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Go Back   Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History > Historical Events & Eras > Warfare Through the Ages > The Medieval Era

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The Medieval Era Discussions on Knights and Crusaders, and all things medieval!

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Old 25 Nov 17, 00:44
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Druzhina Druzhina is offline
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Lightbulb Byzantine or Byzantine influenced illustrations from the 15th century

Byzantine or Byzantine influenced illustrations from the 15th century:
The Betrayal, Mural in Agios Georgios, Artos, Crete, c.1401AD
Equestrian portrait of Constantine on a gold medal, by Antonio Pisano (Pisanello), Italy, 1402
The Robe, Boots and Bow of Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaeologus, by Antonio Pisanello, Italy, 1438
Medal of Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaeologus, by Antonio Pisanello, Italy, 1438-1442
Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaeologus on the Filarete Door, by Antonio Averuline known as Filarete, St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy, 1445
Wallpainting of Manuel Laskaris Chatzikes, c.1445, Pantanassa, Mistras, Laconia, Greece
Byzantine Soldiers on a Tomb in Hagia Sophia, Trebizond, 15th century
Frescoes in the church of Agia Paraskevi, Geroskipou, Cyprus, 15th century
Byzantine Soldier in a Fresco, Church of the Brontochion, Mistra, Greece, after 1449AD (is a better version available?)
Frescoes of the 'Legend of the True Cross' by Piero Della Francesca, San Francesco, Arezzo, Italy, 1452-1466AD
Venetian, Cretan, Byzantine, Mamluk, Negro & Ottoman Soldiers on 'The Crucifixion', by Andreas Pavias, Crete, second half of the 15th century
There is also a Cassone with painted front panel called the 'Conquest of Trebizond', Florence, Italy, c.14611465 (attributed to workshop of Apollonio di Giovanni di Tomaso) which is now thought not to depict Byzantines except perhaps for one on the right.
Although Crete and Cyprus were no longer part of the Byzantine Empire, their religious art seems to be very Byzantine influenced and portrayes some Byzantine costume.
What other 15th century illustrations from Byzantine lands are available?

Ian Heath's Trapezuntine Byzantines, 15th century, in Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2 fig. 61 is based on the frescoes on a tomb in the church of Hagia Sophia, Trebizond with composite bow added from the so-called 'Conquest of Trebizond' cassone. He retains the straight leg forward riding style from the fresco despite writing in Trapezuntine Byzantine Cavalryman 14th century, in Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2 that Clavijo reported the use of Turkish swords, bows and short stirrups - at the beginning of the 15th century. The hat worn by the mounted figures in the frescoes is more like No. 27 in The Crucifixion, by Andreas Pavias and by the figure in blue poined at by the Sultan on the right on the 'Conquest of Trebizond' cassone and by Alexander and some other important people, mostly women in the 14th century Romance of Alexander by Pseudo-Callisthenes, Byzantine Trebizond, Instittuto Ellenico di Venezia codex 5 rather than the hat on Ian Heath's figure 61.
Silmilar shield patterns to Fig. 62 are carried by Italians on the 'Battle of Issus' cassone panel, also by Apollonio di Giovanni, Italy, early 15th century, so are not necessarily Byzantine (or Ottoman).

mirror site:
15th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers

Druzhina
Byzantine Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers

Last edited by Druzhina; 26 Nov 17 at 00:26.. Reason: Filarete door link
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