived over the decade after the Cold War, they have been updated and rewritten to make a book that brings the ancient texts before the reader in a strikingly immediate way.

http://www.amazon.com/Fighting-Rome-...4123013&sr=1-3
__________________
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Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1620  
Old 20 Mar 07, 06:28
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
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March 18


By Admiral:

37 Roman Senate annulles Tiberius’ will: They proclaim Caligula Emperor.
1167 Battle of El-Babein
1190 Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St Edmonds, England
1744 France declares war on Great Britain, beginning the War of the Austrian Succession. Although French forces, operating out of Louisbourg, strike the first blow, in the end the great fortress will fall to an Anglo-American army. Despite all of the raiding and counter-strikes carried out, the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle will restore the status quo ante bellum four years later.
1793 The 2nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beat France.
1859 Mexican War of Reform: Vera Cruz besieged by Conservative forces.
1914 White Wolf rebels defeat government troops, in Jingdezhen, China.
1915 British & French lose 6 warships trying to force the Dardanelles.
1916 Attack at Lake Naroch: On the Eastern Front, the Russians counter the Verdun assault. The Russians lost 100,000 men and the Germans lost 20,000.
1942 Pacific:
*River gunboat Tutuila, decommissioned at Chungking, China, on 18 January, is leased to the Chinese government for the duration of the war.
*Japanese merchant cargo ship Jumpo Maru is sunk, agent unknown, off Tsushima Island.
1942 Atlantic:
*U.S. tanker E.M. Clark is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-124 about 22 miles southwest of Diamond Shoals, North Carolina, 34°50'N, 75°35'W. Venezuelan tanker Catatumbo rescues 23 of the tanker's complement. Unarmed U.S. tanker Papoose is torpedoed by German submarine U-124 about 15 miles south of Cape Lookout, North Carolina, 34°17'N, 76°39'W.
*Yacht Tourmaline and cutter USCG Cuyahoga rescue eight survivors of British tanker San Demetrio, sunk by U-404 on 16 March.
*Unarmed U.S. tanker W.E. Hutton is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-332 about 20 miles southeast of Cape Lookout, North Carolina, 34°05'N, 76°40'W; 13 of the ship's complement of 36 merchant sailors perish in the attack.
1943 Atlantic:
*As German operations against Allied convoys continue, destroyer USS Babbitt reinforces the escort for HX 229 and cutter USCG Ingham . U-221 attacks HX 229 and torpedoes U.S. freighter Walter Q. Gresham at 53°39'N, 27°53'W; British corvettes HMS Pennywort and HMS Anemone rescue 42 survivors. 23 merchant seamen and five of the 26-man Armed Guard perish with the ship.
1943 Central Burma" the "Chindits," raid across the Irrawaddy River.
1944 Nazi Germany seize control of Hungary.
1944 Pacific:
*TG 50.10, formed around carrier USS Lexington and battleships USS Iowa and USS New Jersey, screened by seven destroyers, pounds Japanese installations on Mille Island in the Marshalls; USS Iowa is damaged by shore battery off Mille.
*TG 74.5 commences bombardment of Japanese installations in Wewak area, New Guinea.
*Submarine USS Lapon attacks Japanese convoy, sinking transport Hokoroku Maru about 250 miles southwest of Hong Kong, 19°24'N, 116°50'E.
*Submarine USS Rock is damaged by depth charges off North Borneo, 07°25'N, 115°20'E, but remains on patrol.
*Submarine USS Picuda conducts unsuccessful attack against Japanese cargo ship Kasuga Maru, 12°33'N, 141°08'E.
*Large infantry landing craft LCI(L)-330 is accidentally rammed by freighter Richard Mosczowski off Koli Point, Guadalcanal. The latter suffers damage in the encounter.
*USAAF B-25s bomb Japanese installations on Ponape, sinking small cargo vessel No.2 Kasuga Maru.
*Japanese cargo ship Shinten Maru is damaged by mine off Kaimana, 03°40'S, 133°47'E.
*Japanese motor torpedo boats Gyoraitei No.402 and Gyoraitei No.453 are sunk by British aircraft off Boronga, Burma.
1944 Mediterranean:
*U.S. freighter Maiden Creek, torpedoed the previous day by German submarine U-371 about 30 miles north- northeast of Bougie, Algeria, is towed into Bougie where she is beached to facilitate salvage. Subsequently, however, she is swept off the beach by a storm and breaks up in the heavy weather, a total loss.
1944 Atlantic:
*U.S. tanker Seakay, in Avonmouth, England-bound convoy CU 17, is torpedoed by German submarine at 51°10'N, 20°20'W, and abandoned. One Armed Guard sailor perishes in the abandonment; destroyer escort Reeves rescues survivors. Escort ships scuttle the irreparably damaged tanker with shells and depth charges.
1945 Pacific:
*TF 58 planes bomb airfields on southern Kyushu and shipping, attacking convoy KATA-504, escorted by Coast Defense Vessel No.29 and submarine chaser Ch 58, damaging cargo vessel Kiyo Maru and sinking transport Kenyo Maru and tanker No.1 Nansei Maru, and Okinawa-bound auxiliary sailing vessel Kamo Maru off Noma Misaki, 31°24'N, 130°07'E. Off Kyushu, Japanese planes bomb carriers USS Enterprise, 30°50'N, 133°42'E, and USS Yorktown, 30°40'N, 133°49'E, damaging both. USS Intrepid is crashed by kamikaze and hit by friendly fire, 30°47'N, 133°50'E.
*TG 78.3 lands Army troops (40th Division, less one RCT) on Iloilo, off the southeast coast of Panay, under covering fire of light cruiser Cleveland and three destroyers (TU 74.2.2); the troops encounter only token resistance.
*PV-1s (VPB 128), on the basis of reports from Filipino guerillas, bomb two Japanese midget submarines in Davao Gulf.
*Tank landing ship LST-635 is damaged by grounding, P.I., 11°05'N, 125°05'E.
*Submarine USS Balao sinks Japanese merchant trawler No.2 Daito Maru, 35°00'N, 123°51'E.
*Submarine Springer, attacking Japanese convoy, sinks fast transport T.18 and damages minesweeper W 17 near Mutsure Jima, Ryukyus, 26°38'N, 127°12'E.
*Submarine Trigger sinks Japanese army cargo ship No.3 Tsukushi Maru northwest of Okinawa, 28°05'N, 126°44'E.
*TF 58 planes sink Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser No.43 Yusen Maru 45 miles southwest of Satamisaki Light; planes from carrier Hornet sink merchant vessel No.1 Nansei Maru and damage Tokuho Maru and Asahi Maru in Yamakawa harbor.
*Japanese landing ship T.137 is damaged by aircraft, Yaene, Hachijo Jima.
*Japanese merchant cargo ship Taiju Maru is sunk by aircraft, off Hime Jima.
*Japanese ship Koichi Maru is damaged by aircraft, Amachi harbor, Kochi-Ken.
1945 Atlantic:
Destroyer escorts Menges, Mosley, Pride, and Lowe sink German submarine U-866, northwest Atlantic, 43°18'N, 61°08'W.
1952 Communist offensive in Korea begins.
1962 Algerian War for Independence ends; c. 250,000 have died in seven years.
1974 US Navy to sweep mines from Suez Canal.

By Cap. Teancum:

1229 - Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor declares himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.

1921 - The second Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Union. Despite the recent Polish successes, Soviets annex Ukraine and Belarus. Government of Ukraine emigrates to France. Famine kills millions of Russians.

1937 - Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces hand the Italian forces a grave defeat at the Battle of Guadalajara.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Guadalajara

1940 - World War II: Axis Powers - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.

1945 - World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


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