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Go Back   Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History > Historical Events & Eras > World War II > Armor in World War II > Soviet Armor

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Soviet Armor Discuss all WW2 Soviet armor here.

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  #1  
Old 29 Aug 17, 03:02
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Sherman tanks in the Red Army

Something has been gnawing at me for sometime now. During WW2 the Soviet Army had one of the best tanks on the Allied the T-34 and yet some Soviet armored units also operated the Sherman tanks. Could someone tell why the Russians were operating the Sherman when they had the T-34?
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  #2  
Old 29 Aug 17, 06:22
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The T-34 had issues, especially maintenance and reliability. And the early T-34 with 76mm isn't that much "better" than a Sherman- better protected, less reliable, both capable of defeating the bulk of German tanks (if there are German tanks available, in many cases there aren't). And T-34/85 production didn't start until Feb 44- its not a process of instantaneous replacement once production starts

Second, the early disruption of Soviet manufacturing meant that building enough replacements was an issue (especially when they keep breaking down, see point 1).

If the choice is between a Sherman and nothing (either because you're waiting for the T-34 to be built, or because its broken down somewhere), the choice is pretty easy.
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Old 29 Aug 17, 10:38
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Here's an interview with Dmitriy Loza, author of the book Commanding the Red Army's Shermans which may be of interest:

Dmitriy Loza

Also see this post and assorted links:

Soviet Shermans: The Soviet Union Used and Liked the Sherman
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Old 30 Aug 17, 03:20
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Because they couldn't get enough T34's in service and keep them there.
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Old 30 Aug 17, 10:24
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Basic info (from Wiki):
"The M4A2s used by the Red Army were considered to be much less prone to blow up due to ammunition detonation than the T-34 (T-34-76), but tended to overturn in road collisions because of their much higher center of gravity.[12]
Under Lend-Lease, 4,102 M4A2 medium tanks were sent to the U.S.S.R. Of these, 2,007 were equipped with the 75 mm gun, and 2,095 carried the 76 mm gun."

By the numbers it would seem that the Germans were just as likely to see Shermans on the Eastern Front as they were Panthers.

More comments:

http://knowledgeglue.com/was-the-m4-...t-perspective/
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