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Go Back   Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History > Historical Events & Eras > Warfare Through the Ages

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Warfare Through the Ages Roman, Greek, Japanese, etc. Topics cover all manner of pre-modern warfare and empire-building and crushing.

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  #1591  
Old 03 Mar 07, 04:16
Cap. Teancum's Avatar
Cap. Teancum Cap. Teancum is offline
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Portuguese_Monarchy
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Real Name: Luis Manuel Ribeiro Alves dos Reis
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Posts: 5,983
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1863 US adopts military conscription

Today's book:

American Military History by Center of Military History

Book Review:

This one is now officially on my to buy list.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1592  
Old 04 Mar 07, 10:29
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 4


By Admiral:

1152 Frederik I Barbarossa elected Roman-German King.
1461 Edward IV recognized as king of England.
1699 Jews are expelled from Lubeck, Germany.
1776 British hope of a counterattack on Dorchester Heights in Boston, Mass. is wrecked by a terrible storm.
1789 U.S. Constitution goes into effect.
1793 Austrian troops crush the French and recapture Liege.
1861 Confederate States adopt the "Stars & Bars" flag.
1863 Battle of Thompson's Station, TN.
1918 German troops attack Canadians holding Aloof Trench, at Lens. Although the German attackers gain a foothold on the Canadian line, counter-attacks drive the enemy from the trench, leaving behind many of their dead.
1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1936 Airship Hindenburg makes its first flight, Germany.
1947 Operation Highjump: Air operations in Antarctica, ends.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1593  
Old 04 Mar 07, 10:35
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1936 Airship Hindenburg makes its first flight, Germany.

Today's book:

The Hindenburg Disaster by Aaron Feigenbaum

Book Review:

I couldn't find that many books on this subject as I expected. This one seems to be the better out of the bunch.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1594  
Old 05 Mar 07, 12:17
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 5


By Admiral:

1279 Lithuanians defeat Livonian forces at Aizk
1770 The Boston Massacre: British troops taunted by a crowd of colonists fired on an unruly mob in Boston and killed five citizens in what came to be known as the Boston Massacre. The fracas between a few angry Boston men and one British sentry ended with five men dead or dying in the icy street corner of King Street and Shrimton’s Lane. Captain Thomas Preston did not order the eight British soldiers under his command to fire into the hostile crowd. The nervous soldiers claimed to be confused by shouts of “Why do you not fire?” coming from all sides. Versions of the event rapidly circulated through the colonies, bolstering public support for the Patriot cause. The British Captain Preston and seven soldiers were defended by John Adams. The captain and five of the soldiers were acquitted, the other two soldiers were found guilty of manslaughter and were branded on the hand with a hot iron. The first colonist killed in the American Revolution was the former slave, Crispus Attucks, shot by the British at the Boston Massacre.
raukle.
1821 Napoleon Bonaparte died in exile on the island of St. Helena.
1905 Russians began retreat from Mukden in Manchuria.
1912 The Italians became the first to use dirigibles for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance flights behind Turkish lines west of Tripoli.
1927 US marines landed in China to "protect American property."
1936 Spitfire makes it's 1st flight at the Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton, England.
1940 Stalin among others signed an Order for the massacre at Katyn, Poland. Soviet agents shot 21,768 Polish military officers, intellectuals and priests who had been taken prisoner during the invasion. Between April and May some 25,700 (15,000) Polish citizens were massacred by the Soviets in the Katyn and Miednoje (Mednoye) forests on the outskirts of Moscow and at Kharkov in western Russia (later Ukraine). Some 14,700 Polish officers were identified by their uniforms. Excavations of the sites began in 1994. 6,313 Polish officers were all shot in the back of the head near Mednoye. 9,000 Russians were also massacred at the site.
1941 Britain severes all relation with Bulgaria and prepares for an air attack on Bulgaria.
1942 Pacific:
*USS Enterprise raids Marcus Island.
*Submarine USS Salmon torpedoes Japanese transport Taito Maru north of Lombok, N.E.I., 05°35'S, 112°35'E.
*Japanese transport Takao Maru, damaged and driven aground off Vigan, Luzon, on 10 December 1941, is destroyed by Filipino saboteurs.
*Refueled by sub at French Frigate Shoal, two Japanese flying boats raid Oahu
1942 Japanese troops march into Batavia.
1942 Atlantic:
*Coastal yacht Alabaster collides with unidentified merchant ship while patrolling off Cape May, New Jersey, but since the damage suffered by neither ship is serious enough to hamper their operations, both vessels continue on their way.
*Unarmed U.S. freighter Collamer, straggling from convoy HX 178, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-404 off the coast of Nova Scotia, 44°18'N, 63°10'W. British freighter Empire Woodcock rescues the 24 survivors from the 31-man crew.
*Unarmed U.S. freighter Mariana is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-126 east of Nassau, Bahamas, 22°14'N, 71°23'W. There are no survivors from the 36-man crew.
1943 RAF bombed Essen, Germany.
1943 Pacific:
*Battle of Bismarck Sea concludes: Japanese navy officials admit later that failure of the operation proved "the impossibility of surface transport in the Lae area." Of sixteen ships which sail for Lae, all eight transports are sunk, as are four escort destroyers. Motor torpedo boats PT-143 and PT-150, patrolling 25 miles northeast of Cape Ward Hunt, New Guinea, in the wake of the battle, encounter a Japanese submarine rescuing survivors of the engagement and force her to submerge.
*Submarine USS Tambor lands men, ammunition, and currency at Pagadian Bay, Mindanao, P.I.
1943 The Gloster Meteor first flew. Great Britain emerged from World War II with a decided head start in jet technology, the only Allied power to have had a jet fighter operational in squadron strength before the German surrender on May 8, 1945. On July 21, 1944, the first two production Meteors arrived at Culmhead and formed the nucleus of No. 616 Squadron, Royal Air Force (RAF). Appropriately, the Meteor’s first duty was to defend Britain from attacks by German V-1 pulse jet-powered guided bombs, of which they destroyed 13 by the end of the war. Meteor IIIs of No. 616 Squadron were committed to Continental Europe in the last months of the conflict, but they never got the opportunity to meet the German Me-262A in battle.
1943 Atlantic:
*Escort carrier USS Bogue begins escort of convoy duty in North Atlantic. This is first time a ship of her type is assigned antisubmarine operations as primary duty; she will operate in support of convoy HX 228 until 14 March.
*German submarine U-255 attacks Loch Ewe, Scotland-bound convoy RA 53, torpedoing U.S. freighter Executive and freighter Richard Bland at 72°45'N, 11°40'E; the former is abandoned without orders, with the survivors (one Armed Guard sailor and four merchant seamen are lost with the ship) being rescued by British trawlers HMS St. Elstan and HMS Northern Pride. Executive is scuttled. Richard Bland although damaged by a dud torpedo that nevertheless passes clean through the ship, remains with the convoy; she has suffered no casualties
1944 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Narwhal delivers cargo and evacuates people from Tawi Tawi, P.I.
*Submarine USS Rasher, still pursuing same Japanese convoy attacked on 3 March, damages cargo ship Ryuwa Maru.
1945 Army Air Force B-24s accidentally bomb Zurich, Switzerland.
1945 German resistance in Hochwald forest ends. The 2nd Canadian Division passes through the dense woods and emerges on its eastern edge to find abandoned German dead and equipment everywhere.
1945 Finland declares war on Nazi Germany
1945 Pacific:
*Tank landing ship LST-642 is damaged in collision off Iwo Jima, 24°46'N, 141°19'E.
*Submarine USS Bashaw attacks same Japanese convoy (HI-98) vexed by USS Baya the day before, sinking oiler Ryoei Maru and army tanker Seishin Maru off Tourane, French Indochina, 16°47'N, 108°41'E.
*Submarine USS Peto is damaged by aerial bombs in South China Sea off Hainan, 20°57'N, 111°56'E, but remains on patrol.
*Submarine Sea USS Robin, attacking Japanese convoy in the Java Sea, sinks gunboat Man-yo Maru, 05°50'S, 113°46'E, auxiliary netlayer Nagara Maru, 05°23'S, 114°00'E, and merchant cargo ship Shoyu Maru, 05°23'S, 114°60'E.
*Submarine USS Tilefish damages Japanese minesweeper W.15 off Akuke Jima, Japan, 29°36'N, 129°45'E. Although run aground by No.51 Banshu Maru to facilitate her salvage, W.15 is later regarded as a total loss.
*TF 58 planes sink Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 224 off Mako, Pescadores.
*USAAF B-25s (5th Air Force) attack Japanese convoy SAYU-02, sinking auxiliary submarine chasers Kasuga Maru and Ujina Maru and merchant cargo ship Shoto Maru off coast of French Indochina, 15°32'N, 108°37'E.
*USAAF B-24 (13th Air Force) sinks Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 110 in Sape Strait, southeast of the Celebes, 08°36'S, 119°19'E.
*Support landing craft LCS-127 sinks after grounding off San Clemente Island California.
1946 Winston Churchill appeared as Pres. Truman's guest at Westminster College in Fulton, Mo. and delivered his ”Sinews Of Peace” speech later known as the “Iron Curtain Speech:” "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron Curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in ... the Soviet sphere."
1991 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait. The Iraqis turned over 35 prisoners of war, including 15 Americans, to the Red Cross. An anti-Saddam Hussein uprising was reported sweeping city after city in Iraq.

By Cap. Teancum:

1665 - English king Charles II declares war on The Netherlands which marked the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. More on this war at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Anglo-Dutch_War

1793 - French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands.

1804 - The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia). Read more about it http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vinegar_Hill

1876 - US Congress ends "impeachment" of Minister of War William W. Belknap. Know more about it http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_W._Belknap

1941 - Britain launches Operation Claymore (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Claymore) on the Lofoten Islands, during World War II.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1595  
Old 05 Mar 07, 12:21
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1770 The Boston Massacre

Today's book:

The Boston Massacre by Hiller B. Zobel

Book Review:

With his book The Boston Massacre, Hiller B. Zobel presents a masterful piece of reasoned, historical research to dispel one of the great myths surrounding the beginnings of the American Revolution. Zobel writes, "The Boston Massacre, in short, is a part, not only of our national history, but of our national mythology. ...Not the least of the Massacre's attractions as an object of historic contemplation is the speed with which the men of 1770 (on both sides of the Atlantic and both sides of the political fence) recognized the mythological value of what happened in King Street." Layer by layer, Zoble peels away myth and propaganda surrounding that infamous event of March fifth, 1770, so that we can view it clearly, apart from any partisan spin. What remains is an incident with little resemblance to the legend most of us learned in school.
Zobel carefully and exhaustively explains the events that led up to the violence on King Street, and introduces us to all the principle players who influenced the drama. He details the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Customs Duties, all of which stirred up anger and resentment in Boston, and he tells of the violence and the threat of violence that was used by Boston's radical elements to try to counter these acts. Most importantly, he explains why the British soldiers were in Boston in the first place. (The Massachusetts Colony had no provision for an armed civil police force, and when mob violence threatened the laws and the peace as they did during the protests of the Stamp Act and Custom Duties, the only legal recourse to counter it was a military presence.)
The picture of the Boston Massacre that emerges from Zobel's book is not the classic one of ruthless British soldiers callously firing on a peaceably gathered crowd of citizens as the legend has it. Rather, he paints a picture of frightened and confused troops, backed into a corner by an angry mob that already had a reputation for perpetuating violence, and firing in confusion rather than on order. The fact that the story came down to us in the form of the legend of righteous citizens attacked by evil soldiers owes much to the propaganda abilities of Samuel Adams, and little to facts as they happened.
Just as carefully as he explained the events leading up to the massacre, Zobel details its aftermath, most notably the trial of the soldiers who fired on the mob. As an Associate Professor of Law at Boston College Law School, Zobel is well qualified to understand and dissect this chapter of the drama, and he explains it clearly and concisely. He shows us why John Adams took on the defense of the British soldiers, and why he won his case. Through detailing the records of the trial, he leaves the popular legend of the massacre in shreds.
The Boston Massacre is an important book for understanding the events that ultimately brought the colonies to revolt. It is well researched, with a good bibliography. Zobel's writing is clear, and he has a knack for holding the reader's interest even through long and detailed passages. I would recommend this book to anyone with more than a passing interest in America's late colonial period and revolution - it will not disappoint them.

Theo Logos


http://www.amazon.com/Boston-Massacr...3111540&sr=1-2
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1596  
Old 06 Mar 07, 04:14
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 6


By Admiral:

1454 Prussia subject to Polish rule: Casimir's proclaimation began a 13-year war over Prussia
1460 Treaty of Alcacovas: Portugal gives Castile the Canary Is for lands in Africa
1521 Guam discovered by Magellan .
1799 Jaffa, Palestine captured by Napoleon.
1814 American troops captured: A British picket and several officers on the Niagara border capture an American deserter and the troops who had been sent to bring him back.
1822 USS Enterprise captures four pirate ships in the Gulf of Mexico
1831 Edgar Allen Poe failed West Point: He was discharged from West Point for “gross neglect of duty.” His parade uniform was supposedly incorrect.
1836 The Alamo falls: The battle ends after fighting for 13 days. Angered by a new Mexican constitution that removed much of their autonomy, Texans seized the Alamo in San Antonio in December 1835. Mexican president General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna marched into Texas to put down the rebellion. By late February, 1836, 182 Texans, led by Colonel William Travis, held the former mission complex against Santa Anna’s [3,000] 6,000 troops. At 4 a.m. on March 6, after fighting for 13 days, Santa Anna’s troops charged. In the battle that followed, all the Alamo defenders were killed while the Mexicans suffered about 2,000 casualties. Santa Anna dismissed the Alamo conquest as “a small affair,” but the time bought by the Alamo defenders’ lives permitted General Sam Houston to forge an army that would win the Battle of San Jacinto and, ultimately, Texas’ independence. Mexican Lt. Col. Pena later wrote a memoir: "With Santa Anna in Texas: Diary of Jose Enrique de la Pena," that described the capture and execution of Davy Crockett (49) and 6 other Alamo defenders. In 1975 a translation of the diary by Carmen Perry (d.1999) was published. Apparently, only one Texan combatant survived Jose María Guerrero, who persuaded his captors he had been forced to fight. Women, children, and a black slave, were spared.
1861 100,000 volunteers required by the Confederate Congress - a month before Ft. Sumter
1862 Battle of Pea Ridge/Elkhorn Tavern, AR, begins.
1865 Battle of Natural Bridge: The last Confederate victory of the Civil War occurred at Natural Bridge crossing near Tallahassee, Fla., when the forces of Union Gen. John Newton were routed by well entrenched southerners.
1916 Allies recaptured Fort Douamont: A line of bayonets protruding from the earth still testifies to French valor at Verdun in World War I.
1918 USN collier Cyclops disappears vaguely near the alleged Bermuda Triangle
1924 Military budget cut by British Labour govt.
1925 Belgium annexes Eupen, Malmedy & Sankt
1929 Turkey/Bulgaria sign peace treaty
1933 Poland occupies free city Danzig. (Gdansk)
1942 In the Atlantic: German submarine U-129 torpedoes and sinks unarmed U.S. freighter Steel Age about 130 miles northeast of Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, 06°45'N, 53°15'W, and takes the sole survivor captive.
1943 Pacific:
*TF 68, comprising three cruisers and seven destroyers, bombards Vila and Munda, Solomons and sinks Japanese destroyers IJN Minegumo and IJN Murasame in Kula Gulf, 08°05'S, 157°15'E.
Submarine USS Sawfish damages Japanese army cargo ship Clyde Maru southeast of Toizaki, 31°04'N, 131°48'E.
*Submarine USS Triton sinks Japanese army cargo ship Kiriha Maru about 145 miles northwest of the Admiralties, 00°37'N, 145°30'E. USS Triton, which reports her success on 11 March, is never heard from again.
*Japanese aircraft raid Russell Islands.
1943 Battle at Medenine, North-Africa: Rommel's assault attack rages.
1943 Atlantic:
*German submarines locate convoy SC 121; escort group consists of the cutter USCG Spencer, destroyer USS Greer, two Canadian corvettes, a British corvette and a rescue ship. Operations against this convoy will continue until 11 March.
1943 RAF raid on Essen Germany: Seventy-seven bombers from 6 Group, RCAF, join the 442 aircraft RAF raid. The target for the night is the Krupp factory in that Essen, which continues to turn out war material - tanks, bombs, and artillery - despite being hit twice already. The raid destroys large portions of the target factory.
1944 Pacific:
*TF 74, repeats shelling of Japanese shore batteries and positions on Hauwei and Norilo Islands. Despite the bombardment, the enemy guns at the mouth of Seeadler Bay damage destroyer USS Nicholson, operating in TG 76.1, 02°00'S, 147°00'E.
*Submarine USS Nautilus, in attack on Japanese convoy about 420 miles north-northwest of Saipan, sinks transport (ex-hospital ship) America Maru, 22°19'N, 143°54'E, and survives counterattack by torpedo boat Otori.
*Marines land at Talasea to establish a new beachhead on New Britain.
1944 Mediterranean:
*Convoy UGS 33, bound from New York to Alexandria, Egypt, strays into Allied minefield off Tunis. U.S. freighter Daniel Chester French is sunk by mines at 37°18'N, 10°22'; four Armed Guard sailors (of the 28- man detachment), nine of the merchant crew (of 44 men) and 24 of the 86 Army passengers perish with the ship. British rescue tug Charon, steamer Thelma, and tug Rescue pick up the surviving crew and passengers. Freighter Virginia Dare is irreparably damaged at approximately 37°18'N, 10°22'E. There are no casualties (including among the 28-man Armed Guard)
1944 Daylight air raid on Berlin. 1st by USAAF.
1945 SS massacre ordered: In Holland SS General Hans Albin Rauter, was ambushed, and his driver and orderly were killed. Rauter was seriously wounded. SS Brigadefuhrer Dr. Eberhardt Schongarth immediately ordered reprisals and a total of 263 people were shot. A Special Court of Justice in the Hague sentenced Rauter to death and he was executed March 25, 1949. Schongarth was tried by a British Military Court, found guilty on another war crime charge, sentenced to death and was hanged in 1946.
1945 Chinese 38th div. occupies Lashio.
1945 Pacific:
*Attack cargo ship USS Yancey is damaged by collision off Iwo Jima.
USAAF B-24 (possibly a Navy PB4Y) sinks Japanese salvage vessel Toei Maru east of Sanmen Wan, 29°00'N, 122°00'E.
*USAAF planes attack Japanese convoy at 20°00'N, 112°30'E, and although the airmen believe that they sink a "destroyer," their quarry, actually Coast Defense Vessel No. 207, survives undamaged.
*Japanese army vessel tanker Rikko Maru is stranded and sunk near Keelung, Formosa, 25°09'N, 121°44'E.
*Japanese merchant cargo ship Hokusui Maru is sunk (most likely by drifting Japanese mine) off Otabe, Hokkaido, 41°27'N, 140°15'E.
*Japanese merchant cargo ship No.22 Suma Maru is damaged by aircraft, four miles northwest of Fukikaku Light.
*On Luzon the 1st Cavalry Div is relieved by the 43rd Infantry Div.
1947 XB-45 makes 1st test flight: The 4-engine jet bomber takes to the air at Muroc, CA
1947 Troop withdrawal from India opposed by Winston Churchill.
1966 "Ballad of the Green Berets" hits #1 Barry Sadlers'song remained so for 13 weeks.
1990 SR-71 sets a transcontinental record, flying 2,404 miles in 1:08:17

By Cap. Teancum:

1460 - Treaty of Alcaçovas (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Alca%C3%A7ovas) - Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.

1901 - In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.

1940 - Winter War: An armistice is signed by Finland and the Soviet Union.

1946 - Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.

1957 - Israel withdraws its troops from the Sinai Peninsula.

1975 - Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement over their border dispute.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1597  
Old 06 Mar 07, 04:23
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1799 Jaffa, Palestine captured by Napoleon.

Today's book:

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE AGE OF NAPOLEON; Napoleon Journal #17 by Matt Delamater (Editor), the staff of Napoleon Journal (Author)

Book Description:

The first concise source to present a strong visual introduction to Napoleon, his family, and his military and civil achievements, all set in the context of politics, society, culture and technology. It is the ideal starting point for anyone interested in the incredible and exciting period of history of the French Revolution and Age of Napoleon Bonaparte.

http://www.amazon.com/INTRODUCTION-A...3169250&sr=1-1
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1598  
Old 08 Mar 07, 09:38
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March 7


By Admiral:

161-BC-Marcus Aurelius became Emperor on the death of Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], age 74, at Lorium. Antoninus ruled from 138-161.
1774 2nd Boston tea party: British close port of Boston to all commerce in reponse.
1778 US frigate Randolph blows up in fight with HMS Yarmouth, 310 die.
1821 Austrian troops crush the Nepolitan Army at Rieti.
1847 U.S. General Scott occupied Veracruz, Mexico. Gen. Winfield Scott landed at Veracruz and with his troops hacked their way to Mexico City.
1862 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, ends: Confederate Gens McCulloch & McIntosh KIA.
1862 Battle of Pea Ridge: Confederate forces surprised the Union army, in Arkansas, but the Union was victorious.
1911 The United States sent 20,000 troops to the Mexican border in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.
1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania.
1920 The Bolsheviks open major offensive on the Polish front.
1921 Trotsky's Red Army attacks rebellious Sailors of Kronstadt, with great slaughter
1936 German troops enter the Rhineland: Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to march into the Rhineland, thereby breaking the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.
1941 British troops invade Italian East Africa.(Ethiopia, Somalia, and Eritrea)
1941 Atlantic:
*Carrier USS Wasp encounters foundering U.S. lumber schooner George E. Klinck in storm off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, and rescues her crew.
1941 Pacific:
*Transport William P. Biddle, escorted by light cruiser USS Concord, arrives at Pago Pago, Samoa, and disembarks the Seventh Defense Battalion, the first unit of the Fleet Marine Force deployed to the Southern Hemisphere in World War II.
1942 First Tuskegee Airman graduate from the USAAF flying school.
1942 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Grenadier torpedoes Japanese transport Asahisan Maru south of Shioyasaki, 36°27'N, 141°06'E.
*Japanese naval units reconnoiter Buka, north of Bougainville in the Bismarcks.
*Japanese troops land on New Guinea.
1942 Atlantic:
*Unarmed U.S. freighter Barbara is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-126 approximately nine miles north-northwest of West Tortuga Island, Dominican Republic, 20°00'N, 73°56'W; a PBY rescues one group of survivors while the remainder reach shore. Later, U-126 shells and sinks unarmed U.S. freighter Cardonia about five miles west-northwest of San Nicholas Mole, Haiti, 19°53'N, 73°27'W; 22 survivors reach safety at San Nicholas Mole less than five hours after the ship sinks (see 8 March).
*U.S. freighter Independence Hall, straggling from convoy SC 73, founders and sinks off Sable Island, 43°55'N, 59°55'W. Ten of the 38-man merchant crew perish; there are no casualties among the 9-man Armed Guard.
*Brazilian steamship Arbabutan is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-155 off the Virginia capes, 35°15'N, 73°55'W
1942 Japanese navy shells Christmas Island, in the Indian Ocean, sinking one ship.
1943 Japanese refuse a German request to join war against Russia.
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Permit damages Japanese merchant fishing vessel Shoshin Maru off northeast coast of Honshu, 41°55'N, 143°50'E.
*Submarine USS Tautog lays mines off southeast coast of Borneo.
1944 Chindits attack Japanese rear area installations in northern Burma.
1944 Pacific:
*As the result of the Japanese shore battery damaging destroyer USS Nichols the day before, TF 74, repeats shelling of Japanese shore batteries and positions on Hauwei and Norilo Islands.
*Japanese shore battery sinks motor torpedo boat PT-337, Hansa Bay, New Guinea, 04°09'S, 144°50'E; PBY (VP 34) rescues survivors on 11 March.
*USAAF B-24s (10th Air Force) mine waters off Koh Chang, Thailand, harbor; mines sink merchant cargo ship Juy_ Maru, 13°10'N, 100°50'E.
1945 Mediterranean:
*Motor torpedo boats PT-305 and PT-307 are accidentally bombed (but not damaged) by friendly aircraft while patrolling southwest of Genoa, Italy.
TG 89.9, comprising aviation supply ship Tackle and fleet tug Moreno, departs Naples for Odessa, USSR, with supplies for American POWs liberated from German camps by Soviet troops.
1945 Pacific:
*Navy task unit completes its work in the Baler Bay-Casiguran Sound area, having found both bodies of water to afford excellent anchorages; it encounters no mines in Casiguran Sound but sweeps 98 in Baler Bay. Not more than 100 Japanese troops are determined to be in the vicinity.
*Japanese submarine chaser Ch 51 is damaged by aircraft off Hachijo Jima.
*Japanese merchant cargo ship Enkei Maru is damaged, most likely by marine casualty, 30°42'N, 128°20'E.
1945 Cologne taken by Allied armies.
1945 The Remagen Bridge captured: U.S. 9th Armored Division crossed the Rhine River into Germany, using the damaged, but still usable Ludendorff Bridge. t marked the 1st incursion of Allied forces into Germany.
1951 Operation Ripper commences: U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launch an offensive to straighten out the U.N. front lines against the Chinese.
1958 USS Grayback commissioned, She was the first submarine built from keel up with guided missile capability, to fire Regulus II missile.
1960 USS Kearsarge rescues 4 Russian soldiers from their landing craft 1,000 miles from Midway.
1974 Wreck of USS Monitor located off Cape Hatteras.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1599  
Old 08 Mar 07, 09:41
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Today's event:

1862 Battle of Pea Ridge: Confederate forces surprised the Union army, in Arkansas, but the Union was victorious.

Today's book:

The Battle of Pea Ridge 1862 by Edward Hale (Photographer), John W. Bond (Author), Lois Snelling (Author), Alvin Seamster (Author), F. P. Rose (Author), Roy A. Clifford (Author)

Book Description:

Covers the Pea Ridge Campaign, Elk Tavern History, Leetown, Benton County during the Civil War, the commanders at Pea Ridge, Butterfield Overland Mail Co., the indian regiments at Pea ridge, reunions of the blue and gray, and trail of tears.

http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Pea-Rid...3361177&sr=1-1
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1600  
Old 08 Mar 07, 09:43
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March 8


By Admiral:

1722 Persia occupied: By forces of Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud.
1746 Aberdeen, Scotland occupied: By Cumberland's troops.
1801 British drive French from Abukir, Egypt.
1854 US/Japanese treaty negotiations opened: US Commodore Matthew C Perry begins diplomatic discussions on his 2nd trip to Japan. Within a month, he concluded a treaty with the Japanese.
1862 Battle of Hampton Roads - Round I: The ironclad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac), with gunboats CSS Jamestown & CSS Yorktown, engage & destroy 2 of Americas first 6 superfrigates - USS Cumberland and USS Congress. USS Monitor had yet to arrive the next day.
1862 Battle of Pea Ridge continues: On the second day of action att Elkhorn Tavern in Arkansas, Confederate forces, including some Indian troops, under General Earl Van Dorn surprised Union troops, but the Union troops won the battle.
1865 Confederacy's "Stainless Banner" augmented with a red strip on the fly.
1865 Battle of Kingston/Wilcox's Ridge/Wise's Forks, NC.
1916 US invades Cuba for 3rd time. This time "to end corrupt Menocal regime."
1917 Russian Revolution breaks out: Russia’s democratic February revolution took place in Russia. The "February Revolution" (2/24 according to the Old Style calendar that Russians used) began with rioting and strikes in the Russian army garrison at Petrograd.
1921 French troops occupy Dusseldorf.
1940 War again comes to the Americas: Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine stops German freighter Hannover in Mona Passage, off the coast of the Dominican Republic, at which point the merchantman's crew sets fire to the ship and abandons her. Boarding party from British light cruiser HMS Dunedin, however, saves Hannover from destruction. Conflicting representations by British and German diplomats as to Hannover's exact position prompt the Dominican government to drop the question of violation of territorial waters. Hannover will ultimately be converted into the escort carrier HMS Audacity. The effort expended to capture Hannover, however, allows German freighters Mimi Horn and Seattle to escape the Caribbean and make a break for Germany.
1941 Martial law was proclaimed in Holland: The objective was to extinguish any anti-Nazi protests.
1942 Pacific:
*Japanese naval force occupies Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea.
*Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-25 reconnoiters Wellington, New Zealand.
*Netherlands Indies surrender to the Japanese.
1942 Japanese capture Rangoon, Burma: Detachment 101 harried the Japanese in Burma and provided close support for regular Allied forces.
1942 Atlantic:
*Net tender Mulberry rescues 14 survivors from U.S. freighter Cardonia, sunk by German submarine U-126 the day before.
*Cutter USCG Calypso rescues 54 survivors from Brazilian steamship Arabutan, sinks their lifeboats as a hazard to navigation, and transports the men to Little Creek, Virginia.
1943 Japanese begin attack across the Yangtze River, between Ichang and Yoyang.
1943 Pacific:
*Submarine USS Permit, attacking Japanese convoy off northern tip of Honshu, sinks merchant cargo ship Hisashima Maru, 41°16'N, 142°27'E.
*Japanese forces attacked American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. The battle lasted five days.
1943 Attack on Nuremberg by 335 allied bombers.
1943 Atlantic:
*PBY-5 (VP 53) sinks German submarine U-156, West Indies area, 12°18'N, 54°39'W.
1943 Indian Ocean:
*U.S. freighter James B. Stephens, independently bound for Durban, is torpedoed by German submarine U-160 off the coast of South Africa, 28°53'S, 33°18'E; one Armed Guard sailor drowns in the abandonment after the ship breaks in two. The forward half ultimately sinks while under tow toward Durban; the after half is scuttled with gunfire
1944 Japanese launch an offensive against British forces near Imphal, India.
1944 Pacific:
*Japanese planes bomb Eniwetok, Engebi Island, destroying ammunition, petroleum products and distillation units but leaving airstrip undamaged.
*Submarine USS Lapon, in attack on Japanese convoy southeast of Hong Kong, damages merchant cargo ship Toyokuni Maru in South China Sea, 19°21'N, 116°09'E; merchant cargo ship Nicherei Maru takes the damaged freighter in tow.
*PBY sinks Japanese fishing boat No.5 Ebisu Maru off Tadji, 03°10'S, 142°13'E.
*USAAF P-38s sink Japanese fishing boat No.38 Taigyo Maru off Aitape.
*US aircraft sink Japanese guardboat No.2 Nanshu Maru off Duke of York Isle, St. George Channel, 04°12'S, 152°30'E
1944 Air raids resume on Berlin by U.S. bombers.
1945 European waters:
Submarine chaser PC-564 engages German minesweepers M 412, M 432, M 442 and M 452 and nine smaller craft off Chaussey. The Germans are bound for the port of Granville, France.
1945 US First Army crosses the Rhine between Cologne and Coblenz.
1945 Pacific:
*Covered lighter YF-926, being towed to Pearl Harbor, founders in heavy weather and sinks.
*USAAF aircraft sink Japanese landing ship T.143 off Formosa, 23°35'N, 121°35'E.
*Japanese guardboat No.3 Daikoku Maru is sunk by U.S. aircraft east of Ogari Jima.
*Japanese merchant cargo ship Toyo Maru is sunk by aircraft off Hankow, China.
*USAAF aircraft (5th Air Force) sink Japanese merchant cargo ship I shima Maru, 22°34'N, 114°53'E.
*USAAF B-24s (14th Air Force) sink Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No.69 southeast of Hainan Island 19°02'N, 111°50'E.
*Navy PBMs bomb Japanese convoy, sinking cargo vessel No.21 Yusen Maru off Chinman Tao, 24°27'N, 118°19'E.
*USAAF B-24s (10th Air Force) attack Japanese shipping in Andaman Sea, sinking cargo vessel Hoyo Maru, 13°00'N, 98°00'E.
*USAAF B-24s bomb Japanese shipping at Hong Kong, sinking guardboat Hyushin Maru off St. John Island 21°42'N, 112°44'E.
*USAAF P-51s (14th Air Force) attack Japanese shipping in the Yangtze, off Hankow, sinking cargo vessel Toyo Maru (ex-ChineTang Yangse ), 30°33'N, 114°17'E.
*Japanese cargo vessel Kwan-Shan Maru is sunk by mine off Kiangyin, China, 31°55'N, 120°16'E.
1945 Burma: British troops fight their way into Japanese held Mandalay.
1945 Luzon: Sixth Army offensive against the Japanese Shimbu Defensive line.
1950 First woman medical officer assigned to a US naval vessel: B R Walters
1950 USSR announces they have developed the atomic bomb
1957 Israeli troops leave Egypt: The Suez Canal re-opened for minor ships
1958 Battleship USS Wisconsin decommissioned: This leaves the US Navy without an active battleship for the first time since 1895.
1961 US nuclear submarine USS Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base
1968 A Soviet submarine, code-named K129, sank in the Pacific at a depth of almost 20,000 feet. A US sub, the USS Halibut, found the Soviet vessel 6 months later and recovered 3 missiles with nuclear warheads, Soviet code books and an encryption machine. In 1974 the CIA attempted to recover the sub. A 100 foot section was pulled in by the Glomar Explorer with 2 nuclear tipped torpedoes and the bodies of 6 Russian sailors.

By Cap. Teancum:

1798 - The French army enters in Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.

1799 - Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.

1814 - Napoleon wins the Battle of Craonne.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Craonne

http://www.napoleonguide.com/battle_craonne.htm

1827 - Brazil marines sail up the Rio Negro (Argentina) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina. They are defeated by the local citizens.

1918 - World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.

1968 - Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon begins. Boonie please feal free to gives us more on this event.
__________________
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Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


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  #1601  
Old 08 Mar 07, 09:47
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Today's event:

1968 - Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon begins.

Today's book:

The Battle Of Saigon: Short Story Collection by Ngo the Vinh (Author), the Vinh Ngo (Author)

Book Reviews:

Ever since before 1975, in the Vietnamese circle of literature and the arts, Ngo The Vinh has been a familiar name. To the circle of physicians, dentists and pharmacists in particular, he is a gifted writer admired by friends and colleagues, not only for his creative talent but also for his dignified personality and his way of thinking.

Ngo The Vinh is well-informed and highly discerning of the political situation and its development. Embedded in each of his works is a perspective on the country. Indeed, all the twelve stories in the collection "The Battle of Saigon" bear out that thematic focus. Fundamentally a very warm-hearted and upright person, he accepted and resigned himself to the position of one caught in a cross fire, all the while being full of compassion and without hatred. Both sides of the conflict seemed uncomfortable and distrustful of him.

The reason for their negative feeling was that while using politics for the background of his works, Ngo The Vinh let his conscience guide his presentation and his expression. It was precisely that pure, humane and compassionate conscience that unmasked dark political chicaneries which, like an animal hiding in the dark of night, when exposed to light would wriggle violently in disquieting protest.


My last impression is that Ngo The Vinh's prose is clear, his style highly polished, and his stories substantial. We should read him in order to understand why he has chosen to engage in writing and for what reason "The Battle of Saigon" makes its appearance overseas.

BUI KHIET
Editor of Living Earth Magazine



''The Battle of Saigon'' should interest, and move, anyone who is interested in the fate of Viet Nam. It may also surprise those who know little about the complex attitudes of the South Vietnamese people towards a war whose consequences still shape their lives.

Both during the fighting and after the voice of the South Vietnamese has often been ignored. As a foreign correspondent in Viet Nam during the war I was lucky enough to hear something of that voice, largely thanks to the persistence of my Vietnamese assistant. But he was a man of middle age with a large family and could not accompany me into the war zones where he might have helped me understand better the so often misunderstood ARVN soldiers. And it is the mind of the South Vietnamese soldier that particularly interests Ngo The Vinh.

In ''The Battle of Saigon'' he allows some of those soldiers to speak. The result is a judicious and humane portrayal of men at war which should concern an outside world that gave them so little thought at the time.

The author also deals with the political and moral dilemmas of the Vietnamese diaspora in North America, trapped between love of the country they were forced to abandon, the ruthlessness of its present communist rulers, and the sometimes painfully different habits of the Western culture they now live in.

Here, too, Ngo The Vinh remains shrewd yet sympathetic. And he shows the same qualities when writing about troubled American veterans who he accepts are as much the war''s victims as the Vietnamese themselves. This is a generous and perceptive book.

MARK FRANKLAND
Former foreign correspondent of "the Observer"
London, England



Ngo The Vinh is a writer of dreams, or more precisely, an author of conscience. In my first novel, "The Nonconformist", I reserved almost a chapter to refer to Ngo The Vinh, as a token of gratitude. I called him `my conscience'. And now, more than twenty years later, as I contemplate the man and his latest works, I find that my opinions about him stay the same as before. He continues to be a socially-committed writer. Indeed, Ngo The Vinh remains the voice of heart and conscience.

NGUYEN XUAN HOANG
Author of The Nonconformist
Editor of Van Magazine



It turns out that "The Battle of Saigon" has never ended and also will never end. Violent situations, cruel and brutal circumstances have exploded all over the South and spread to the North, to every place where live people of Vietnamese origins burdened with concealed tragedies. And to places where Ngo The Vinh more than once had, as a visionary, perceived heart-rending reality, from which he wrote The Green Belt and The Battle of Saigon, when both he and I were still very young. The reality also turns out to be that a writer possesses no power other than a sensitive heart that foresees in whole the Collective Pain. And from that time until now, among the Vietnamese, the Vietnam issue has remained as ever saturated with contradiction and opposition between people of all camps in connection to the war. Every one should read "The Battle of Saigon", re-read it in order to reduce to some extent the cruelty and ruthlessness of the battle prevailing at present in Saigon, even in Hanoi, in the Central Highlands, in each of us here, overseas Vietnamese residing in the United States of America.
PHAN NHAT NAM
Author of Peace and Prisoners of War


http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Saigon-...3361403&sr=1-1
__________________
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Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1602  
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March 9


By Admiral:

1500 Pedro Cabral departed to India. The Portuguese navigator left Lisbon with 13 ships headed for India and was ultimately blown off course.
1734 The Russians took Danzig (Gdansk) in Poland.
1847 Amphibious assault near Vera Cruz, Mexico: It was successfully landed by Commodore David Connor. The US forces under General Winfield Scott invaded Mexico (Mexican-American War) 3 miles south of Vera Cruz. Encountering almost no resistance from the Mexicans massed in the fortified city of Vera Cruz, by nightfall the last of Scott's 10,000 men came ashore without the loss of a single life. It was the largest amphibious landing in U.S. history until WW II.
1861 First hostile act of the Civil War: It occurred when Star of the West fires on Sumter, S.C.
1861 Confederate Congress authorizes paper currency: $50, $100, $500, $1,000.
1862 Battle of Hampton Roads II: USS Monitor, designed by John Ericsson and built in 100 days, fights CSS Virginia (former USS Merrimac) to an ironclad draw.
1864 1st Lt General since Washington: President Abraham Lincoln officially commissioned Ulysses S. Grant the first Lieutenant General in the U.S. Army since George Washington. After leading Union victories in the West in 1862-63, Lincoln gave Grant supreme command of the Union forces in the revived rank.
1915 The Germans take Grodno on the Eastern Front.
1916 Germany declares war against Portugal.
1916 Pancho Villa attacks US: He led 1,500 horsemen in a night raid on Columbus, New Mexico. Seventeen US soldiers and citizens were killed as the town was looted and burned. President Woodrow Wilson responded by ordering General John J. “Black Jack” Pershing to “pursue and disperse” the bandits.
1918 Bolshevick Party changes stipes when it becomes the Communist Party in Russia.
1921 Armored cruiser Brooklyn stricken from the Navy List.
1924 Italy annexes Fiume.
1932 Eamon De Valera becomes president of Ireland.
1941 Action in the Pacific:
*Heavy cruisers USS Chicago and USS Portland, light cruisers USS Brooklyn and USS Savannah, nine destroyers and oiler Sangamon, that had departed Pearl Harbor on 3 March arrive at Samoa.
1942 Ernest J. King promoted:, Already CINCUS, he is also named CNO.
1942 Action in the Pacific:
*Submarine Swordfish disembarks U.S. High Commissioner to the Philippine Islands Francis B. Sayre and his party (embarked since 24 February) at Fremantle, Australia. The collapse of the ABDA command has led to this change of destination.
*Java surrenders to the Japanese.
1942 Action in the Atlantic:
*Naval Air Transport Service Squadron (VR 1) is established at Norfolk, Virginia, for operations in Atlantic area.
*U.S. freighter Alcoa Scout rescues survivors of U.S. freighter Mary, sunk by German submarine U-129 on 3 March.
*Brazilian steamship Cayru is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-94 at 39°10'N, 72°02'W.
1943 Action in the Pacific:
*Naval aircraft bomb Japanese installations at Munda, Solomons. Bombing of this area becomes a regular occurrence.
*Submarine S-32 is damaged by Japanese depth charges off Holtz Bay, Attu Island, Aleutians.
*In NE New Guinea, Japanese aircraft conduct a major raid on Wau.
1943 Action in the Atlantic:
*Battle to protect convoy SC 121 continues as Coast Guard cutters USCG Bibb and USCG Ingham and destroyer USS Babbitt reinforce the escorts. USS Babbitt proves her worth this day as she helps keep U-boats down. Despite the efforts of the escorts, however, German submarine U-409 torpedoes U.S. freighter Malantic at 59°30'N, 24°00'W, which is abandoned in a gale; 19 merchant seamen, five Armed Guard sailors and the ship's sole passenger perish in the attempt to reach British rescue vessel Melrose Abbey. Malantic will sink the next day.
*German submarine U-510 carries out series of attacks on ships of convoy BT 6, which is escorted by destroyer USS Borie, gunboats USS Courage and USS Tenacity and two submarine chasers, off Cayenne, French Guayana. U-510 torpedoes U.S. freighters George G. Meade, Mark Hanna, James Smith, Thomas Ruffin and James K. Polk at 07°11'N, 52°30'W. George G. Meade suffers no casualties to either her merchant crew or the Armed Guard, and returns to service; Mark Hanna is abandoned by most of the crew, submarine chaser PC-592 rescuing the men while a portion of the complement remains on board to prepare the ship to be towed; after repairs, she returns to active service. James Smith suffers the loss of six merchant sailors and five Armed Guard seamen in the initial explosion, and is partially abandoned, with submarine chaser PC-592 rescuing a portion of the crew. The ship, however, will be towed to Trinidad by British tug Zwarte Zee and will eventually re-enter active service. Thomas Ruffin is partially abandoned, with Courage and PC-592 rescuing crewmen (four of the ship's merchant complement and two of the 15-man Armed Guard are killed); the ship will eventually be written off as a total loss. James K. Polk (one Armed Guard sailor is killed when the ship is torpedoed--the only casualty) is partially abandoned, with PC-592 serving as the rescuing agent; the master and a volunteer crew rig tarpaulins and with those makeshift sails proceed some 360 miles. Eventually towed to Trinidad and thence to Mobile, Alabama, James K. Polk will be written off as a total loss.
*U.S. freighter Puerto Rican, straggling from convoy RA 53, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-586 at 66°44'N, 10°41'W'; of the 40-man merchant complement and 25-man Armed Guard, only one man of the former will survive the abandonment in the below-freezing environment in which the sinking takes place.
1944 Action in the Pacific:
*In the South China Sea, submarine USS Lapon, continuing her pursuit of Japanese convoy engaged the previous day, sinks merchant cargo ships Toyokuni Maru, 19°21'N, 116°09'E, and Nicherei Maru (the ship that was towing her) 19°21'N, 116°09'E (see 8 March). Gunboat Peking Maru carries out ineffective counterattack against Lapon.
PBYs bomb Japanese shipping off Hollandia, sinking the previously damaged Hasshu Maru and small cargo ships Yashima Maru and No.12 Genei Maru, and damaging Tenryu Maru.
*USAAF B-25s bomb Japanese installations and dock area, Simpson Harbor, Rabaul, sinking small cargo vessels Mankei Maru and Kinka Maru.
*USAAF B-24 sinks small Japanese cargo vessel No.1 Kissho Maru off Greenwich Island.
1944 Veen falls to 4th Canadian Division, in Germany as the Battle of the Rhineland begins to wind down.
1944 Action in the Atlantic:
*Naval Air Facility (Lighter than Air), Santa Cruz, Brazil, is established.
*Destroyer escort USS Leopold is torpedoed by German submarine U-255, 650 miles west of Scotland.
1944 Action in the Mediterranean:
*Destroyer USS Edison sinks German submarine U-450 off Anzio, 41°11'N, 12°27'E.
*U.S. freighter Clark Mills is damaged by mine off North African coast, 37°18'N, 10°13'E; beached off Bizerte,the ship is later written off as a total loss. There are no casualties to either the merchant crew, passengers, or the 42-man Armed Guard.
1945 Action in the Mediterranean:
*Motor torpedo boats PT-304, PT-308 and PT-313 engage German flak lighters off Point Mesco, Italy, claiming one sunk, one hit, and one possibly hit; PT-304 is damaged by shrapnel during the attack. During retirement, however, PT-308 is damaged when she is accidentally rammed by PT-304.
1945 Action in European waters:
*Submarine chaser PC-564, outgunned and badly damaged, manages to outrun the German force engaged late on 8 March and is grounded on the French coast at Pierre de Herpin light. French fishing boats arrive to help the wounded, and the next day, PC-564 is towed into St. Malo harbor. Shortly after PC-564 is knocked out of action, German raiding party attacks Granville, demolishing installations, releasing German POWs held there, and sinking small British freighters Kyle Castle, Nephrite, and Parkwood, and Norwegian merchantman Heien. The Germans seize collier Eskwood and tow her to Jersey, in the Channel Islands. German minesweeper M 412 runs aground and is blown up when it is realized that extricating her from her predicament is impossible in the time allowed.
1945 Action in the Pacific:
*PB4Y carries out unsuccessful attack on submarine chaser Ch 21, 22°23'N, 115°03'E.
*Japanese attack French garrisons in Indochina, massacring thousands of troops.
*US Fire Storms Tokyo: 334 U.S. B29 bombers launched incendiary bomb attacks causing widespread devastation. At least 120,000 die in Tokyo.
1974 The last Japanese soldier surrenders: A guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrendered, 29 years after World War II ended.

By Cap. Teancum:

1781 - Spanish siege of Pensacola begins.

http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...4&cat=16369276

1965 - Marines continue to land at Da Nang.

1970 - Marines hand over control of I Corps region.

http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...4&cat=10272949
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1603  
Old 09 Mar 07, 03:58
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1781 - Spanish siege of Pensacola begins.

Today's book:

Pensacola Bay, A Military History by Dale Manuel

Book Review:

This booklet is mostly made of illustration and short on text. The drawings and other illustrations are worth having.

http://www.amazon.com/Pensacola-Mili...3427048&sr=1-2
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1604  
Old 10 Mar 07, 05:16
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
March 10


By Admiral:

241 -BC- Battle of Aegusa: Roman fleet sinks 50 Carthagean ships.
418 Jews are exclued from public office in the Roman Empire.
1734 Spanish army under Don Carlos III enters Naples.
1783 John Barry's USS Alliance takes HMS Sybil.
1806 Battle of Campo Tenese: French defeat the Neapolitans.
1814 Battle of Laon: Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by a combined Allied Army in France
1861 First "service medal" issued: Britain's Waterloo Medal.
1864 Red River Campaign, LA, begins.
1865 Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC.
1868 The first contingent of Canadian Pontifical Zouaves arrives in Rome early this afternoon. There are 36 volunteers from Quebec in this group; in time, they will be joined by almost 500 more recruits. The troops have offered to serve Pope Pius IX in his defence of the Papal States against Garibaldi and the forces of Italian unification. Only two will be wounded in the fighting.
1902 The Boers last victory over the British capturing British General Methuen and 200 men.
1915 Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Belgium.
1927 Albania mobilizes, claiming threat from Yugoslavia.
1927 Hitler barred from speaking in Bavaria.
1940 Germany invades Beglium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, and France.
1941 Action in the Pacific:
*Japan steps in to mediate undeclared war between France and Thailand; France cedes territory to Thailand and gives Japan monopoly of Indochinese rice crop and right to airfield at Saigon.
*Rear Admiral Edward J. Marquart is detached as Commander Minecraft Battle Force.
1941 Vichy France threaten to use its navy if Britain would not allow food to reach France.
1942 Action in the Pacific:
*TF 11, which includes ships of TF 17, on the heels of initial nuisance raids by RAAF Hudsons, attacks Japanese invasion fleet off Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea. SBDs (VB 2, VS 2, VB 5, VS 5) and TBDs (VT 2, VT 5), supported by F4Fs (VF 3 and VF 42) from carriers USS Lexington and USS Yorktown sink armed merchant cruiser Kongo Maru, auxiliary minelayer Ten'yo Maru, and transport Yokohama Maru; and damage light cruiser IJN Yubari; destroyers IJN Yunagi, IJN Asanagi, IJN Oite, IJN Asakaze, and IJN Yakaze; minelayer IJN Tsugaru; seaplane carrier Kiyokawa Maru; transport Kokai Maru; and minesweeper No.2 Tama Maru. One SBD (VS 2) is lost to antiaircraft fire. USAAF B-17s and RAAF Hudsons conduct follow up strikes but inflict no appreciable additional damage. In a message to Prime Minister Churchill, President Roosevelt hails the raid as "the best day's work we've had." The success of the U.S. carrier strike - the first time in which two carrier air groups attack a common objective - convinces Japanese war planners that continued operations in the New Guinea area will require carrier support, thus setting the stage for confrontation in the Coral Sea.
*Japanese invade Finschhafen, New Guinea.
*Japanese collier Kosei Maru is sunk by mine in Lingayen Gulf, P.I., 16°05'N, 120°20'E.
*USMC F2As (VMF 221) from Midway shoot down Japanese reconnaissance flying boat (Yokosuka Kokutai) attempting to reconnoiter the atoll.
* MacArthur appoints Maj General Johnathan Wainwright commander on Luzon.
1942 Action in the Atlantic:
*US tanker Gulftrade is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-588 about two miles east of Barnegat, New Jersey, 39°50'N, 73°52'W; net tender Larch and cutter USCG Antietam, along with Eagle Boat PE-48 and Coast Guard motor lifeboats from the Barnegat station are sent to the scene. Larch rescues seven survivors; USCG Antietam nine.
1942 NY's 27th Inf Div sails for Hawaii - first division to go overseas in WW II.
1944 Burma: Chinese troops and Merrill's Marauders capture the Walawbum Valley.
1944 Action in the Pacific:
*Submarine USS Bowfin in attack on Japanese convoy in Tabalai Strait, damages army cargo ship Tsukikawa Maru at 01°28'S, 128°12'E. Escorts carry out ineffective counterattack.
*Submarine chaser SC-700 is destroyed and fuel oil barge YO-44 is damaged by fire, Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands.
*PBY bombs and sinks Japanese army cargo ship Hasshu Maru off Hollandia, New Guinea.
1944 Action in the Atlantic:
*Destroyer escort USS Leopold irreparably damaged by German submarine U-255, 650 miles west of Scotland, on 9 March, is scuttled by destroyer escort USS Joyce.
1944 Action in the Mediterranean:
*U.S. freighter William B. Woods is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-952 approximately 47 miles off Palermo, Sicily, 38°43'N, 13°50'E; one of the 28-man Armed Guard and 51 of the 407 Army troops being transported in the ship perish. There are no casualties among the 43-man merchant complement. Escorting Italian destroyer escort DMB Aretusa provides no help.
1945 Japan declares Vietnam independence under "Emperor" Bao Dai.
1945 Action in the Pacific:
*Approximately 300 B-29s bomb Tokyo at night with almost 2,000 tons of incendiaries killing 100,000 in the resultant firestorm.
*US troops land on Mindanao.
1945 Canadian forces begin their advance on the western suburbs of Xanten. This town represents the last large urban obstacle to crossing the Rhine. The Canadians reach their objectives by midday and clear the town by the following morning.
1945 Patton's 3rd Army contacts Hodge's 1st Army.
1945 German's destroy the Wessel Bridge on the Rhine.
1948 Jets begin regular operations from a carrier, VF-5A off USS Boxer.
1952 Military coup in Cuba by General Fulgencio Batista.
1959 Tibetan uprising against Chinese occupation in Lhasa.
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


  #1605  
Old 10 Mar 07, 05:22
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Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600] Cap. Teancum is simply cracking [600]
Today's event:

1814 Battle of Laon: Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by a combined Allied Army in France

Today's book:

The Napoleonic Wars: The Fall of the French Empire 1813-1815 by Gregory Fremont-Barnes

Book Description:

This volume covers Napoleon's gradual fall from power, beginning in the spring of 1813, when France prepared to face the vengeance of Russia and Prussia. quickly raising new armies composed of inexperienced conscripts and invalided veterans, and with a critical shortage of cavalry, Napoleon resolved to preserve his empire in Germany, where he initially managed to achieve some hard-fought victories. When at last Austria threw in her lot with the Allies and the epic Battle of Leipzig followed, Napoleon was forced to retreat across the Rhine, there to resist the onslaught on home soil. The pressure against him proved too great, and with Paris lost and his marshals refusing to fight on, no option remained but abdication. Yet his last battle, and one of the most decisive in military history, was still to come: Waterloo.

http://www.amazon.com/Napoleonic-War...3518390&sr=1-2
__________________
All warfare is based on deception.
Sun Tzu - Art of war - Chapter One - Laying Plans


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