Once again we should look to those masters of colonialism and global hegemony, the UK ~ "British", this place India and time the 19th century;
Inland Customs Line
The Inland Customs Line
which incorporated the Great Hedge of India
(or Indian Salt Hedge
) was a customs barrier built by the British
primarily to collect the salt tax
. The customs line was begun while India was under the control of the East India Company
but continued into the period of direct British rule. The line had its beginnings in a series of customs houses
that were established in Bengal
in 1803 to prevent the smuggling of salt to avoid the tax. These customs houses were eventually formed into a continuous barrier that was brought under the control of the Inland Customs Department
The line was gradually expanded as more territory was brought under British control until it covered a distance of more than 2,500 miles (4,000 km), often running alongside rivers and other natural barriers. At its greatest extent it ran from the Punjab
in the northwest until it reached the princely state
, near the Bay of Bengal
, in the southeast. The line was initially made of dead, thorny material such as the Indian Plum
but eventually evolved into a living hedge that grew up to 12 feet (3.7 m) high and was compared to the Great Wall of China
. The Inland Customs Department employed customs officers, Jemadars
and men to patrol the line and apprehend smugglers, reaching a peak of more than 14,000 staff in 1872. The line and hedge were considered to be an infringement on the freedom of Indians and in opposition to free trade
policies and were eventually abandoned in 1879 when the tax was applied at point of manufacture. The salt tax itself would remain in place until 1946.
HELLO, Southern USA Border!
Who says a Border Barrier/Wall/Fence can't take many forms? ...