On 1 April 1814, the Sénat conservateur elected Talleyrand chief of a five-member provisionary government.
The next morning, Talleyrand and Barthélemy, president of the Senate, proposed a motion to depose Napoléon and the House of Bonaparte, and call the Count of Provence to the throne as King Louis XVIII.
On 3 April, the Senate voted a text detailing its reasons for ousting Napoléon. It charged the emperor with numerous violations of the Constitution of the Year XII, which it had itself approved over the years. The minutes of the meeting were published in Le Moniteur Universel of 4 April.
The final paragraph read: The Senate declares and decrees as follows: 1. Napoleon Buonaparte is cast down from the throne, and the right of succession in his family is abolished. 2. The French people and army are absolved from their oath of fidelity to him. 3. The present decree shall be transmitted to the departments and armies, and proclaimed immediately in all the quarters of the capital.
The trout who swims against the current gets the most oxygen..