The title says it all. I decided to give a try on ACG as well,since last time Golani offered me valuable help with IDF and I will use the opportunity to thank him again.
I have made a list of various AFVs,combat systems and aircraft used by years.I shall stress it is for Regular Army only (while air is USAF),not National Guard or USMC, although I will not refuse any kind of information.
Entire list about combat assets on front lines,so aircraft for example are only those performing CAS. (or often found in that role)
I have plenty of doubts,for good part regarding years when systems exited active service. Also I was unable to understand helicopter designations very well and their service.Help in that area would be extremely appreciated.
I am also interested on clarifications on evolution of infantry and mechanized dismounted squads. I saw sources that say US infantry squad have 11 men,but other say there are 10,and training diagrams show 8 men maneuvering (with optional team leaders). What is the average number of men that actually fight and how that evolved over the years?
Can you tell me the same for M113 and M2 dismounts?
- M114 (1962-1975)
- M114A2 (1969-1975) *1
- M113 ACAV (1965-1984)
- M3 Bradley (October 1981-1989)
- M3A1 Bradley (1987-today)
- M3A2 Bradley (1988-today)
- M41 Walker Bulldog (1953-1969?)
- M551 Sheridan (June 1967-1996)
- M901 ITV (in recce platoon 1978-1984)
- M72 LAW (1964-1988) *2
- AT4 LAW (1988-today)
- M47 Dragon (1975 - 2001)
- M67 recoilless rifle (1963-1975)
- M202 FLASH (197?) *3
- M79 40mm grenade launcher (1961-1971+)
- M203 40mm underbarrel grenade launcher (1970-today)
- M113A1 (1964)
- M113A2 (1979)
- M113A3 (1987-today)
- M2 IFV (October 1981-1989)
- M2A1 (1987-today) *4
- M2A2 (1988-today)
- M48A1 (until December 1979) *a
- M48A2 *b
- M48A3 (February 1963-ca. 1980)
- M48A5 (June 1978-summer 1984) *c
- M60 (fall of 1960-April 1979+)
- M60A1 (1963-1972?) (basic version without upgrades)
- M60A1(AOS) (late 1972-1975)
- M60A1(RISE) (1975-77?)
- M60A1(RISE/PASSIVE) (1977-1997)
- M60A2 "Starship" (1974-1981)
- M60A3 (1978-1984)
- M60A3 (TTS) (August 1979-May 1997)
- M1 (1984-September 1996)
- M1IP (1984-2003+?)
- M1A1 (August 1985-today) *5
- M1A1 HA (October 1988-today)
- Redeye SAM Team (1968-1982)
- Stinger SAM Team (1978-today)
- M48 Chaparral (1969-1991) *6
- M167 (1968–1994)*7
- M163 (1968–1994)
- M42A1 Duster (1956-1963) (1967?-1973) *8
- M106 (October 1964-today)
- M125 (October 1964-today)
- M901 ITV (1978-1987)
- M901A1 (1987-1991+?)
- M40 recoilless gun (1953-1971)
- ENTAC (summer 1963-1969)
- SS.11 (as helicopter mount) (1961-1971)
- M47 Dragon ATGM Team
- TOW ATGM Team (1972-1982)
- I-TOW ATGM Team (1982-1987)
- TOW-2 ATGM Team (1987-today)
- Mk 19 Grenade Launcher (1984-today)
- M132 Armored Flamethrower (December 1964-early '80)
- A-10 A-10 Thunderbolt II (1978-today)
- F-105D Thunderchief (1961-1970)
- F-4C Phantom (December 1964-1990+)
- A-1 Skyraider (1964-1970) *9
- A-7 Corsair II (1971-1981) *10
- AH-1G (1968-197??)
- AH-1S (19??-19??)
- AH-1F (198?-March 1999)
- AH-64A (September 1987-today)
- OH-6A Cayuse (1966-1974)
- OH-58A Kiowa (1970-1978)
- OH-58C Kiowa (1976-1991+)
- OH-58D Kiowa Warrior (1991-today) *10
US Army initiated retirement of the M114 in 1973; the last vehicles were removed from the inventory in the early 1980s. However it seems they were well out of front lines by then.
Remained in the inventory
According to Training Circular 23-2 (April 1978) the M202 was issued as needed, generally one per rifle platoon. As with most RPGs, no dedicated gunners were trained, the weapon instead being carried in addition to the rifleman's standard weapon. While vastly more lightweight than the M2 flamethrower it replaced, the weapon was still bulky to use and the ammunition suffered from reliability problems. In fact,M202 ammunition had some flaws (most probably due to poor quality control or design flaws), which resulted in self-ignition of warheads during loading of the weapon. Not surprisingly, such disastrous events made the launcher less than popular among the troops, and most M202 launchers had mostly been relegated to storage during late 1980s, although some launchers were observed during training of US and allied troops through early 1990s. It nominally remains a part of the US Army arsenal.
Carry 7 men.Original M2 carried 6 men.
Another problem is what was available in Europe and what was available elsewhere in the world.In this case,all USAEUR tank battalions received the M1A1 by the end of 1989 and all POMCUS facilities were equipped by June 1991.In same period National Guard in USA still used M48A5.
All aspect C variant became operational in 1978. Withdrawn from National Guard in 1997.
Towed Vulcan AA with 500 rounds of ammunition (Compendium of Armaments and Military Hardware; Christopher Chant)
M42 Duster entered service in 1953,followed by improved version in 1956.It was retired from active Army in 1963,then recalled back in service with Vietnam war.After that conflict M42 continued serving with NG until 1988.
Represent USAF Skyraiders. By 1967 the USAF began to paint its Skyraiders in a camouflaged pattern.By 1971 only one squadron was available,used for SAR mostly.
USAF service. Other non-Army units were present in Europe until 1987/1988,or took part in Desert Storm.
Simplified,therefore designations not entirely correct,but good enough.
Some entries still include units in reserve,for example M1IP. Will be updated as information became available.
M48A1 available at least until December 1979,but units in Vietnam had it withdrawn in 1968.
Between 1957-1963 (SIPRI) 1486 M-48A1s and M-48A2s (mostly A2) were given to West Germany,so good part of 2328 produced units ended there.
140 M48A5 were delivered to Regular Army,more precisely to 2nd Infantry Division in Korea,in order to replace their worn-out M60A1. (Hunnicutt, R. P. Patton: A History of the American Main Battle Tank).I was also told by ex-tanker in that unit they were replaced with M60A3 in summer of 1984,for which however I don't have a written source or unit history,but I think it is good enough.Remaining almost two thousand conversions were sent directly to Reserve and National Guard units (from October 1975),where they served in various roles up 1992/93.