Originally Posted by Ulrih
Before the Russian campaign in Imperial guard there was artillery train regiment that was Middle guard unit. I have a question about soldiers and officers of this unit - where do they come from? As I understand it wasn`t combat unit so how soldiers were chosen for this unit? They had same requirements for soldiers as other Middle Guard units (several campaigns etc.)?
And second question is regarding payment. As we all know Imperial guard had better payment than soldiers from the line units. There are usually tables in books showing this difference (like in Lachouqe`s works), but I haven`t found more detailed info about this. Does payment changed during Napoleonic wars? Or it was established in the beginning of Napoleon`s rule and maintained at the same level until 1815?
The personnel for the Guard train units undoubtedly came from the train units in the line, those picked were promoted into the Guard. There were only two companies of artillery train in the Guard in 1804, and they were expanded to a battalion in 1806.
The artillery train of the line was created in January 1800 by a decree of the Consuls. The men and horses were both picked with great care, the train having the same problems with horses the cavalry did and then some, as pairs had to be carefully matched and the strongest pair in the team were the wheel horses, those closest to the limber.
I would disagree, though, that the artillery train units were not combat troops. The gun limbers and one caisson per piece were in the firing positions with the guns, so they would be under fire without having the satisfaction of shooting back. And controlling two horses under fire must have been an interesting assignment.
As for pay, as I recall the Guard pay was based on that of the line, being higher, and if the line got a pay raise, then the Guard would also. That is a best guess as I usually don't look up some of the administration matters.